Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://ah.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/34387


Title: 不同來源外資企業在中國生產效率之比較-以工業部門為例
Authors: 林昇誼
Contributors: 黃智聰
林昇誼
Keywords: 中國
外資企業
技術效率
製造業
Date: 2002
Issue Date: 2009-09-18 10:07:51 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 關 鍵 詞:中國、外資企業、技術效率、製造業
本文研究的目的,主要再一次確認台港澳企業與其他外資企業,在中國製造業的生產績效的差異。陳永生(2001)以文化的角度切入,指出華裔企業在1997年的投資績效要優於非華裔企業。該文更進一步指出,因華裔企業與中國的文化相近,致使其投資績效是進步的,而非華裔企業是退步的。但高長(1996)卻發現,美商、日商等其他外資企業的獲利性比港澳企業高,而台資企業的獲利性則較港澳資企業差,經營績效表現之有所差異,文化並不是影響華裔企業與非華裔企業經營績效的最主要因素。由於兩種立論各有其依據。因此,本文使用Battese and Coelli(1995)所提出的實証模型,以及利用1993、1994與1997年《中國統計年鑑》、《中國工業經濟統計年鑑》所提供的中國各地區的官方統計資料,估計隨機邊界生產函數(stochastic frontier production function)。
本文主要的研究發現為,在控制了其它因素之後,台港澳企業與其他外資企業的生產績效在1993與1997兩年並無顯著的差異。但是,在1994年台港澳企業的生產績效卻較其他外資企業要來的低落。這隱含文化因素並沒有使台港澳資企業的生產技術效率,明顯地高於其它外資企業。
台港澳企業與其他外資企業的經營績效的確有差異,但是造成外資企業生產效率差異的影響因素,主要是是企業的規模、資本密集度、以及是否為沿海地區。外資企業的生產規模越大,生產績效越高。中國的外商企業,似乎有過度使用資本的情況,致使其生產效率隨著資本密集度的增加而下降。另外,沿海外資企業生產效率較內地者為佳。但是,台港澳企業與其它外資企業,因歷史、文化及語言差異而造成在生產效率上的差異並不顯著。也就是說,歷史、文化及語言上的差異,並不是造成台港澳企業生產績效較好的原因。而這一個研究發現,並無法支持陳永生(2001)認為,歷史、文化及語言上的差異,是造成台港澳企業生產績效較好的原因的結論。
Title:A Comparison of Technical Efficiency of Production among
Different Sources of Foreign-Funded Enterprises—A Case of China’s Manufacturing Sector
School:Sun Yat-Sen Graduate Institute of Social Sciences and Humanities, National Chengchi University)
Advisor:Jr-Tsung Huang
Author:Sheng-Yi Lin
Keywords:China, foreign-funded enterprises, manufacturing sector, technical efficiency

This study aims to investigate the difference between the technical efficiency of Taiwan, Hong-Kong and Macao enterprises (THM, hereafter) and that of foreign enterprises from other countries (FOR, hereafter) in China’s manufacturing sector. This study utilizes the empirical methodology model proposed by Battese and Coelli (1995) and the industrial-based panel data from 1993~1994 and from 1997 provided by various years of China Statistical Year Book and China Industrial Economy Statistical Year Book to estimate the stochastic frontier production function. The primary finding of this study is that, after controlling other explanatory variables, there is no difference in technical efficiency between THM and FOR in 1993 and 1997.
However, the technical efficiency of FOR was better than that of THM in 1994. This result also implies that the cultural factor didn’t help the technical efficiency of THM to be better than that of FOR. This result is quite different with the conclusion of Cheng (2001).
Reference: 一、英文文獻
Aigner, D. J. Lovell, C.A.K. and Schmidt, P. (1977), “Formulation and Estimation of Stochastic Frontier Production Function Models,” Journal of Economics, 6 , pp.21-37.
Aigner, D.J. and Chu, S.F. (1968), “On Estimating the Industry Production Function,” American Economic Review, 58, pp. 568-598.
Ambler, Steve. and Paquet, Alain. (1994), “Stochastic Depreciation and theBusiness Cycle, ” International Economic Review, 35(1), pp.101-116.
Battese, G. E. and Coelli, T. J. (1995), “A Model for Technical Inefficiency Effects in a Stochastic Frontier Production Function for Panel Data,” Empirical Economics, 20(2), pp. 325-32.
Blomstrom, M. and Wolff, E. (1989), “Multinational Corporations and Productivity Convergency in Mexico,” National Bureau of Economic Research, Working Paper# 3141, MA :Cambridge.
Blomstrom, M. and Persson, H. (1983), “Foreign Investment and Spillover Efficiency in an Underdeveloped Economy:Evidence from the Mexican Manufacturing Industry,” World Development, 11(6), pp. 493-501.
Caves, R. E.(1974), “Multinational Firms, Competition, and Productivity in Host-Country Markets,” Economica, 41, pp. 176-193.
Chung, C. (1994), “Taiwan's FDI in Mainland China: Impact on the Domestic and Host Economies,” in Lyons, T. P. and V. Nee (eds.), The Economic Transformation of South China:Reform and Development in the Post-Mao Era. Cornell East Asia Series, Ithaca:Cornell University, East Asia Program, pp. 215-242.
Cooper, W. and Tone, K. (1997), “Measures of Inefficiency in Date Envelopment analysis and Stochastic Frontier Estimation,” European Journal of Operational Research, 98, pp. 72-88.
Dees, S. (1998), “Foreign Direct Investment in China: Determinants and Effects,” Economics of Planning, 31(2-3), pp. 175-194.
Doowon, Lee and Youngrok, Cheong. (1999), “Comparison of FDI Into CHINA Between Korean Firms and Ethnic Chinese Firms,” Global Economic Review, 28(1), pp. 28-53.
Dunningn, John. H. (1993), “Multional Enterprises and the Global Economy,” England Working-ham Addison Wesley Publisher.
Farell, M.J. (1957), “The Measurement of Productive Efficiency,” Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series, Part 3,A, pp. 253-290.
Globerman, S. (1979), “Foreign Investment and ‘Spillover Efficiency Benefits in Canadian Manufacturing Industries,” Canadian Journal of Economics, 12, pp. 42-56.
Greene, W.H. (1980), “Maximum Likelihood Estimation of Econometric Frontier Functions,” Journal of Econometrics, 13, pp. 27-56.
Gunnar, Myrdal (1956), “Development and unDevelopment:A Note on the Mechanism of National and International Inequality,” Cario:National Bank of Egypt, pp. 9-10.
Haddad, M. and Harrison, A. (1993), “Are Three Positive Spillovers from Direct Foreign Investment:Evidence from Panel Data for Morocco,” Journal of Development Economics, 42, pp. 51-74.
Huang, Jr, Tsung. (2003), “Spillover from Taiwan, Hong Kong, and Macau Investment and from Other Foreign Investment in Chinese Industries.” Contemporary Economic Policy, forthcoming.
Jefferson, G. H. (2000), “Ownership, Productivity Change, and Financial Performance in Chinese Industry,” Journal of Comparative Economics, 28(4), pp. 786-813.
Kokko, A. (1994), “Technology, Market Characteristic, and Spillover,” Journal of Development Economics, 43, pp. 279-293.
Kokko, A, Tansini, R. and Zejan, M.C. (1996), “Local Technological Capability and Productivity Spillovers from FDI in the Uruguayan Manufacturing Secto,” Journal of Development Studies, 32(4), pp. 602-611.
Mckinnon, R. (1964), “Foreign Exchange Constraints in Economics Development and Efficient Aid Allocation,” Economics Journal, 74, pp. 25-31..
Meeusen, Wim and van. Den. Broeck, J (1977), "Technical Efficiency andDimension of the Firm: Some Results on the Use of Frontier ProductionFunctions," Empirical Economics, 2(2), pp109-122.
Otsuka, K., Liu, D. and Murakami, N. (1998), Industrial Reform in China Past Performance and Future Prospect, Oxford:Clarendon Press.
Reifschneider, D. and Stevenson, R. (1991), “Systematic Departures from the Frontier:Framework for the Analysis of Firm Inefficiency,” International Economic Review; 32(3), pp. 715-23.
Rosentein, D. and Rodan, N. (1961), “International Aid for Underdevelop Countries,” Review of Economics and Statistics, pp. 43-45..
Stevenson, R.E. (1980), “Likelihood Functions for Generalised Stochastic Frontier Eastimation,” Journal of Economics, 13, pp. 57-66.
Sun, H, Hone, P. and Doucouliagos, H (1999), “Economic Openness and Technical Efficiency:A Case Study of Chinese Manufacturing Industries,” Economics of Transition, 7, pp.615-36.
Tyler, W. (1979), “Technical Efficiency in Production in a Developing Country,” Oxford Economic Papers, 31(3), pp. 477-95.
Vernon,R. (1966), “International Investment and International Trade in the Product Cycle,” Quartely Journal of Economics, 80, pp. 190-207.
Wu, Yanrui. (2000), “Measuring the Performance of Foreign Direct Investment: A Case Study of China,” Economics Letters, 66(2), pp.143-50.
Zhang, W. and Taylor, R. (2001), “EU Technology Transfer to China: The Automotive Industry as a Case Study;” Journal of the Asia Pacific Economy, 6(2), pp. 261-74.
Zhang, X. G. and Zhang, S. (2001), “Technical Efficiency in China's Iron and Steel Industry: Evidence from the New Census Data,” International Review of Applied Economics, 15(2), pp.199-211.
二、中文文獻
《中國工業經濟統計年鑑》,(1994、1995、1998),北京:中國統計出版社。
《中國統計年鑑》,(1994-2001),北京:中國統計出版社。
中國對外經貿研究編輯部(1996),〈歐美、華人、日商對中國投資比較〉,《中國對外經貿研究》,第470期,頁2-10。
王泰銓、林宏儒(2001),〈台灣投資企業與外商投資企業在中國投資地位之比較分析(下)〉,《法令月刊》,第50卷第1期,頁11-19。
宋泓、柴瑜(1998),〈三資企業對我國工業結構效益影響的實證研究〉,《經濟研究》(北京),第1期,頁30-36。
姚洋(1998),〈非國有經濟成分對我國工業企業技術效率的影響〉,《經濟研究》(北京),第12期,頁29-35。
胡名雯、薛琦(1997),〈中小企業生產特性與效率之研究:台灣製造業之分析〉,《經濟論文叢刊》,國立台灣大學經濟系,頁1-26。
夏京文(2001),〈我國利用外資的結構分析〉,《現代情報》,第6期,頁68-70。
高長(1996),〈外商企業在中國投資獲利性的決定因素〉,《台灣經濟學會年會論文集》,頁67-94。
高長(1997),〈中國吸引外商投資政策與總體經濟環境評析〉,《共黨問題研究》,第23卷第5期 , 頁49-59。
高長(2001),〈製造業赴中國投資經營當地化及其對台灣經濟之影響〉,《經濟情勢暨評論》,第7卷第1期 ,頁138-173。
高長、吳世英、季聲國(1995),〈台商與外資在中國投資經驗之調查研究-以製造業為例〉,台北;中華經濟研究院。
莊奕琦、許碧峰(2001),〈國際貿易、外人直接投資與產業生產力:,中國中國實證研究〉,《經濟論文》,29:2,頁221-249。
陳永生(2001),〈台港澳與其他外資企業中國投資績效之比較研究〉,《中國研究》,第44卷第8期 ,頁23-42。
黃智聰、潘俊男(2002),〈1993年以來中國的地區製造業產業結構的決定因素〉,《中國研究》,第45卷第2期,頁97-123。
蔡宏明(1994),〈中日對中國投資之比較研究〉,《問題與研究》,第33卷第1期,76-87頁。
鄭玉歆、張曉、張思奇(1996),〈技術效率、技術進步及其對生產率的貢 獻—沿海工業企業調查的初步分析〉,《數量經濟技術經濟研究》(北京),第12期,頁20-27。
漢查利(1984),〈外援和經濟發展〉,《現代國外經濟學論文選》,台北,第8期,頁102。
Description: 碩士
國立政治大學
中山人文社會科學研究所
90261007
91
Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0090261007
Data Type: thesis
Appears in Collections:[國家發展研究所] 學位論文

Files in This Item:

File Description SizeFormat
26100701.pdf13KbAdobe PDF981View/Open
26100702.pdf11KbAdobe PDF1094View/Open
26100703.pdf15KbAdobe PDF1087View/Open
26100704.pdf18KbAdobe PDF931View/Open
26100705.pdf14KbAdobe PDF941View/Open
26100706.pdf12KbAdobe PDF960View/Open
26100707.pdf16KbAdobe PDF1056View/Open
26100708.pdf26KbAdobe PDF2039View/Open
26100709.pdf41KbAdobe PDF2385View/Open
26100710.pdf88KbAdobe PDF8214View/Open
26100711.pdf47KbAdobe PDF1870View/Open
26100712.pdf42KbAdobe PDF1208View/Open
26100713.pdf20KbAdobe PDF1081View/Open
26100714.pdf26KbAdobe PDF1247View/Open


All items in 學術集成 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.


社群 sharing