Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://ah.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/33341


Title: 一個不可說的故事:摩里森《寵兒》中的創傷敘述
An Unspeakable Story: Trauma Narrative in Toni Morrison’s Beloved
Authors: 許智偉
Hsu,Chih-wei
Contributors: 胡錦媛
Chin-yuan Hu
許智偉
Hsu,Chih-wei
Keywords: 摩里森
《寵兒》
創傷
記憶
創傷敘述
創傷治療
赫曼
佛洛伊德
Toni Morrison
Beloved
trauma
memory
trauma narrative
trauma healing
Judith Herman
Sigmund Freud
Date: 2007
Issue Date: 2009-09-17 16:19:26 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 《寵兒》(Beloved, 1987)是美國作家童妮‧摩里森(Toni Morrison)的第五本小說。如同她的前四本小說,《寵兒》關注的主題是黑人族群生活在美國所面臨的困境,探討非裔美國人如何在種族歧視的壓迫下求生存。與前四本小說不同的是,《寵兒》所敘述的故事發生在奴隸制度廢除之際,是摩里森第一次直接處理黑人在奴隸制度中遭受虐待的歷史事實。《寵兒》的主角是一群被解放的黑奴,摩里森藉著他們對過去的回憶來訴說奴隸制度對黑人族群所造成的集體創傷。受創的角色活在有關創傷的回憶中。他們不願去回想痛苦的過去,卻又被揮之不去的創傷記憶所纏繞。他們試著彼此扶持,並企圖走出受創的陰霾,找尋一個新的生活。
《寵兒》的故事以女主角柴特(Sethe)弒嬰的秘密為中心,加上其他黑奴的創傷記憶編織而成。既然小說本身是一個有關創傷的故事,批評家對《寵兒》的研究也就常涉及小說中的記憶、創傷與敘事風格。不過這些有關記憶、創傷與敘事的討論總是以種族或性別等議題為出發點,很少批評家純粹分析記憶、創傷與敘事在《寵兒》中的互動關係。有別於以往的研究,本論文試著以「創傷敘述」(trauma narrative)為主軸,採用佛洛伊德(Sigmund Freud)與赫曼(Judith Herman)的創傷理論來分析《寵兒》中記憶、創傷與敘事如何互相影響。首先,本論文探討創傷如何影響記憶的形成與敘事,以及創傷記憶為何是「一個不可說的故事」(an unspeakable story)。其次,本論文將創傷敘述的特色與《寵兒》中複雜難解的敘事風格相比較,討論摩里森如何運用創傷敘述的特色來再現小說中主角們難以啟齒的創傷記憶。最後,本論文討論創傷敘述與創傷治療(trauma healing)之間的關係,說明創傷敘述如何成為創傷治療過程中不可或缺的一環。
Beloved (1987) is Toni Morrison’s fifth novel. Like her first four novels, Beloved centers on the social injustice which the black people are confronted with in their lives, depicting how African Americans struggle to survive under the oppression of racism. What renders Beloved different is its subject—the history of slavery, which was never dealt with in Morrison’s novels. The main characters in Beloved are ex-slaves who have undergone the atrocities of slavery. By recounting the characters’ experiences, the novel represents the horrors of slavery and the atrocities traumatizing the black people. In their post-traumatic lives, the characters are trapped in their traumatic memory. Although they show reluctance to recall the painful past, the traumatized characters are haunted by their indelible memories. However, the story is not completely tragic since, in the end, the characters are not defeated by their trauma. They endeavor to support each other, trying to rid themselves of traumatic memory and to rebuild a new life.
The story of Beloved, which revolves around Sethe’s secret of infanticide, is constructed from the characters’ traumatic memory. Since the story is closely related to trauma, most critics explore Beloved in terms of memory, trauma, and its narrative style. However, critics often discuss only one or two topics of the above three. There are some critics analyzing the interrelation of memory, trauma and narrative in Beloved but their discussions are often the portions pertaining to the more extensive explorations based on the topic of history, race, or gender. Differing from these critical approaches, the present thesis adopts the concept of trauma narrative, using Sigmund Freud and Judith Herman’s trauma theories to analyze the interplay of trauma, memory, and narrative in Beloved. Firstly, the thesis discusses how the traumatic event affects the formation and narration of memory. The discussion also demonstrates why the traumatic memory is “an unspeakable story.” Secondly, the thesis compares the characteristics of trauma narrative with the intricate narrative of Beloved. The discussion centers on how Morrison adopts the characteristic of trauma narrative to represent a story of trauma. Lastly, the thesis explores the interrelation between trauma narrative and trauma healing. The discussion intends to clarify how trauma narrative becomes a prerequisite for trauma healing.
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Description: 碩士
國立政治大學
英國語文學研究所
90551001
96
Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0905510011
Data Type: thesis
Appears in Collections:[英國語文學系] 學位論文

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