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Title: An Analysis of Lexical Cohesion in Senior High School Student's Compositions
Authors: 諶慧敏
Hui-min Chen
Contributors: 尤雪瑛 博士
Dr. Hsueh-ying Yu
Hui-min Chen
Keywords: cohesion
lexical cohesion
Date: 2002
Issue Date: 2009-09-14 12:16:14 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 本研究利用質與量的方法分析高中英文作文字彙,旨在瞭解高中生如何利用字彙連貫整個文章及字彙連貫的運用是否會影響其作文之高低分。根據研究結果,筆者從教科書,教學活動及測驗角度提供可行方法以做英文作文教學參考。
The study aims to analyze high school students’ compositions to see how students exert lexical cohesive devices in their writings to achieve cohesion and to see if there is any difference in the use of lexical cohesive devices between high and low level students.
The study uses qualitative and quantitative analyses to check the use of six lexical cohesive devices: repetition, synonym, antonym, hyponym, general words and collocation. The researcher first observes frequencies of lexical cohesive devices to see how these devices are used in high and low level compositions. SPSS is used to see if there is any difference in the use of six lexical cohesive devices between the two level compositions. Finally, the researcher analyzes how the students use the six devices and tries to find the difference between high and low level compositions.
The result shows: (1) Repetition is the tie commonly used by high level and low- level students. (2) General words appear least in high level compositions and so does synonym in low level ones. (3) No difference is shown between high and low level students’ compositions in the use of repetition, antonym, general words and hyponyms. (4) High-level students are better at the use of synonym and collocations. High-level students have good skill to use these lexical devices, though there may be no statistics showing there is difference between the two level compositions.
To enhance teachers and students’ awareness of lexical cohesion, the researcher offers some pedagogical suggestions in terms of textbooks, activities and testing in the end of the study.
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