Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://ah.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/33618


Title: 俄羅斯戰略火箭軍裁併之研究
Authors: 陳建志
CHEN, JIAN-ZHI
Contributors: 王定士
連弘宜
彼薩列夫




陳建志
CHEN, JIAN-ZHI
Keywords: 戰略火箭軍
軍事準則
克里姆林宮政治
謝爾蓋耶夫
克瓦什寧
Strategic Missile Forces
military doctrine
Kremlin politics
Igor Sergeyev
Anatoliy Kvashnin
Date: 2004
Issue Date: 2009-09-17 17:42:38 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 本論文旨試圖透過克里姆林宮政治暨嚇阻戰略研究途徑,剖析俄羅斯將獨立軍種「戰略火箭軍」裁併至空軍編制的原因。
本論文假設戰略火箭軍遭到裁併是基於下列兩項原因:
第一、俄羅斯武裝力量本身的態度與國內幾次重大政治鬥爭,導致俄羅斯必須修正軍事準則。
由於總統葉里欽在獨立初期,並沒有為俄羅斯的外交與國家安全政策領域構築一個法制化、有效率的決策系統,造成諸如國防部、外交部、總參謀部、聯邦安全會議、國防會議與國家軍事檢察署等相關機構,彼此間不斷爭奪軍事資源、議題詮釋權,政治鬥爭頻仍。另外,在某些政治危機中,例如1993年砲轟國會事件、第一次車臣戰爭以及1996年總統大選,葉里欽需要拉攏軍方支持以應付反對勢力,這就讓俄羅斯武裝力量有機會涉足克里姆林宮政治。結果是國家安全政策領域呈現各行其道、莫衷一是的混亂局面,並且有愈來愈多的政府官員對於在國家安全政策領域中攫取政治利益躍躍欲試。
其次,俄羅斯地緣政治環境的劇烈惡化導致龐大的反軍事改革勢力。
為了要在冷戰後與美國保持最低限度的戰略均勢狀態,好保障俄羅斯的國家利益及國際地位,並且順利解決因宗教或種族要素在俄羅斯或獨立國協境內所引發的區域戰爭或軍事衝突,有些官員諸如思科可夫、謝爾蓋耶夫等人主張俄羅斯應該繼續維持強大的戰略武力,特別是著名的戰略火箭軍。他們反對軍事改革以及裁減軍備。而由於當前國防預算困窘,葉里欽與普欽必須兩害相權取其輕,整肅拒絕裁軍的官員或是部隊。
在謝爾蓋耶夫與克瓦什寧激烈的政治鬥爭結束後,最後的贏家克瓦什寧終於如願以償,將戰略火箭軍予以裁併,由軍種單位降為兵種單位。不過俄羅斯的戰略武力仍然將在未來扮演極具影響力的角色。
The purpose of the thesis is to attempt to analyze the factors that exert great impact on the reduction of the Russian Strategic Missile Forces(SMF) in status from a separate branch of service to a separate command from the perspective of Kremlin politics and Strategy of Deterrence.
This thesis takes the position that the SMF has been reduced by two main motives:
First, the attitude of the Russian army and domestic political struggle has forced the Russian government to adjust its military doctrine.
Due to Yeltsin failing to set up a well-organized and efficient system for foreign and national security policy decision-making, so the struggle between the key ministries involved in foreign and security policy- the Foreign Ministry, the Ministry of Defense, the General Staff, the National Security Council, the Defense Council, the State Military Inspectorate- was hard. And in some political crises, such as the bloody event of Oct. 1993, the presidential election in 1996, and the crisis in Chechnya, Yeltsin needed army to defeat the counterforces. The Russian army has became more influential in politics. As a result, the decision-making process has been chaotic and confused, and various bureaucratic players have often been able to impose their their own special interests on the security policy agenda.
Second, the worsening geopolitical situation has brought about considerable resistance to the military reform.
In order to keep minimum strategic balance with the United States, ensure its national interest and international status and settle local wars or military conflicts caused by religion and ethnic conflicts within Russia’s own territory and Commonwealth of Independent States, some officials like Yuri Skokov and Igor Sergeyev advocated maintaining a strong nuclear deterrent force, especially the prominent role for the SMF. The president was likely to face considerable resistance to the reform. Owing to the current financial constraints on defense spending, Yeltsin and Putin carried out a purge of army officers who were against arms reduction.
After the hard political struggle between Igor Sergeyev and Anatoliy Kvashnin, the winner- Kvashnin demanded the SMF must be reduced in status from a separate branch of service to a separate command. But the Russian strategic force will still play influential role in the near future.
Reference: 壹、中文部分
一、書籍
畢英賢,新蘇聯:社會主義祖國在蛻變中 台北:時報文化,1991。
畢英賢編,蘇聯 台北:政治大學國際關係研究中心,1989。
畢英賢編,俄羅斯 台北:政治大學國際關係研究中心,1994。
譚文革、王美華、李亞華,絕望中奮起的戰神 俄羅斯軍隊 哈爾濱:黑龍江人民,1999。
戈巴契夫著,譚天譯,俄羅斯的教訓 台北:貓頭鷹,2001。
戈爾巴喬夫著,岑鼎山、何宏江譯,改革與新思維 香港:民主大學,1990。
高一中、吳福生譯,美國1997戰略評估 台北:國防部史政編譯局,1998。
顧德欣、牛永軍,核幽靈的震盪-二十世紀核問題回顧與思考 北京:國防大學,1999。
季辛吉著,紐先鐘譯,核子兵器與外交政策 台北:正中,1983。
軍事科學院外國軍事研究部,蘇聯軍事基本情況 北京:軍事科學,1999。
陳之驊,蘇聯史綱(1953-1964) 北京:人民,1996。
曹廷清、楊成竹,蘇聯簡史 台北:五南圖書,1993。
俄共第二十次代表大會重要報告及決議彙編 台北:陽明山莊,1956。
友誼主編,葉利欽時代的俄羅斯 軍事篇 北京:人民,2001。
殷雄、黃雪梅,世紀回眸:世界原子彈風雲錄 北京:新華,1999。
尹慶耀,獨立國協研究 以俄羅斯為中心 台北:幼獅,1995。
Dusko, Doder & Louise, Branson著,譚天譯,戈巴契夫傳 台北:聯經,1990。
The International Institute for Strategic Studies編,程竑譯,1980-1981世界各國戰略透視 台北:黎明文化,1982。
The International Institute for Strategic Studies編,王正已譯,一九八五-八六年世界各國戰略透視 台北:黎明文化,1988。
二、期刊
畢英賢,「美蘇莫斯科高峰會議」,問題與研究 27, 10, (台北:Jul 1988): 1-10。
畢英賢,「美蘇華盛頓高峰會議」,問題與研究 27, 4, (台北:Jan 1988): 11-22。
畢英賢,「劇變中的俄羅斯局勢」 問題與研究 32, 7, (台北:Jul 1993): 1-10。
畢英賢,「蘇聯的新政治思維與對外政策」,問題與研究 27, 2, (台北:Nov 1987): 18-28。
畢英賢,「俄羅斯國會改選之研析」,問題與研究 35, 4, (台北:Apr 1996): 28-40。
畢英賢,「俄羅斯總統選舉與政策動向」,問題與研究 35, 8, (台北:Aug 1996): 1-12。
龐大鵬,「俄羅斯新任國防部長謝․伊萬諾夫」,東歐中亞研究 4 (北京:Aug 2001): 85-6。
董曉陽,「從俄羅斯政治力量消長 看普京的核心地位」,東歐中亞研究 2 (北京:Apr 2001): 35-9。
李文盛、任德新,「評俄羅斯戰略核力量的調整」,現代軍事 307 (北京:Aug 2002): 45-6。
李玉珍,「車臣事件與俄羅斯聯邦的民族問題」,問題與研究 34, 8, (台北:Aug 1995): 35-46。
李玉珍,「俄羅斯府會之爭的探討」,問題與研究 37, 2, (台北:Feb 1998): 55-68。
林經緯,「俄羅斯聯邦安全會議之角色與功能」,問題與研究 35, 9, (台北:Sep 1996): 49-60。
陸南泉,「蘇聯走進衰亡的勃列日涅夫時期」,東歐中亞研究 6 (北京:Dec 2001): 64-81。
郭武平,「俄羅斯的憲政發展問題探討」,問題與研究 38, 8, (台北:Aug 1999): 37-59。
季志業,「新世紀初的俄羅斯局勢」,現代國際關係 1-2 (北京:Jan-Feb 2000): 39-42。
金家鎮,「蘇聯的戰略武力」,問題與研究 22, 1, (台北:Oct 1982): 45-62。
秦忠民,「核均勢消退,核威懾猶存」,現代軍事 16,11, (北京:Apr 1993): 33-8。
秦忠民,「收縮中的俄羅斯戰略核力量」,現代軍事 17, 4, (北京:Sep 1993): 42-5。
曉光,「九○年代俄羅斯軍事戰略的調整與變化」,東亞季刊 31, 3, (台北:Summer 2000): 95-132。
許相濤,「俄羅斯的政治發展 一九九○∼一九九六」,問題與研究 35, 12, (台北:Dec 1996): 29-58。
趙洪山、陳熙瑋,「原蘇軍的兵力、分布及現況」,世界知識 4 (北京:Feb 1992): 14。
趙春山,「論轉型階段的俄羅斯軍方角色」,東亞季刊 29, 3, (台北:Summer 1998): 1-28。
鄭承中,「蘇聯首次公開軍事預算之實況」,蘇聯問題研究 31, 1, (台北:Jan 1990): 2-8。
「俄羅斯高層的軍事改革角力」,國防譯粹 27, 11, (台北:Nov 2000): 82-5。
「俄羅斯國防工業的調整與發展」,現代軍事 16, 11, (北京:Apr 1993): 43-7。
尹慶耀,「『獨立國協』的軍事問題」,問題與研究 32, 2, (台北:Feb 1993): 61-73。
尹慶耀,「華沙條約組織的量變與質變」,問題與研究 8, 8, (台北:May 1969): 42-7。
尹慶耀,「前蘇聯軍事思想的演變」,問題與研究 32, 6, (台北:Jun 1993): 51-61。
尹慶耀,「蘇聯的軍事改革」,問題與研究 30, 1, (台北:Jan 1991): 46-56。
尹慶耀,「俄羅斯建軍問題」,問題與研究 32, 4, (台北:Feb 1993): 12-21。
揚志華,「俄羅斯聯邦仍是一個超級大國」,現代軍事 15, 12, (北京:Apr 1992): 55-8。
王佩瑛譯,「俄羅斯聯邦軍事準則基本章程」,立法院院聞月刊 (台北:Aug 1998):78-87。
王定士,「車臣戰爭研究:車臣戰爭決策中的克里姆林宮政治因素」,俄語學報 2 (台北:May 1999): 232-56。
王酈久,「美俄裁減戰略武器的進程及趨向」,現代國際關係 8 (北京:Aug 2000): 14-8。
王連成、劉華秋,「俄羅斯調整戰略核武庫-評俄延長兩型洲際導彈服役年限」,現代軍事 310 (北京:Nov 2002): 18-20。
王承宗,「車臣戰爭與車臣問題」,問題與研究 39, 6, (台北:Jun 2000): 1-29。
Dudney, Robert S. and Peter Grier著,劉廣華譯,「布希政府的核武藍圖」,國防譯粹 29, 6, (台北:Jun 2002): 48-55。
三、報紙
「爬上戰車 葉爾欽籲民眾抗拒」,聯合報 20 Aug 1991, p. 3。
「美俄戰略核武對照表」,聯合報 25 May 2002, p. 11。
丁連財,「蘇聯軍方角色的轉變」,中國時報 21 Aug 1991, p. 4。
杜文學、徐俊文,「普欽欲重振俄羅斯軍雄風」,中國國防報 11 May 2001, p. 2。
董更生編譯,「美俄簽署裁減核武新約」,聯合報 25 May 2002, p. 11。
「特遣部隊一律撤退」,中國時報 22 Aug 1991, p. 3。
南浦元,「1991年:蘇聯終止存在」,人民日報 31 Dec 1991, p. 7。
林寶慶,「美進行海基飛彈防禦測試」,聯合報 14 Jun 2002, p. 14。
「戈巴契夫發布人事令…」,中國時報 23 Aug 1991, p. 3。
「齊諾米爾丁接任副總統」,聯合報 5 Oct 1993, p. 9。
蕭羨一,「車臣反抗份子挾持人質危機大事紀」,聯合報 2 Sep 2004, p. 14。
「政爭十三日」,聯合報 5 Oct 1993, p. 9。
朱邦賢,「俄政壇聞人 雷別德墜機身亡」,聯合報 29 Apr 2002, p. 10。
「三日風雲巨變」,明報 22 Aug 1991, p. 4。
孫占林,「戰略火箭軍去留之爭」,人民日報 14 Aug 2000, p. 6。
「俄將裁減核武 補強傳統軍備」,自由時報 14 Aug 2000, p. 10。
「伊法諾夫談俄對外政策新構想」,解放軍報 11 Jul 2000, p. 5。
楊清順編譯,「俄內閣改組 文人接任國防部長」,聯合報 29 Mar 2001, p. 11。
王麗娟編譯,「俄退出第二階段限武條約」,聯合報 15 Jun 2002, p. 13。
王嘉源,「普丁改組內閣 強化國安事務控制權」,中國時報 30 Mar 2001, p. 10。
四、網路資料
「美宣布已旅行第一階段削減戰略武器條約義務」,人民網,6 Dec 2001, http://www.people.com.cn/GB/guoji/22/86/20011206/620997.html。
杜墨,「邪惡軸心論 反恐公約更分歧」,自由時報新聞網,9 Feb 2002, http://www.libertytimes.com.tw/2002/new/feb/9/today-int4.htm。
羅森堡,「戈爾巴喬夫回顧蘇聯解體」,BBC Chinese.com, 25 Dec 2001, http://news.bbc.co.uk/chinese/trad/hi/newsid_1720000/newsid_1728100/1728121.stm。
「今年一至十月俄羅斯外貿總值達1293億3100萬美元」,台北莫斯科經濟文化協調委員會駐莫斯科代表處 經濟組,17 Dec 2001, http://www.trade.gov.tw/richspeed/speedcontent.asp?bbb=40130&aaa=c033&ccc=70。
亓樂義,「『中』俄聯合軍演 對共軍具重要意義」,中國時報,8 Aug 2000, http://forums.chinatimes.com.tw/report/bargain/htm/89080811.asp。
「戰略防衛計劃」,大英簡明百科知識庫,http://wordpedia.britannica.com/concise/content.aspx?id=15352&hash=QTJddS%2bCrPcm3vzTzejwKg%3d%3d&t=2。
「專家警告俄國須提防經濟危機」,台北莫斯科經濟文化協調委員會駐莫斯科代表處 經濟組,22 Dec 2000, http://www.trade.gov.tw/richspeed/speedcontent.asp?bbb=15561&aaa=c033&ccc=126。
「再看俄羅斯二○○○年經濟」,台北莫斯科經濟文化協調委員會駐莫斯科代表處 經濟組,13 Feb 2001, http://www.trade.gov.tw/richspeed/speedcontent.asp?bbb=18799&aaa=c033&ccc=123。
「從普亭就職談世紀交關的俄羅斯經濟」,經濟部 主要國家經貿政策月刊,http://www.moea.gov.tw/~ecobook/masterna/8907/2-1.htm。
「俄羅斯聯邦軍事學說要點」,中國國防科技信息中心,http://www.hub.cetin.net.cn/info/commentnew.asp?infoid=91。
「俄羅斯國防部長 謝爾蓋耶夫」,新華網,http://big5.xinhuanet.com/gate/big5/news.xinhuanet.com/mil/2001-02/27/content_7111.htm。
「俄羅斯經改十年,GDP衰退27%」,台北莫斯科經濟文化協調委員會駐莫斯科代表處 經濟組,9 Nov 2001, http://www.trade.gov.tw/richspeed/speedcontent.asp?bbb=37365&aaa=c033&ccc=103。
「俄羅斯軍事實力介紹(二) 軍種的編制」,中國軍網,http://www.chinamil.com.cn/site1/ztpd/2004-09/07/content_4793.htm。
「俄國總統普丁國情咨文摘要」,台北莫斯科經濟文化協調委員會駐莫斯科代表處 經濟組,13 Jul 2000, http://www.trade.gov.tw/richspeed/speedcontent.asp?bbb=6322&aaa=c033&ccc=496。
「俄軍重返太空 全球競賽升溫」,自由電子新聞網,22 May 2001, http://www.libertytimes.com.tw/2001/new/may/22/today-int3.htm。
歐陽承新,「從普欽就職談世紀交關的俄羅斯經濟」,經濟部 主要國家經貿政策分析月刊,9 Oct 1998, http://www.moea.gov.tw/~ecobook/masterna/8907/2-1.htm。
「異乎尋常的公開論戰」,中國商品交易中心,http://www.ccec.com.cn/news/pol/guow/yihu.html。
「亞西地區 俄羅斯國情詳細內容」,中華民國外交部,http://www.mofa.gov.tw/webapp/ct.asp?xItem=102&ctnode=423。
魏吟慎,「俄羅斯政府的負債額占GDP的55%∼60%」,台北莫斯科經濟文化協調委員會駐莫斯科代表處 經濟組,5 Dec 2001, http://www.trade.gov.tw/richspeed/speedcontent.asp?bbb=39313&aaa=c033&ccc=87。
王定士,「俄羅斯政經危機與新內閣動向評析」,靜宜大學 新聞深度分析簡訊,9 Oct 1998, http://www.pu.edu.tw/~gec/news57.htm。
「1990年7月:葉利欽退黨」,BBC Chinese.com, 21 Dec 2001, http://news.bbc.co.uk/chinese/trad/hi/newsid_1700000/newsid_1706400/1706425.stm。
貳、英文部分
一、書籍
Arms Control and Disarmament Agreements: Texts and Histories of Negotiation. Washington D. C. : United States Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, 1980.
Aron, Leon. The Emergent Priorities of Russian Foreign Policy. Washington D. C. : USA Institute of Peace Presses, 1997.
Babbage, Ross. The Soviets in the Pacific in the 1990s. Australia: Pergamon Press, 1989.
Baranovsky, Vladmir. Russia and Europe: The Emerging Security Agenda. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997.
Barylski, Robert V.. The Soldier in Russian Politics: Duty, Dictatorship and Democracy under Gorbachev and Yeltsin. New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers, 1998.
Blackaby, Frank and Jozef Goldblat eds.. No First Use. London: Taylor and Francis, 1984.
Blank, Stephen J.. Russia’s Armed Forces on The Brink of Reform. Carlisle Barracks: U. S. Army War College, 1998.
Blank, Stephen. The Russian Military Is Time Running Out? Washington D. C. : JINSA, 1998.
Brams, Steven J.. & D. Marc Kilgour. Game Theory and National Security. New York: Basil Blackwell, 1988.
Breslauer, George W.. Khrushchev and Brezhnev as Leaders: Building Authority in Soviet Politics. London: George Allen & Unwin, 1982.
Brodie, Bernard. Strategy in the Missile Age. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1959.
Brown, Seyom. The Faces of Power. New York: Columbia University Press, 1983.
Byzgalin, Alexander and Andrei Kolganov, trans by Renfrey Clarke. Bloody October in Moscow: Political Repression in the Name of Reform. New York: Monthly Review Press, 1994.
Chang, Gordon H.. Friends and Enermies: The United States, China and the Soviet Union 1948-1972. Standford: Standford University Press, 1999.
Colton, Timothy J.. Patterns in Post-Soviet Leadership. Colorado: Westview Press, 1995.
Colton, Timothy J. and Robert Legvold eds.. After the Soviet Union: From Empire to Nations. New York: W. W. Norton, 1992.
Dinerstein, H. S.. Soviet Strategic Ideas: January 1960. Santa Monica: RAND, 1960.
Donley, Michael ed.. SALT Handbook. Washington D. C. : Heritage Foundation, 1979.
Erikson, John ed.. Military-Technical Revolution: Its Impact on Strategy and Foreign Policy. New York: Praeger, 1966.
Galeotti, Mark. The Age of Anxiety: Security and Politics in Soviet and Post-Soviet Russia. Boston: Addison-Wesley Pub. Co., 1995.
Gallagher, Matthew P. and Karl F. Spielmann Jr.. Soviet Decision Making forDefense. New York: Praeger, 1972.
Gorbachev, Mikhail S.. Perestoika: New Thinking for Our Country and the World. U. K. : William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd., 1987.
Holloway, David. The Soviet Union and the Arms Race. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1984.
Horelick, Arnold L. and Myron Rush. Strategic Power and Soviet Foreign Policy. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1966.
Kissinger, Henry A.. The White House Years. Boston: Little Brown & Co., 1979.
Lambeth, Benjamin S.. The Warrior Who Would Rule Russia: A Profile of Aleksandr Lebed. Santa Monica: RAND, 1996.
Larrabee, F. Stephen and Theodore W. Karasik. Foreign and Security Policy Decisionmaking Under Yeltsin. Santa Monica: RAND, 1997.
Mandelbaum, Michael and Strobe Talbott. Reagan and Gorbachev. New York: Random House Inc., 1987.
Mcbride, James H.. ThetTest Ban Traety. Chicago: Henry Regnery Company, 1967.
Odom, William. The Collapse of Soviet Military. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1998.
Oznobistchev, Sergey. The Situation in Russia Today. Alexandria: Center for Naval Analysis, 1998.
Parrot, Bruce. The Soviet Union and Ballistic Missle Defense. Boulder: Westview Pr., 1987.
Payne Jr., Samuel B.. The Soviet Union And SALT Mass. Cambridge: The MIT Press, 1980.
Ponton, Geoffrey. the Soviet Era: Soviet Politics from Lenin to Yeltsin. Cambridge: Blackwell Publishers, 1994.
Rogov, S.. Military Reform and the Defense Budget of the Russian Federation. Alexandria: Center for Naval Analysis, 1997.
Russian Military Prospects. Stockholm: Swedish Defense Research Establishment’s Conference, 1998.
Schelling, T. C.. The Strategy of Conflict. Boston: Harvard University Press, 1960.
Schlesinger, Arthur M. ed.. Dynamics of World Power: Documentary History of U. S. Foreign Policy 1945-1973. New York: Chelsea House Publishers, 1973.
Scott, Harriet F. & Scott, Williams F.. The Armed Force of USSR. Boulder: Westview Press, 1984.
Scott, Harriet F.. Soviet Military Doctrine: Its Continuity 1960-1970. Westport: Hyperion Press, 1981.
Shlykov, Vitaly V.. Shlykov, The Crisis in the Russian Economy. Carlisle Barracks: U. S. War College, 1997.
Skilling, Gerdon H. & Franklyn Griffiths, eds.. Interest Groups in Soviet Politics. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1971.
Sogrin, F.. The Political History of Contemporary Russian 1985-1994. Moscow: Progress-Academy, 1994.
Sokolovsky, V. D. et al., eds.. Military Strategy: Soviet Doctrine and Concepts. New York: Praeger, 1963.
Soviet Foreign Policy in the 1980s. New York: Praeger Publishers, 1982.
Staar, Richard F.. The New Military in Russian. Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1996.
Stockholm International Peace Research Institute Yearbook 1983. New York: Oxford University Press, 1983.
Talbott, Strobe. Endgame: Inside Story of SALT II. New York: Harper and Row, 1979.
The Strategic Arms Limitation Talks, Special Report 46. United States: Department of State/Burteau of Public Affairs, 1979.
Valenta, Jiri and William C. Potter, eds.. Soviet Decisionmaking for National Security. London: Allen and Unwin, 1984.
Vernon, Graham D. ed.. Soviet Perceptions of War and Peace. Washington, D. C. : National Defense University Press, 1981.
Waller, J. Michael. Secret Empire. Boulder: Westview Press, 1994.
Warner III, Edward L.. The Military in Contemporary Soviet Politics. New York: Praeger Publishers, 1978.
White, Stephen, Alex Pravda and Zvi Gitelman, eds.. Developments in Russian & Post-Soviet Politics. London: The Macmillan Press, 1994.
二、期刊
“Attack by Lebed on Kulikov.” Keesing’s Record of World Events 42, 7/8, (Cambridge: Aug 1996): 41235.
“A Khaki October-The Defense Minister Answer MK’s Question.” The Current Digest of Post-Soviet Press XLV, 40, (Moscow: Nov 1993): 12.
Bazhanov, Yevgeni. “Top Priorities for Russian Foreign Policy.” New Times (Moscow: Oct 1995): 32-4.
Blank, Stephen. “Yeltsin Fosters a Military Threat to Democracy.” Transition 2, 16, (Brussels: Aug 1996): 11-15.
Burt, Richard. “The Scope and Limit of SALT.” Foreign Affairs 56, 4, (New York: Jul 1978): 751-70.
Chernov, Vladislav. “Significance of the Russian Military Doctrine.” Comparative Strategy 13, 1, (New York: Spring 1994): 161-6.
“Death of Dudayev.” Keesing’s Record of World Events 42, 4, (Cambridge: Apr 1996): 41061.
“Decree on a State of Emergency in Moscow.” The Current Digest of Post-Soviet Press XLV, 40, (Moscow: Nov 1993): 4-5.
Dick, C. J.. “A Bear Without Claws: The Russian Army in the 1990s.” The Journal of Slavic Military Studies (Oxfordshire :Mar 1997): 1-20.
“Dissent within Military over Invasion.” Keesing’s Record of World Events 40, 11/12, (Cambridge: Dec 1994): 40325.
Efimov, Nikolai. “The Army, Society and Reforms.” Russian Politics and Law 34, 4, (New York: Jul-Aug 1996): 6-22.
Gaddy, Clifford G. and Barry W. Ickes. “Russia’s Virtual Economy.” Foreign Affairs 77, 5, (New York: Sep-Oct 1998): 53-67.
Galeotti, Mark. “Decline & Fall: Crisis Continues for Russia’s Army.” Jane’s Intelligence Review 10, 6, (Surrey: Jun 1998): 3-5.
Galeotti, Mark. “Decline & Fall: Uniting Russia’s Nuclear Forces.” Jane’s Intelligence Review 11, 4, (Surrey: Nov 1999): 8-9.
Galeotti, Mark. “Eastern Watch: The Russian Army in Chechenya.” Jane’s Intelligence Review 11, 12, (Surrey: Dec 1999): 8-9.
“Government changes.” Keesing’s Record of World Events 42, 1, (Cambridge: Jan 1996): 40909-10.
Gustafson, Thane and Dawn Mann. “Gorbachev’s First Year: Building Power & Authority.” Problem of Communism 35, 3, (Washington D. C. : May-Jun 1986): 1-19.
“New Defence and Interior Ministers.” Keesing’s Record of World Events 47, 3, (Cambridge: Mar 2001): 44072.
Odom, William E.. “The Soviet Military in Transition.” Problems of Communism 39, 3, (Washington D. C. : May-Jun 1990): 51-71.
Parrish, Scott. “Enter Lebed, Exit the Hard-Liners.” Transition (Brussels: Jul 1996): 8-11.
Parrott, Bruce. “Soviet National Security Under Gorbachev.” Problems of Communism 37, 6, (Washington D. C. : Nov-Dec 1988): 1-36.
Rush, Myron. “The War Danger in Soviet Policy and Propaganda.” Comparative Strategy 8, 1, (New York: Spring 1989): 1-9.
Scott, Harriet Fast. “Red Star in Motion.” Air Force Magazine (Arlington: Mar 1985): 58-63.
Shevtsova, Lilia. “The August Coup and the Soviet Collapse.” Survival 34, 1, (London: Spring 1992): 5-18.
Soofer, Robert H.. “SDI and Deterrence: A Western Perspective.” Comparative Strategy 7, 1, (New York: Spring 1988): 17-38.
Sullivan, David S.. “A SALT Debate: Continued Soviet Deception.” Strategic Review 7, 3, (Washington D. C. : Fall 1979): 29-38.
Tarsakanov, Andrei. “The Rise of Russia’s ‘Military Opposition’.” Transition 2, 16, (Brussels: Aug 1996): 6-10.
Wettig, Gerhard. “Dimensions of Soviet Arms Control Policy.” Comparative Strategy 7, 1, (New York: Sprung 1988): 1-15.
White, Stephen. “Yeltsin’s Kingdom or Parliament’s Playground?” Current History 92, 576, (Philadephia: Oct 1993): 309-13.
White, Stephen, Matthew Wyman and Oleg Kyshtanovskaya. “Parties and Politics in Post-Communist Russia.” Communist and Post-Communist Studies 28, 2, (Los Angeles: Jun 1995): 183-202.
Zakaria, Fareed. “The Reagan Strategy of Containment.” Political Science Quarterly 105, 3, (New York: Fall 1990): 373-95.
Zamascikov, Sergei. “Gorbachev and the Soviet Military.” Comparative Strategy 7, 3, (New York: Fall 1988): 227-51.
三、報紙
“Leading Members of the State Committee for the State of Emergency.” International Herald Tribune 20 Aug 1991, p. 6.
Lelyveld, Michael S.. “Russian-Israeli Deal Hints at Mid-East Realignment.” Journal of Commerce 22 Dec 1995, p. 1.
Tolz, Vera. “Problem in Building Democratic Institutions in Russia.” RFE/RL Research Report 4 Mar 1994, p. 2.
Tolz, Vera. “Russia’s Parliamentary Elections: What Happened and Why.” RFE/RL Research Report 14 Jan 1994, p. 3.
四、網路資料
Arbatov, Alexei. “Russian Military Doctrine and Strategic Nuclear Forces to the Year 2000 and Beyond.” Federation of American Scientist, http://www.fas.org/nuke/guide/russia/doctrine/arbatov.htm.
Cavan, Susan J.. “Special Report on Government Dismissal: A Chronology.” Institute for the Study of Conflict, Ideology, and Policy, Boston University, Apr 1998, http://www.bu.edu/iscip/digest/vol3/ed0306.html.
Cavan, Susan J.. “Yel'tsin finally begins his second term.” Institute for the Study of Conflict, Ideology, and Policy, Boston University, 5 Mar 1997, http://www.bu.edu/iscip/digest/vol2/ed4.html.
“Chernomyrdin Praises Missile Troops at News Conference.” Federation of American Scientist, 21 Feb 1997, http://www.fas.org/news/russia/1997/fbuma12161997001142.htm.
“Chronology of events.” Centre for Russian studies, Norwegian institute of international affairs, http://www.nupi.no/cgi-win/Russland/krono.exe?1779.
Cohen, Ariel. “The Succession Struggle Begins in Russia.” The Heritage Foundation, 13 Aug 1996, http://www.heritage.org/Research/RussiaandEurasia/EM457.cfm.
“Dedicated to the second anniversary of the Kursk disaster.” On-Line Pravda, http://english.pravda.ru/society/2002/08/12/34337.html.
“Economic crisis slowed down Russia"s development by 30 years.” On-Line Pravda, http://english.pravda.ru/main/18/89/357/13033_crisis.html.
Foye, Stephen. “Russia’s Unpopular Defense Minister Survives Latest Government Shuffle.” Post-Soviet Prospects, Jul 1995, http://www.csis.org/ruseura/psp/pspiii7.html.
“Greater Attention Pledged to Russian Triad’s Naval Leg.” Center for Nonproliferation Studies, CNS, http://cns.miis.edu/pubs/week/020304.htm.
“Intelligence Related Laws and Edicts.” Federation of American Scientists, http://www.fas.org/irp/world/russia/docs/.
Kipp, Jacob. “The Russian Military and the 1995 Parliamentary Elections: A Primer.” Foreign Military Studies Office, 5 Oct 1995, http://call.army.mil/fmso/fmsopubs/issues/ruselec.htm.
“Leaders of Russia(Russian Federation).” Zate’s Political Collections, ZPC,
http://www.terra.es/personal2/monolith/russia.htm.
“Lebed’s “political counterbalances” enhance their influence on the president.” National News Service, http://www.nns.ru/chronicle/archive/soviet1-e.html.
“Letter of February 1999: Uniting Supreme Command of Strategic Deterrence Forces is a Source of Contradictions in the Ministry of Defense.” PIR Arms Control Letters, http://www.pricenter.org/acl/messages/57.html.
“Marshal Reformer Locked in Strategic Conflict.” The Russia Journal, http://russiajournal.com/start/analysis/article_ 4_1208.htm.
Naftali, Timothy. “Cuban Missile Crisis Highlights: Origins.” University of Virginia, http://millercenter.virginia.edu/pubs/kremlin/kremlin_origins.pdf.
“Oleg Ivanovich Lobov.”Archontology.org, http://www.archontology.org/nations/rus/rus_govt2/lobov.php.
“President Putin-s ?soft¦ appointments: the Kremlin seems to be taking control of power structures.” On-Line Pravda, http://english.pravda.ru/politics/2001/03/29/3209.html.
“Program Summary for 24/8/98.” CBC radio, 24 Aug 1998, http://www.cbc.ca/insite/WORLD_REPORT_TORONTO/1998/8/24.html.
“RT-2UTTH-Topol-M SS-27.” Federation of American Scientists, http://www.fas.org/nuke/guide/russia/icbm/rt-2pmu.htm.
“RT-21M / SS-20 SABER.” Global security org., http://www.globalsecurity.org/wmd/world/russia/rt-21m.htm.
“Russia The Security Council.” Russians Abroad, http://www.russiansabroad.com/russian_history_294.html.
“Russia, USA signed START II 10 years ago.” On-Line Pravda, 3 Jan 2003, http://english.pravda.ru/diplomatic/2003/01/03/41576.html.
“Russians support Putin.” On-Line Pravda, http://english.pravda.ru/main/2001/03/28/.
“Russian Defence Minister On Strategic Missile Forces Reform.” On-Line Pravda, http://english.pravda.ru/politics/2001/12/17/23804.html.
“Russian Mp Thinks Russia Should Review Its Programme For Developing Strategic Forces.” On-Line Pravda, http://english.pravda.ru/politics/2001/12/17/23823.html.
“Russian’s Military Doctrine.” Free Republic.com, May 2000, http://www.freerepublic.com/forum/a394aa0466bfe.htm.
“Sergei Kiriyenko, former Prime Minister of the Russian Federation: Russia Chat to discuss the Russian elections.” CNN.com, 23 Mar 2000, http://www.cnn.com/COMMUNITY/transcripts/2000/3/sergei/.
Shlykov, Vitaly. “The War in Chechnya: Implications for Military Reform and Creation of Mobile Forces.” Global Security.org, http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/library/report/1995/shl.htm.
Sokov, Nikolai. “Russia's 2000 Military Doctrine.” Nuclear Threat Initiative, Jul 2004, http://www.nti.org/db/nisprofs/over/doctrine.htm.
“Strategic Missile Troops.” Federation of American Scientist, http://www.fas.org/nuke/guide/russia/agency/rvsn.htm.
“Strategic Missile Troops Increase Combat Capability.” Federation of American Scientist, http://www.fas.org/news/russia/1997/fbuma12161997001142.htm.
“Text of Strategic Offensive Reductions Treaty.” The White House, http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2002/05/20020524-3.html.
“The Basic Provisions of the Military Doctrine of the Russian Federation.” Federation of American Scientists, http://www.fas.org/nuke/guide/russia/doctrine/russia-mil-doc.html.
Traynor, Ian. “Moscow delays military revamp.” The Russia Journal, http://www.therussiajournal.com/index.htm?obj=4098.
“Treaty between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on the limitation of strategic offensive arms, together with agreed statements and common understandings regarding the treaty*.” Federation of American Scientists, http://www.fas.org/nuke/control/salt2/text/salt2-2.htm.
Volk, Evgueni. “Who’s Who is Primakov’s New Russian Government.” The Heritage Foundation, http://www.heritage.org/Research/RussiaandEurasia/BG1232.cfm.
Woolf, Amy F.. “91139: Strategic Arms Reduction Treaties (START I & II): Verification and Compliance Issues.” Federation of American Scientist, http://www.fas.org/spp/starwars/crs/91-139.htm#back.
Yakovlev, Vladimir Nikolayevich. “The SMF's Special Mission.” Federation of American Scientists, http://www.fas.org/news/russia/1997/drsov137_s97017.htm.
“Yeltsin fires defense minister over stalled reforms.” CNN.com, http://www.cnn.com/WORLD/9705/22/russia/.
“1999: Putin takes over as Yeltsin resigns.” BBC NEWS, 31 Dec 1999, http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/december/31/newsid_4102000/4102107.stm.
Description: 碩士
國立政治大學
俄羅斯研究所
88263001
93
Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0088263001
Data Type: thesis
Appears in Collections:[俄羅斯研究所] 學位論文

Files in This Item:

File Description SizeFormat
26300101.pdf62KbAdobe PDF1066View/Open
26300102.pdf100KbAdobe PDF891View/Open
26300103.pdf151KbAdobe PDF966View/Open
26300104.pdf161KbAdobe PDF984View/Open
26300105.pdf368KbAdobe PDF1388View/Open
26300106.pdf554KbAdobe PDF3618View/Open
26300107.pdf481KbAdobe PDF2151View/Open
26300108.pdf519KbAdobe PDF1653View/Open
26300109.pdf502KbAdobe PDF1902View/Open
26300110.pdf224KbAdobe PDF1030View/Open
26300111.pdf273KbAdobe PDF1403View/Open
26300112.pdf207KbAdobe PDF1111View/Open
26300113.pdf188KbAdobe PDF1050View/Open
26300114.pdf178KbAdobe PDF998View/Open
26300115.pdf125KbAdobe PDF922View/Open


All items in 學術集成 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.


社群 sharing