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|Other Titles:||Legco's Direct Elections and the Development of Hong Kong's Political Party System|
proportional representation;voting rate;disproportionality;party factor;political party system
|Issue Date:||2009-01-16 11:20:18 (UTC+8)|
Direct elections to Hong Kong's Legislative Council (Legco) have been held three times since the introduction of this electoral system in 1991 and have chosen only one third of all the Legco members. Regulations for the past three direct elections have varied: the practice of block voting was followed in 1991 under the plurality with multi-member-district system; the plurality with single-member-district system was used in 1995; and the list proportional representation system was adopted in 1998. The authorities in Beijing and Hong Kong adopted the proportional representation system in order to decrease the number of seats under control of the democratic parties. The practice of proportional representation has not only increased Legco's voting rate but has also significantly overcome the phenomenon of disproportionality. As a result, parties have been able to play a greater role in Hong Kong politics. One could even argue that a moderate multi-party system has gradually been developing in Hong Kong. Most parties have been confronted with the following challenges: splits in the party, the need to readjust policy lines, and obstacles to soliciting greater support. In Hong Kong today, although the gap between the rich and the poor has widened and although divisions in society have intensified, it is not likely that an extreme multi-party system would appear. Since the proportional representation system provides protection to small parties, we cannot exclude the possibility of irreparable splits in some political parties.
|Appears in Collections:||[The Institute of International Relations ] Periodical Articles|
[Mainland China Studies] Journal Articles
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