Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://ah.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/49277


Title: 兒童焦慮及其相關因素之探討
Authors: 許嘉尹
Contributors: 王鍾和
許嘉尹
Date: 2002
Issue Date: 2010-12-08 02:03:27 (UTC+8)
Abstract:   為瞭解兒童焦慮與人口變項(年齡、性別、出生序、家庭社經地位)、父母變項(父母焦慮組型、父母管教方式類型、親子互動關係類型、親子依附風格)、家庭變項(家庭結構、父母婚姻衝突)等背景變項的關係,乃以國小學童683人為研究對象,採用個人基本資料、家庭社經地位調查表、兒童焦慮量表、兒童知覺父母焦慮量表、父母管教方式量表、親子互動關係量表、親子依附風格量表、兒童知覺雙親衝突量表等研究工具,獲得所需資料,續以Pearson積差相關、平均數差異t考驗、單因子變異數分析、二因子變異數分析、多元逐步迴歸分析等統計方法進行分析,結果發現:
  1、年齡(年級)不同的兒童,焦慮程度沒有顯著差異。
  2、女童比男童的焦慮程度較高。
  3、出生序不同的兒童,焦慮程度沒有顯著差異。
  4、家庭社經地位為中等以下的兒童,焦慮程度高於家庭社經地位為中等以上者。
  5、父母焦慮組型為「高焦慮父母」者,兒童的焦慮程度高於「低焦慮父母」、「低焦慮父親高焦慮母親」者。而父母焦慮組型為「高焦慮父親低焦慮母親」、「低焦慮父親高焦慮母親」者,兒童的焦慮程度高於「低焦慮父母」者。。
  6、父親採用「忽視冷漠」管教方式,兒童的焦慮程度高於父親採用「開明權威」者。
  7、母親採用「忽視冷漠」、「專制權威」管教方式,兒童的焦慮程度高於母親採用「開明權威」者。
  8、父母親皆採用「忽視冷漠」管教方式及採用「不一致」管教方式,兒童的焦慮程度高於父母兩人皆採用「開明權威」方式者。
  9、父子互動關係為「聚疏心離」、「聚頻心離」者,兒童的焦慮程度高於父子互動關係為「聚頻心繫」者。
  10、母子互動關係為「聚疏心離」者,兒童的焦慮程度高於母子互動關係為「聚頻心繫」者。
  11、父子依附風格為「逃避型」、「焦慮矛盾型」者,兒童的焦慮程度高於父子依附風格為「安全型」者。
  12、母子依附風格為「焦慮矛盾型」者,兒童的焦慮程度高於母子依附風格為「安全型」者。
  13、離婚家庭與雙親家庭的兒童,在焦慮程度上沒有顯著差異。
  14、父母婚姻衝突越高,兒童的焦慮程度越高。
  15、兒童的年齡與性別,不會交互影響兒童的焦慮程度。
  16、家庭社經地位與父母管教方式類型(開明權威、寬鬆放任、專制權威、忽視冷漠),不會交互影響兒童的焦慮程度。
  17、「低焦慮父母」、「低焦慮父親高焦慮母親」、「焦慮矛盾的父子依附風格」及「父母衝突」等四變項,能有效預測全體兒童的焦慮,預測力為13.4%。
  18、「低焦慮父母」、「家庭社經地位」、「父母衝突」、「焦慮矛盾的父子依附風格」、「逃避的父子依附風格」、「寬鬆放任的母親管教方式」等六變項,能有效預測男童的焦慮,預測力為19.3%;「低焦慮父母」能有效預測女童的焦慮,預測力為11.3%。
  本研究根據上述結果加以討論,並針對家庭教育、學校教育、社會教育及未來研究等四方面,提出數點建議,以供後續研究與預防兒童焦慮方案規劃之參考。
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Description: 碩士
國立政治大學
教育研究所
89152017
91
Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#A2010000083
Data Type: thesis
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