Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://ah.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/31411


Title: 非政府組織與聯合國關係研究
Authors: 曾文怡
Contributors: 姜家雄
曾文怡
Keywords: 非政府組織
聯合國
國際組織
聯合國高峰會
世界資訊社會高峰會
Date: 2007
Issue Date: 2009-09-14 10:08:40 (UTC+8)
Abstract:   近年來在國際組織的研究領域中,非政府組織的重要性已逐漸提升,並提供學界觀察國際組織活動的新思考方向。文中針對非政府組織與聯合國關係為主軸,從非政府組織的定義及起源談起,推演至在國際各行為者中,以國際組織為非政府組織的主要交往對象,而聯合國為國際組織的龍頭之一,故非政府組織與聯合國的交往模式及影響層面,可為研究非政府組織的重要指標。

  非政府組織在聯合國各機構的地位及互動,包括經社會、大會、安理會等。以及如何參與聯合國舉辦的高峰會為文內詳述之核心問題。從非政府組織在聯合國的活躍程度來看,非政府組織已不僅是被動的參與聯合國事務的地位,已成為積極透過各種策略影響聯合國決策的重要角色之一,聯合國也由於包容非政府組織的在各議題及行動的參與,獲得世人更多認同,擴大了其組織的合法性。

  而非政府組織在2003及2005年聯合國為解決數位落差的高峰會「世界資訊社會高峰會」(World Summit of Information Society)的表現,顯示非政府組織在聯合國的地位確有攀升,且包括非政府組織參與的全球治理型態已然成型。
In recent years, NGO is not only getting more important within the International Organization research field but also provides a new perspective for the scholars. This dissertation aims at NGO and United Nations relations. Starting from NGO’s definition and origins, deduces that International Organization is the most important character that NGO should engage in. Among those International Organizations, United Nations is one of the biggest one so that how NGO participates in United Nations and what influences NGO could affect United Nations become a key issue.


In United Nations, including ECOSOC, General Assembly, Security Council, and Summit held by United Nation, NGO’s status and its interaction with those bodies are the core aspects here. From the achievements that NGO now reaches, it is no more than just play a passively character in United Nations. It has aggressively used lots of strategies to influence the decision making authorities. United Nations also benefits from NGO’s participation. More world citizens are considering that United Nation partly solves the democratic deficit problem and becomes more legal.

NGO’s contributions in World Summit of Information Society held to solve digital divide in 2003 and 2005, reflect NGO indeed play important part in United Nations. Global governance with NGO is now forming.
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劉超。〈非政府組織的興起與國際法律秩序的變塑〉。《現代法學》,第26卷第4期,2004年,頁116-121。
蘭華,袁沖。〈非政府組織與全球化〉。《山東社會科學》,第4期,2004年,頁52-56。
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左正東。〈從突尼斯到雅典:網路治理的未來〉。2005年11月30日。
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卓向榮。〈ICANN V.S. WSIS〉。
<http://www.nii.org.tw/arti_content.asp?id=7 >
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葉心慧。〈人道、紅十字〉。《經典》,七月號,2007年。
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二、英文部份
(一)專書
Arts, Bas, Math Noortmann and Bob Reinalda, eds. Non-State Actors in International Relations. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2001
Bendell, Jem. Debating NGO Accountability. United Nations, New York: NGLS, 2006.
Bernhardt, Rudolf ed. Encyclopedia of Public International Law. New York:
Elevier Science, 1995.
Boli, John, and George M. Thomas. Constructing World Culture: International Nongovernmental Organizations Since 1875. Standford: Stanford University Press, 1999.
Fitzduff, Mari, and Cheyanne Church, eds. NGOs at the Table-Strategies for Influencing Policies in Areas of Conflict. New York: Rowman & Littlefield, 2004.
Fox, Jonathan A. and David Brown, eds. The Struggle for Accountability: the World Bank, NGOs, and Grassroots Movements. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1998
Garner, Bryan A. ed. Black’s Law Dictionary, 7th ed. Minnesota: West, 1999.
Giddens, Anthony. The Third Way: the Renewal of Social Democracy. Malden: Polity Press, 1998.
Glasius, Marlies, Mary Kaldor and Helmut Anheier, eds. Global Civil Society 2002. New York: Oxford University Press, 2002.
Glasius, Marlies, Mary Kaldor and Helmut Anheier, eds. Global Civil Society 2005/6. London: SAGE, 2006.
Hulme, David, and Michael Edwards, eds. NGOs, States and Donors: Too Close for Comfort? New York: St. Martin's Press, 1997.
Keck, Margaret, and Kathryn Sikkink. Activists beyond Borders: advocacy Networks in International Politics. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1998.
Nye, Joseph S. and John D. Donhue, eds. Governance in a Globalizing World.
Washington: Brookings Institution Press, 2000
Pentikäinen, Antti. Creating Global Governance. Helsinki: Finnish UN Association, 2000.
Weiss, Thomas G. and Leon Gordenker. NGOs ,The UN, & Global Governance. Lynne Rienner Publishers, 1996.
Willetts, Peter, ed. The Conscience of the World: The Influence of Non-Governmental Organizations in the UN System. Washington: Brookings Institution Press, 1996.
Yearbook of International Organization. Brussels: Union of International Associations 1996/1997.
(二)期刊論文
Alger, Chadwick, F. “The Emerging Roles of NGOs in the UN System: From Article 71 to a People’s Millennium Assembly.” Global Governance 8 (January-March 2002): 97-113.
Alger, Chadwick, F. ”Evolving Roles of NGOs in Member State Decision-Making in the UN System.” Journal of Human Rights 2 (September 2003): 407-424.
Alger, Chadwick, F. ”Strengthening Relations between NGOs and the UN System: toward a Research Agenda.” Global Society 13 (October 1999): 393-409.
Aston, Jurij Daniel. “The United Nations Committee on Non-governmental Organizations: Guarding the Entrance to a Politically Divided House.” European Journal of International Law 12 (December 2001): 943-962.
Blackhurst, Richard. “The Future of the WTO: Some Comments on the Sutherland Report.” World Trade Review 4 (November 2005): 379-389.
Brooks, Christopher. “Faction in Movement: The Impact of Inclusivity on the Anti-Globalization Movements.” Social Science Quarterly 85 (September 2004): 559-577.
Caruso, Giuseppe “Conflict management and hegemonic practices in the World Social Forum 2004.” International Social Science Journal 56 (December 2004): 577-589.
Charnovitz, Steve. “The Emergence of Democratic Participation in Global Governance(Paris, 1919).” Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies 10 (Winter 2003): 45-77.
Description: 碩士
國立政治大學
外交研究所
93253011
96
Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0093253011
Data Type: thesis
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