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|Other Titles:||The Economic Costs of Dementia in Taiwan|
Dementia;Long-term Care;Economic Costs
|Issue Date:||2009-01-06 15:13:40 (UTC+8)|
In Taiwan, the population of those 65 years of age and older is growing rapidly and it accounted for 7.1% of the total population in 1993. According to the definition of the United Nation, Taiwan is an aged country in which those 65 years of age or older accounted for 7% or more of the total population. The senior care is an important issue in society with increasing longevity. The senior care is that caring the individual physical disability due to disease, decline of the physical function, and etc for those 65 years and older. Senile dementia is one of main causes of functional disability in the elderly. The prevalence rate of dementia was around 2.5-4.4% among those aged 65 and older in Taiwan. Nevertheless, the medical economic studies of were scanty in Taiwan. It is necessary to estimate the cost of dementia to understand the impact on the national economics. Our study showed the unpaid informal care, instead of medical treatment cost, forms a major part of the total costs of dementia. The economic costs for one demented patient per year varied from 206,311 to 710,737 NT dollars. The financial impacts on the families and society are substantial. The estimated cost of dementia for the total population of Taiwan in 1999 varies from 5,101,000,000 to 17,600,000,000 NT dollars depending on the composition of aging population and caring human resources. It is a need for the government to plan the long-term care system in Taiwan.
|Relation:||國立政治大學學報, 82, 1-26|
|Appears in Collections:||[財政學系] 期刊論文|
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