Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:

Title: Humanitarian Intervention in Ethnic Conflict in light of Kosovo
Authors: 吳素蘭
Contributors: 姜家雄
Keywords: motivation
Date: 2005
Issue Date: 2009-09-18 18:36:37 (UTC+8)
Abstract: Humanitarian intervention has always been one of the most controversial issues in the international relations community. One of the reasons for being so controversial is because of difficulty in judging a state’s true motivation to intervene. Third party involvement in internal ethnic conflict has generated much interest especially in post Cold War period. They became the interveners of intra-state conflict disputes in order to minimize the potentials for human rights abuses, instability and violence. However looking back at the inconsistency of the action from the third parties by intervening in one area but not in another one, put into doubts the “pure” nature of humanitarian intervention. A close look to conceptual and empirical level of humanitarian intervention in ethnic conflict helps to understand better the real motivations that drive the third parties to intervene in order to give an end to the internal disputes.
This thesis suggests that realist-liberalist perspectives are the best paradigms which can explain the controversial aspect of the humanitarian intervention. The detailed analyses of the case study of Kosovo and the comparison with the ethnic conflict in Rwanda has illustrated that there doesn’t exist such a concept as “pure humanitarian intervention” but a mixture of motivations and aims are involved in these humanitarian emergencies.
Reference: Books
Abiew, F.K. The Evolution of the Doctrine and Practice of Humanitarian Intervention (Hague: Kluwer Law International, 1999.
Arend, Anthony C. and Robert J. Beck. International Law and the Use of Force: Beyond the UN Charter Paradigm London: Routledge Press, 1993.
Bouckaert, Peter & Fred Abrahams. Federal Republic of Yugoslavia : A Week of Terror in Drenica- Humanitarian Law Violations in Kosovo. New York : Human Rights Watch, 1999.
Boyle, Joseph. Natural Law and International Ethics Cambridge: Cambridge University, 1992.
Brown, Michael E. Ethnic Conflict and International Security. Princeton: PrincetonUniversity Press, 1993.
Brown, Michael E. Nationalism and Ethnic Conflict. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1997.
Brownlie, Ian. International Law and the Use of Force by States Oxford:Clarendon Press, 1963.
Bull, Hedley. Intervention in World Politic Oxford : Claredon Press, 1984.
Caballero, José Antonio. La intervención humanitaria en el siglo XIX México: Universidad Nacional Autónoma, 1989.
Chesterman, Simon. Just war or Just Peace? : Humanitarian Intervention and International Law. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001.
The American Journal of International Law 83 (April 1989): 406-408.
Varady, Tibo . “Minorities, Majorities, Law, and Ethnicity: Reflections of the Yugoslav Case.” Human Rights Quarterly 19 (1997): 9-54.
Wedgwood, Ruth, “NATO's Campaign in Yugoslavia.” The American Journal of International Law 93 (October 1999): 828-834
Weiss, Thomas C. "Triage: Humanitarian Interventions in a New Era.” World Policy Journal (Spring 1994): 62.
Weiss, Thomas G. “Researching Humanitarian Intervention: Some Lessons.”
Journal of Peace Research (July 2001): 419-428.
Weller, Marc, “The Rambouillet Conference on Kosovo.” International Affairs 75 (April1999): 211-251.
Useful Websites
The Stockholm International Peace Institute (SIPRI) (
Daalder, Ivo and Michael O’Hanlon. Winning Ugly: NATO's War to Save Kosovo. Washington DC: Brooking Institution, 2000.
War-Torn Societies Project, UN Research Institute for Social Development (UNRISD) (
U.S. Institute of Peace (
Aspen Institute (
United Nations
Donia, Robert and John V.A. Fine. Bosnia and Hercegovina: A Tradition Betrayed London: Hurst and Company, 1994.
Donnelly, J. International Human Rights Oxford: Westview,1993.
Durch, W.J & Berry Blechman. Keeping the peace: The UN in the Emerging World Order (Washington DC: Henry Stimson Center, 1992).
Economics. The Balkan Agenda : Security and Regionalism in the New Europe London Defense Studies,1992.
Ericksen, Thomas Hylland. Ethnicity and Nationalism: Anthropological Perspectives London: Pluto, 1993.
Feste, Karen A. Expanding the Frontiers: Super Power Intervention in the Cold War (Westport CT: Praeger,1992).
Finnemore, Martha Ithace. The Purpose of Intervention: Changing Beliefs about the Use of Force. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2003.
Freeman, M.D.A. Lloyd’s Introduction to Jurisprudence London: Sweet & Maxwell, 1994.
Gardam, Judith Gail. Humanitarian Law. Brookfield: Dartmouth, 1999.
Gellner, Ernest. Nations and Nationalism Oxford: Blackwell Publishers, 1983.
Glennon, Michael J. Limits of Law, Prerogatives of Power: Interventionism After Kosovo Palgrave Macmillan, 2001.
Gordon, D. S. & F. H. Toase. London Aspects of Peacekeeping. Portland: Frank Cass, 2001.
Gordon, Graham. Ethics and International Relations Oxford: Blackwell Publishers, 1997.
Griffiths, Stephen. Nationalism and Ethnic Conflict: Threats to European Security. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993.
Holzgrefe, J.L. and Robert O. Keohane. Humanitarian Intervention: Ethical, Legal and Political Dilemmas. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003.
Hutchinson, John and Anthony D. Smith. Ethnicity Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996.
Judah, Tim. Kosovo: War and Revenge New Haven: Yale University Press, 2000.
Keren, Michael and Donald A Sylvan. International Intervention: Sovereignty versus Responsibility. Portland: F. Cass, 2002.
Kola, Paulin. The search for a Greater Albanian. London: Hurst & Co, 2003.
Kosovo : Avoiding Another Balkan War. Athens: Hellenic Foundation for European and Foreign Policy, 1998.
Kumar, Ramakrishna. Humanitarian Intervention in Kosovo as Justified, Executed and Mediated by NATO : Strategic Lessons for Singapore. Singapore: Institute of Defense and Strategic Studies, Nanyang Technological University, 2000.
Lake, David A. The International Spread of Ethnic Conflict : Fear, Diffusion, and Escalation. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1998.
Lillich, Richard B. Humanitarian Intervention and the United Nations. Charletsville, VA: University Press of Virginia, 1973.
Lobell, Steven E. & Philip Mauceri . Ethnic Conflict and International Politics: Explaining Diffusion and Escalation. New York : Palgrave Macmillan, 2004.
Malcolm, Noel. A Short History of Kosovo. London: Macmillan, 1998.
Martin, Pierre and Mark Brawley. Alliance politics, Kosovo, and NATO's War: Allied Force or Forced Allies? New York : Palgrave, 2000.
McWhinney, Edward. The United Nations and a New World Order for a New Millennium : Self-determination, State Succession, and Humanitarian Intervention. The Boston: Kluwer Law International, 2000.
Murphy, Sean D. Humanitarian Intervention: The United Nations in an Evolving World Order. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1996.
Paterson, Gow J. and A.. Preston, Bosnia by Television British Film Institute, 1996.
Qosja, Rexhep. Ceshtja Shqiptare:Historia dhe Politika Tirane:Toena,1998.
Ryan, Stephen. Ethnic Conflict and International Relations, 2nd ed. England; Brookfield: Dartmouth, 1995.
Scherrer, Christian P. Ethnicity, Nationalism, and Violence: Conflict Management, Human Rights, and Multilateral Regimes, London: Ashgate, 2003.
Stavenhagen, Rodolfo. The Ethnic Questions Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press, 1999.
The Responsibility to Protect : Research, Bibliography, Background : Supplemental Volume to the Report of the International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty, International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty, Ottawa : International Development Research Centre, 2001.
Verwey, Wil D. "Humanitarian Intervention under International Law.” Netherlands International Law Review 32 (1985): 357-418.
Vickers, Miranda. Between Serb and Albanian: A History of Kosovo New York: Columbia University Press, 1998.
Vuckovic, Gojko. Ethnic Cleavages and Conflict: The Sources of National Cohesion and Disintegration - The case of Yugoslavia. Brookfield: Dortmouth, 1997.
Wallensteen, Peter and Ramses Amer. International Intervention : New Norms in the Post-Cold War Era? Uppsala: Uppsala University, Dept. of Peace and Conflict Research,1997.
Walt, Stephen. The Origins of Alliances. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1987.
Waltz, Kenneth. Theory of International Politic. Reading, MA: Adison- Wesley, 1979.
Weiss, Thomas George. Military-civilian Interactions: Humanitarian Crises and the
Responsibility to Protect, 2nd ed. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield, 2004.
Weller, M. The Crisis in Kosovo 1989-1999 Cambridge: University of Cambridge, 1999.
Welsh, Jennifer M. Humanitarian Intervention and International Relations. Oxford:
Oxford University Press, 2004.
Wheeler, Nicholas J. Saving Strangers: Humanitarian Intervention in International Society. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000.
Wright, Quincy. A study of War Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1965.
Journal Articles
Archibugi, Daniele.“Cosmopolitan Guidelines for Humanitarian Intervention.” Alternatives. Global, Local, Political 29 (Spring 2004): 1-21.
Best, G. “Justice, International Relations and Human Rights.” International Affairs 4 (October 1995): 788.
Bhikhu, Parekh. “Rethinking Humanitarian Intervention.” International Political Science Review 18 ( Jannuary 1997): 49-69.
Buchanan, Allen.“From Nuremburg to Kosovo: The Morality of Illegal International Legal Reform.” Ethics 111 (July 2001): 673-705.
Caplan, Richard. “International Diplomacy and the Crisis in Kosovo.” International Affairs 74 (October 1998): 745-761.
Charney I, Jonathan. “Anticipatory Humanitarian Intervention in Kosovo.”
The American Journal of International Law (October 1999): 834-841.
Chinkin, Christine M. “Kosovo: A "Good" or "Bad" War?” The American Journal of International Law 93(October 1999): 841-847.
Cooper, Robert and Mats Berdal. “Outside Intervention in Ethnic Conflicts.” Survival 35 ( June 1993):118-42.
Garment, David & Patrick James. “Explaining Third-Party Intervention in Ethnic Conflict: Theory and Evidence.” Nations and Nationalism 6 (July 2000):173-202.
Falk, Richard A. “Kosovo, World Order, and the Future of International Law.”
The American Journal of International Law 93 (October 1999): 847-857.
Fixdal, Mona and Smith, Dan. “Humanitarian Intervention and Just War.” Mershon International Studies Review 42 (November 1998): 283-312.
Franck, Thomas M. “Lessons of Kosovo”. The American Journal of International Law 93 (October 1999): 857-860.
Garrett, Stephen A. “Doing Good and Doing Well: An Examination of Humanitarian Intervention.” Journal of Peace Research 37(Jul 2000): 535.
Glaser, Charles L. “Why NATO is Still Best: Future Security Arrangements for Europe.”
International Security 18 (Summer 1993): 5-50.
Henkin, Louis. “Kosovo and the Law of Humanitarian Intervention."
The American Journal of International Law 93 (October. 1999): 824-828.
Hobsbawm, E.J. “Ethnicity and Nationalism in Europe Today.” Anthropology Today 8 (1992): 3-8.
Ignatieff, Michael. Blood and Belonging: Journey into the New Nationalism New York: Farrar Strauss, 1993.
Jakobsen, Peter , "National Interest, Humanitarianism or CNN: What Triggers UN Peace Enforcement After the Cold War?" Journal of Peace Research 33 (May 1996).
Kaufmann, Chaim. “Possible and Impossible Solutions to Ethnic Civil Wars.” International Security 20 (Spring 1996): 138.
Koskenniemi, M. “The lady doth protest too much: Kosovo, and the turn to ethics in international law.” The Modern Law Review 65 ( Spring 2002): 159-175.
Lake, David A. and Donald Rothchild, “Containing Fear: The Origins and Management of Ethnic Conflict.” International Security 21 (Autumn 1996): 41-75.
Langford, Tonya. “Things Fall Apart: State Failure and the Politics of Intervention.”
International Studies Review 1 (Spring 1999): 59-79.
Larrabee, F. Stephen, “Long Memories and Short Fuses: Change and Instability in the Balkans.” International Security 15 (Winter 1990): 58-91.
Lillich, Richard B. “Humanitarian Intervention and the United Nations.” The American Journal of International Law 68 (October 1974): 765-767.
Maheshwar, Singh. “Ethnic Conflict and International Security: Theoretical Considerations.” World Affairs 6 ( October-December 2002): 11-15.
Mccgwire, Michael. “Why did We Bomb Belgrade?” International Affairs 76 (Jannuary 2000): 34-75.
Nardin Terry. “The Moral Basis of Humanitarian Intervention,” Ethics and International Affairs 16 ( Summer 2002): 57-71.
Oberschall,, Anthony. “The Manipulation of Ethnicity: From Ethnic Cooperation to Violence and War in Yugoslavia.” Ethnic and Racial Studies 23 (2000): 982-1001.
Pieterse, Jan Nederveen. “Sociology of Humanitarian Intervention: Bosnia, Rwanda and Somalia compared.” Intrnational Political Science Review (Jannuary 1997): 72. 5
Regan, Patrick M. “Choosing to Intervene: Outside Interventions in Internal Conflicts.”
The Journal of Politics 60 (August 1998):754-779.
Roberts, Adam, “Humanitarian War: Military Intervention and Human Rights.”
International Affairs 69 (Jul. 1993): 429-449.
Smith,Michael J. “Ethics and Intervention,” Ethics and International Affairs 3 ( Spring1998): 1-26.
Teson, Fernando R. “Humanitarian Intervention: An Inquiry into Law and Morality.”
Description: 碩士
Source URI:
Data Type: thesis
Appears in Collections:[外交學系] 學位論文

Files in This Item:

File SizeFormat

All items in 學術集成 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.

社群 sharing