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Title: 中國大陸社會保障體制下的醫療保險改革
Reform in health insurance under social security system in China
Authors: 李嬌瑩
Contributors: 魏艾
Keywords: 社會保障
Social security
Medical insurance
Medical reform
National health insurance
Date: 2001
Issue Date: 2009-09-18 17:32:25 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 一個國家要維持正常穩定的運作狀態,作全面性的有效管理,是立足於現代社會環境的必要條件。如何建立一個低風險、高水準的生活環境與社會保障(Social Security)體制,是現代社會中急切而且必要的措施。
Overall and effective management is indispensable to a nation to assure sound and secure operation. How to set up a low risk, high level social security system is the very essential for the society today.
Under all sorts of social security systems, medical insurance offers the largest coverage and most complicated contents. Such medical insurance is closely related to nationals' health and assurance of life. In People's Republic of China, the medical system was provided by the nation in package in the initial phase after it came into being. With lack in cost concept and unsound managerial systems, they have undergone critical waste in medical resources, leading to heavy burden to the nation. After People's Republic of China launched the reform and open-door policy, the economic systems have been restructured. The previous medical insurance system under planned economy no longer oriented itself to the trends. In 1998, therefore, it launched an overall reform. With vast territories and huge number of population, the medical reforms have been launched in varied highlights and paces, not satisfactorily though they have all aimed at the same objectives. The PRC government launched the medical reform in 1998 and further worked out the supporting package for the medical and health system reform in 2000 in an effort to "bring in sharing instrument in the medical insurance reform and bring in competition instrument in the medical & health system reform". In the medical reform, foreign concepts and the National Health Insurance launched in Taiwan have been significantly seen.
In the series of tests and expansions. People's Republic of China has launched the established reform policies on the one hand and run into significant bottlenecks on the other. Undeniably, anyway, with foreign medical resources pouring in in the wake of the WTO admission, the business lines and society in China have undergone tremendous stimulation. In the pace of playing a pivotal role in the global village, China must try by all means to remove the stumbling blocks on the way of medical reform otherwise the significant gaps between the rich and the poor and such social problems must ruin the entire efforts. This thesis focuses on the reassessment on the shortcoming China has undergone in enforcement of the policies while approving the praiseworthy performance in the medical reform.
Key words: Social security, medical insurance, medical reform, National Health Insurance
Description: 碩士
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Data Type: thesis
Appears in Collections:[行政管理碩士學程(MEPA)] 學位論文

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