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Title: Gambits in Mandarin-speaking Children's Spoken Discourse
Authors: 張君慈
Contributors: 黃瓊之
Keywords: Gambits
Mandarin-speaking Children
Spoken Discourse
Date: 2003
Issue Date: 2009-09-18 16:41:25 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 在兒童習得談話溝通的發展過程中,兒童需要習得多種談話技巧才能全然地參與談話,而其中一項重要的談話技巧即為引語的使用。引語在言談分析中是指一種半固定的語句用以加速言談的流暢。然而至今沒有研究探討過兒童使用引語的情形,因此本研究旨在探討中文言談中學齡兒童使用引語的發展情形。本研究將十二名學齡兒童依年齡分為兩組,並將其自然談話內容錄音且加以轉錄,以資進一步之分析與研究。此研究結果發現隨著年紀的增長兒童愈常使用引語,且愈能行使不同的種類形式來表達。這些發展性的成長與兒童的心智、語言及社會發展有關;此外,本研究結果亦發現學齡兒童最常使用的引語種類。本研究期待能增加人們對於兒童引語的認識,更能提供國小教師指導或幫助學齡兒童在言談中使用引語,進而增進兒童言談順暢無誤。
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