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Title: 對電腦輔助工具的態度與其實施時之成功因素
Other Titles: The Attitude Toward Computerized Aided Tools and its Success Factorsin Implementation
Authors: 楊亨利
Yang, Heng-Li
Date: 1999-06
Issue Date: 2009-01-17 16:15:43 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 長久以來,系統發展就被視為一件高難度的工作,所以,也就一直是藝術成分多於科學。電腦輔助軟體工程(CASE)是對軟體工程領域予以自動化。本研究試圖瞭解CASE在台灣使用情況。首先,經由文獻探討,發展出一份問卷。分為一般廠商及教師與CASE廠商二種版本。經先導測試後,以抽樣調查法對下列團體寄發問卷:國內前一百大企業、政府機關、金融業、資訊經理人協會會員、資訊管理學會會員、大專資管科系中專長為系統分析與設計或軟體工程的教師、CASE廠商及其使用者群。問卷共寄出786份,經二次催收,有效回收問卷數為226份。我們以因素分析分別將系統發展中的嚴重問題、知覺CASE使用上會有的問題、對CASE在組織影響的態度、以及CASE成功因素予以濃縮成幾個因素。而後嘗試地探討包含答卷者個人、組織、資訊部門、及系統發展等方面的眾多干擾變數(Moderator Variables)對上述問題與態度的影響。接著,本研究嘗試在加上「對系統發展中問題的嚴重性」這變數後,測試CASE引進態度模型。結果發現,「知覺CASE使用上會有的問題」不會對「認為CASE可改進系統發展問題的程度」或「對CASE在組織影響的態度」產生統計顯著影響。而在探討成功使用CASE的決定因子模型上,我們發現「方法論的使用」(含引入CASE之前的使用及與CASE提供的方法論的一致)是唯一顯著的成功因素。而單以「方法論的使用」來區別使用CASE較成功與較不成功者,其區別正確率也已達75%。 System development has been recognized as a task with a high level of complexity and remains more of an art rather than a science. Computer-Aided Software Engineering (CASE) is the automation of the software engineering discipline. The aim of the research discussed was to understand CASE tool usage in Taiwan. First, through a literature review, we developed two questionnaires --- one for general respondents, the other for teachers and CASE agents. After pre-testing, 786 questionnaires were mailed out and 226 effective responses were obtained. Factor analyses were used to condense factors from〝severity of critical problems in system development,〞〝severity of perceived problems in CASE usage,〞〝attitude toward CASE〞and〝CASE implementation success determinants.〞 Several moderator variables were considered in exploring their possible influence as well as the attitude and organizational features of the organizations that successfully used CASE. Path analyses were used to test an attitude model of CASE adoption and implementation success determinants. We found that〝the perceived problems in CASE tools〞had no statistically significant influence on〝attitude toward CASE and very little influence on〝perceived CASE improvement for system development critical problems.〞 In addition,〝methodology use〞including the usage before CASE adoption and consistency with the methodology supported by CASE) was the only statisticaOlly significant CASE implementation success determinant. Using only a〝methodology use〞variable could discriminate the successful adopter from relatively unsuccessful adopter with a 75% correct classification rate. The results were compared with previous research in other countries to discuss the possible differences.
Relation: 國立政治大學學報, 78, 441-503
Data Type: article
Appears in Collections:[資訊管理學系] 期刊論文
[第78期] 期刊論文

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