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Party-NPC Relations and the Future of Democracy in China
|Issue Date:||2009-07-29 21:55:27 (UTC+8)|
The People's Republic of China is not a democracy by Western standards, but the National People's Congress is gaining autonomy as a result of recent developments. Has the communist Party changed its operational code vis-à-vis the legislative organ? Would the incremental reforms carried out by the NPC lead to a change in the Leninist party-state structure? This paper tries to analyze the increasing autonomy of the NPC. It also examines the present nature and possible future development of party-NPC relations in China. There has been a clear change of voting pattern in the NPC. Opposition is increasing, as is absentee balloting. The CCP has ceased to act alone without consulting the legislative institution in advance. The CCP's rein over NPC deputies with party membership is in decline. In the near future, the NPC is set to undergo more technical reforms such as the amendment of its organic law and its Standing Committee’s. A draft of the Legislation Law is under review and, if passed, legislative powers will be more clearly stipulated. The more drastic changes-such as permitting the creation of an opposition party, introducing a more competitive electoral mechanism, and reforming the structures of the NPC and its standing committee-still remain remote dreams.
|Appears in Collections:||[國家發展研究所] 期刊論文|
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