Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://ah.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/49185


Title: 世界貿易組織下對於地理標示之保護
The protection of geographical indications under WTO
Authors: 楊珊妮
Contributors: 許耀明
楊珊妮
Keywords: 地理標示
與貿易有關之智慧財產權協定
擴張保護之爭議
註冊爭議
Geographical Indications
Trademark Law
Appellation of Origin
TRIPS Agreement
Extension Issue
Multilateral System of Register
Date: 2009
Issue Date: 2010-12-08 02:01:02 (UTC+8)
Abstract: Due to the globalization of economy, the protection of intellectual property rights becomes very important, not only on a national and local basis but also on an international basis. The evidence is coming from the negotiation and ultimately the inclusion of the TRIPS Agreement, or Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights, into the World Trade Organization. In the TRIPS Agreement, one of the protections to a local intellectual property on an international level is the protection of geographical indications, and such protection can be found in Articles 22 through 24 of the TRIPS Agreement. Geographical indications identify goods as originating in a particular territory or region, and also indicate quality by letting consumers know that the goods come from an area where a given quality, reputation, or other characteristic of the goods is essentially attributable to their geographical origin. The protection of geographical indications has always been on the table and been mentioned in various international treaties, and eventually came together under the TRIPS Agreement.

The different ways for geographical indications protection is examined in order to understand the different national regulations used in various countries as a tool to protect the geographical indications, hence, to protect intellectual property rights. The major issue regards the scope of protection is the extension of the TRIPS Article 23; diverse opinions and suggestions are coming from US and EU, the two biggest sovereignties. This also can be seen in the result of the WTO dispute case of EC – Trademarks and Geographical Indications.

The future developments such as the negotiations for a multilateral system of register for geographical indications, the progress of developing countries toward protection of geographical indications and the involvement of the traditional knowledge, all play very crucial roles on the enforcement of geographical indications protection. This paper will explore all these matters.
Reference: BOOKS
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JOURNALS
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INTERNET
1. The Australian Government Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade website, http://www.dfat.gov.au
2. The Australian Wine and Brandy Corporation website, http://www.wineaustralia.com
3. The BitLaw website, http://www,bitlaw.com
4. The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (BATF) website, http://www.atf.gov
5. The Cornell University Law School website, http://law.cornell.edu
6. The European Commission website, http://ec.europa.eu/index_en.htm
7. The European Union website, http://europa.eu/index_en.htm
8. The Institut National des Appellations d'Origine (INAO) website, http://www.inao.gouv.fr
9. The International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) website, http://www.iccwbo.org
10. The International Trademark Association website, http://www.inta.org
11. The Le Service Public de la Diffusion du Droit website, http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr
12. The NAFTA Secretariat website, http://www.nafta-sec-alena.org
13. The New York Times website, http://www.nytimes.com
14. The Office of the United States Trade Representative website, http://ustraderep.gov
15. The United States Patent and Trademark Office website, http://www.uspto.gov
16. The WIPO website, http://www.wipo.int/portal/index.html.en
17. The WTO website, http://www.wto.org
18. The WTO documents website, http://docsonline.wto.org
Description: 碩士
國立政治大學
法學院碩士在職專班
96961204
98
"CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION
Section 1 Research Motivation
Section 2 Research Methodology
Section 3 Research Scope and Limitation
Section 4 General Overview of Geographical Indications
A Trademark
B Indication of Source
C Appellation of Origin
D Designation of Origin
E Generic Names
Section 5 Thesis Organization 106

CHAPTER 2 THE DEVELOPMENT AND THE INTERNATIONAL TREATIES OF GEOGRAPHICAL INDICATIONS
Section 1 The International Treaties of Geographical Indications
A The Paris Convention for the Protection of Industry Property 1883
B The Madrid Agreement for the Repression of False or Deceptive Indications of Source on Goods 1891
C The Lisbon Agreement for the Protection of Appellation of Origin and Their International Registration 1958
D The TRIPS Agreement
E Problems of International Protection under these Treaties
Section 2 The Protection of Geographical Indications under TRIPS
A Article 22: Protection of Geographical Indications
B Article 23: Additional Protection for Geographical Indications for Wines and Spirits
C Article 24: International Negotiations; Exceptions
D General Provisions and Enforcement

CHAPTER 3 LEGAL ASPECT OF GEOGRAPHICAL INDICATIONS PROTECTION
Section 1 Different Ways for Geographical Indications Protection
A The Trademark Law Protection
B The Appellation of Origin Protection
C The Unfair Competition Law Protection
D The Administrative Regulation Protection
Section 2 The Scope of Geographical Indication Protection
A Extension of Article 23 TRIPS Protection to Products Other than Wines and Spirits
1 Extension in Context
2 Should Article 23 be Extended?
3 Arguments for Extension
4 Arguments against Extension
B The Register Issue
Section 3 Perspectives from EU and US
A The Protection of Geographical Indications in EU
B The Protection of Geographical Indications in US
1 BATF Regulations
2 The Lanham Act
C The Comparison

CHAPTER 4 THE CASE EC – TRADEMARKS AND GEOGRAPHICAL INDICATIONS AND ITS RELATED ISSUES 81
Section 1 The Case EC – Protection of Trademarks and Geographical Indications for Agricultural Products and Foodstuffs
A Background
B Statement of the Case
C The Panel
Section 2 Arguments and Outcomes in the WTO Dispute
A The National Treatment Argument
B The Trademark Argument
C The Significance of the Dispute
D Impact of WTO decision on the European Regulation

CHAPTER 5 FUTURE REINFORCEMENT IN THE PROTECTION OF GEOGRAPHICAL INDICATIONS
Section 1 Negotiations for a Multilateral System of Register for Geographical Indications
Section 2 Overselling Geographical Indications to EU Constituencies and to Developing Countries
A The Way Forward for Developing Countries
Section 3 Geographical Indications and Traditional Knowledge

CHAPTER 6 CONCLUSION 106

REFERENCES 120
"
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Data Type: thesis
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