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Title: 台灣發明家的內在動機、思考取向及環境機會:演化論的觀點
Other Titles: The Intrinsic Motivation, Thinking Orientation, and Environmental Opportunities of Technological Inventors in Taiwan: A Perspective from Evolution Theory
Authors: 詹志禹
Keywords: 技術發明 ; 內在動機 ; 思考取向 ; 演化論 ; 創造力;Technological invention ; Creativity ; Evolution theory ; Intrinsic motivation ;Thinking orientation
Date: 2004
Issue Date: 2009-07-15 15:44:39 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 本研究以「變異-選擇-保存」的演化觀點為基礎,將發明歷程視為一種創造性的問題解決歷程,並結合文獻推測六項有利於發明的變項:內在動機、問題發現、多元主義、內化判準、辯證思考及環境機會,然後發展六個量表以比較臺灣地區發明家與高職教師之間的差異。發明家樣本為1994-1998年在國內與國際各項發明展的得獎者共143位,對照組樣本主要為高職工科教師共149位。研究結果發現:發明家組雖然在學校教育的受教年限方面顯著低於對照組,但在「內在動機」、「問題發現」、「內化判準」、「辯證思考」與「環境機會」五個量表上的得分都顯著高於對照組。整體結果,大致上與演化觀點的預測相符合,並透露了培育發明家的一些重要條件。 In the current study, technological invention is regarded as creative problem-solving process as well as evolutionary process. Based on this variation-selection-and-retention model of evolution, it was predicted that the following six variables are critical for technological invention: internal motivation, problem finding, pluralism, internalized criteria, dialectic thinking, and environmental opportunities. By these six variables, a sample of technological inventors was contrasted with a sample of teachers from vocational high schools. A total of 143 inventors who won famous national and international awards of invention composed the first group, while a total of 149 vocational high school teachers with engineering background composed the second group. The first group was found to gain significantly higher scores on the scales of internal motivation, problem finding, internalized criteria, dialectic thinking, and environmental opportunities than the second group did. In conclusion, most predictions based on the theory of evolution about technological invention were confirmed. A few implications for educational practice and future studies were derived accordingly.
Relation: 教育與心理研究 27(4),775-806
Journal of Education & Psychology
Data Type: article
Appears in Collections:[教育學系] 期刊論文
[教育與心理研究 TSSCI] 期刊論文

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