Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://ah.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/49413


Title: 俄羅斯經濟外交與俄德能源關係之研究
The study of Russia's economic diplomacy and Russo-Germany energy relations
Authors: 李孟融
Lee, Jennifer
Contributors: 魏百谷
Wei, Bai Ku
李孟融
Lee, Jennifer
Keywords: 經濟外交
俄羅斯經濟外交
俄德關係
能源政策
Economic Diplomacy
Russian Economic Diplomacy
Russo-Germany Relations
Energy Strategy
Date: 2009
Issue Date: 2010-12-08 10:53:43 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 本文旨在探討經濟外交理論對俄羅斯外交決策的影響。俄羅斯經濟外交政策主要是積極發展對外的經濟關係,創造對俄羅斯友善的國際環境,希望藉此帶動國內經濟的發展。而在俄羅斯牽涉經濟外交的各領域中,能源的因素尤其重要,由於俄羅斯境內蘊藏豐富的天然資源,尤其是天然氣,因此利用能源做為籌碼的經濟外交政策是俄羅斯對外政策中常見的情況。
而俄羅斯的經濟外交政策場域中,本文主要以近鄰和歐洲國家為主,由於許多俄羅斯的近鄰是前蘇聯的加盟共和國,同時也是能源的過境運輸國,因此俄羅斯常利用能源做為手段,藉此影響近鄰的對外政策。而歐洲國家大部份是俄羅斯的主要能源消費國,因此俄羅斯也可利用能源的出口為手段,打進歐洲各國的能源市場,藉此創造對俄羅斯友好的國際環境。
其中德國身為俄羅斯在歐洲最大的貿易夥伴,在政治和經濟上面的互動十分頻繁,德國主要從俄羅斯進口石油、天然氣。研究發現德國和其他歐洲國家相比,較為依賴俄羅斯能源的進口,因此給予俄羅斯對德國實行經濟外交戰略時的有效籌碼,特別是在天然氣領域中貿易互動方面,俄羅斯藉由能源公司對德國的能源領域的投資,企圖藉由深入德國的能源市場,進入歐洲的能源貿易體系。
This thesis aims to discuss the Russian economic diplomacy. Russian economic diplomacy mainly focuses on using economic as a leverage to influence other countries policies to Russia with the purpose of creating an amicable international situation, and promoting Russian domestic economic situation. Due to the fact that Russia possesses various natural recourses, energy is the main theme in Russia economic diplomacy, especially natural gas.
The topic of this study mainly discusses the economic diplomacy relations between Russia with near abroad and Europe. Most of the near abroad countries are former Soviet Union republics and the energy transit countries of Russia as well. As the result, Russia can use energy issue as a tool to sway these countries policies. Additionally, Russia can also utilize energy export to enter the Europe energy market because most of the European countries are the main energy consumer of Russia.
The study has shown that German is the main political and economical partner of Russia, and is also the biggest trade partner and energy consumer of Russia compared to other countries throughout Europe. Thus, German is strongly dependent on Russia energy export, especially on petroleum and natural gas. This condition benefited Russia by providing a window for Russia to enter Germany energy market in terms of energy enterprise trade and investment to German. Furthermore, by entering German energy market, Russia can enter European energy trading system.
Reference: 一、俄文部份
(一) 官方資料
“Концепция Энергетической стратегии России на период до 2030 г ,"(俄羅斯2030年前能源發展戰略)Министерство Промышленности и Энергетики Российской Федерации Институт Энергетической Стратегии (2007)
“Экономическая Дипломатия России в 2003 году,” (2003年俄羅斯經濟外交),Министерство Иностранных Дел Российской Федерации,
http://www.mid.ru/ns-dipecon.nsf/41786e3b4b21362343256a0c003fb87c/8baf813b08faa5fac3256e52001fd204?OpenDocumen (Feb/2004)
“Обзор внешней политики Российской Федерации,”(俄羅斯聯邦對外政策綱要) Министерство Иностранных Дел Российской Федерации, http://www.mid.ru/brp_4.nsf/0/3647DA97748A106BC32572AB002AC4DD(27/March/2007)
“Российско-Германские Отношения,”(俄羅斯─德國關係)
Министерство Иностранных Дел Российской Федерации,
http://www.mid.ru/ns-reuro.nsf/348bd0da1d5a7185432569e700419c7a/432569d80022027e43256b8400296af8?OpenDocument (13/Feb/2009)
(二) 俄文網站
Федеральная Служба Государственной Статистики, (俄羅斯國家統計局)
http://www.gks.ru/dbscripts/Cbsd/#1 (2007)
二、英文部分
(一) 專書
Abid, Hussain , “Economic Diplomacy and Its Significance for Foreign Policy,” in I.P. Khosla ed., Economic Diplomacy ,(New Delhi :Konark Publishers, 2006), pp. 30-43.
Arjun, Asrani , “The Application of Economic Diplomacy,” in I. P. Khosla eds., Economic Diplomacy(New Delhi :Konark Publishers, 2006), pp. 44-48.
Bayne, Nicholas, “The Practice of Economic Diplomacy,” in Woolcock Stephen eds., The New Economic Diplomacy-Decision-Making and Negotiation in International Economic Relations, (USA: Ashgate Publishing, 2003), pp. 65-82.
Bergeijk, Peter A.G. van, Economic Diplomacy, Trade and Commercial Policy-Positive and Negative Sanctions in a New Word Order, (England: Edward Elgar, 1994).

I.P., Khosla eds., Economic Diplomacy, (New Delhi: Konark Publishers PVT LTD, 2006).
Kandiyoti, Rafael, Pipelines: Flowing Oil and Crude Politics, (London: I. B. Tauris,2008).
Lucas, Edward , The New Cold War, (USA: Palgrave Macmillan, 2008).

Pinder, John & Yuri Shishkov , The EU & Ruiisa the Promise of Partnership,(London : Federal Trust, 2002).
(二) 期刊
Barysch, Katinka, “Is the Common Economic Space Doomed?,” The EU-Russia Review, No 2 (2006), pp.11-16.
Borisocheva, Ksenia, “Analysis of the Oil-and Gas-Pipeline-Links between EU and Russia,” Centre for Russia and Eurasia, Athens, Greece, (2007), pp.1-25.
Gotz, Roland, “Germany and Russia-strategic partners?” Geopolitical Affairs, (2007),pp.1-12.
Hanson, Philip, “How Sustainable Is Russia’s Energy Power?, “ Russian Analytical Digest, No.38(2008), pp. 8-11.
Kondakov, A.& B. Medvedev , “Economic Service in Russian Diplomacy,”International Affairs, (2004), pp.143-148.
Kuchins, Andrew C., “Alternative Futures for Russia to 2017, “ Russia and Eurasia Program Center for Strategic and International Studies, December (2007), pp.1-71.
.
Leonard, Mark & Nicu Popescu , “A Power Audit of EU-Russia Relarions”,European Council of Foreign Relarions, Nov (2007), pp.1-65.
Loskot, Agata, “Security of Russian gas supplies to the EU-the Question of infrastructural connections,” Centre for Eastern Studies, Feb (2005), pp. 1-22.
Milov, Vladimir, “The Use of Energy as a Political Tool,” The EU-Russia Review, No 2 (2006), pp.12-21.
Mitrova, Tatiana, “Gazprom’s Perspective on International markets, “ Russian Analytical Digest, No. 41(2008), pp.2-6.
Monaghan, Andrew, “EU-Russia Energy Cooperation,” The EU-Russia Review, No 2, (2006), pp.27-32.
Rahr, Alexander, “Why Schroder Loves Russia,” Russia in Global Affairs, Vol.2,No.4(2004), pp.84-90.
Salminen, Minna-Mari, “German-Russian Relations:Will there be Changes after The German Elections?,” Briefing Paper 40, Sep(2009), pp.1-6.
Schaffer, Sebastian, Tolksdorf Dominik eds., “The EU member states and the Eastern Neighbourhood- From composite to consistent EU Foreign Policy?”, CAP, No.1(2009), pp. 1-33.
Smith, Keith C., “Security Implications of Russian Energy Policies,” CEPS Policy Brief, No. 90(2006), pp.1-5.
Strachota, Agata Loskot, “Gazprom’s Expansion in the EU: Co-operation or Domination?”, Centre for Eastern Study, October (2009), pp.1-41.
Whist, Bendik Solum, “Nord Stream: Not Just a Pipeline”, FNI report, No.15(2008),pp. 1-77.
(三) 報章雜誌
“A bear at the throat;Europe energy seurity,” The Economist, 14/Apr/2007, pp.1-2.
Kulish, Nicholas , “Germany Aims to Protect its Interests by Guiding the West’s Ties to Russia,” The New York Times, 02/Dec/2008, p.1.
(四) 網路資料
“Construction of Nord Stream Pipeline Begin,” Gazprom, http://www.gazprom.com/press/news/2010/april/article97230/ (09/Apr/2010).
“Energy Policies of IEA Countries: Germany 2007 Review,” IEA, http://www.iea.org/press/pressdetail.asp?PRESS_REL_ID=229 (04/Jun/2007).
“EU to address human rights, energy, conflicts,” RIANOVOSTI, http://en.rian.ru/russia/20080627/112411454.html (27/Jun/2008).
“Gas for Europe,” Nord Stream, http://www.nord-stream.com/en/the-pipeline/gas-for-europe.html (2009).
Helm Dieter, “The Russian Dimension and Europe’s External Energy Policy,”University of Oxford, http://www.dieterhelm.co.uk/publications/Russian_dimension.pdf (Sep/2007)
“Nord Stream Siginifacance,” Gazprom, http://www.gazprom.com/production/projects/pipelines/nord-stream/ (2010)
”Russia’s Economic Diplomacy,” USECCNE, http://www.usrccne.org/news2.phtml?m=122 (05/March/2003)
”Putin to outline Russian development strategy by 2020,” Itar-Tass, http://dlib.eastview.com/sources/article.jsp?id=13408066
“Liquefied Natural Gas - A Canadian Perspective - Energy Market Asssessment,”National Energy Board,
http://www.neb.gc.ca/clf-nsi/rnrgynfmtn/nrgyrprt/ntrlgs/lqfdntrlgscndnprspctv2009/lqfdntrlgscndnprspctv2009-eng.html (07/Apr/2009)
Gazprom,
http://old.gazprom.ru/eng/articles/article21652.shtml
”Russian federation Economic Policy in 2008,” Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation, http://www.mid.ru/brp_4.nsf/itogi/D8D3BDCF7ABA2C37C32575300029D494 (31/Dec/2008)
”IEA Energy Statistics,”IEA, http://www.iea.org/stats/pdf_graphs/DETPESPI.pdf (2009)
三、中文書目
(一) 專書
日茲寧著,強曉云、史亞軍、成鍵譯,國際能源 政治與外交,(上海:華東師範
大學,2005)。
杜正艾,俄羅斯外交傳統研究,(上海:人民出版社,2007)。
金熙德,日美基軸與經濟外交 日本外交的轉型,(北京:中國社會科學,1998),。
周力、朱達秋,普京與新俄羅斯,(重慶:重慶出版社,2007)。
袁新華,俄羅斯的能源戰略與外交,(上海:人民出版社,2007)。
普丁著,張樹華、李俊升、許華譯,普京文集2002-2008,(北京:中國社會科學出版社,2008)。
張健,戰後日本的經濟外交,(天津:人民出版社,1998)。
羅英杰,利益與矛盾─冷戰後俄羅斯與歐盟,(北京:世界知識出版社,2009)。
(二) 期刊
林碧炤,「經濟外交的理論與實際 上」,問題與研究,第28卷第1期 (1988),頁71- 82。
林碧炤,「經濟外交的理論與實際 下」,問題與研究,第28卷第2期 (1988),頁12- 31。
徐海燕,「俄羅斯東向能源出口戰略與中俄油氣合作」,復旦學報,No.5 (2005),頁101- 106。
羅英杰、常思純,「俄德經貿合作關係論析」,俄羅斯中亞東歐市場,第4期(2007), 頁1-9。
(三) 學位論文
何中順,「新時期中國經濟外交研究:理論與實踐」,中共中央黨校博士論文
(2005)。
徐向梅,「當代俄羅斯經濟外交研究」,外交學院博士論文(2005)。
龐昌傳,「俄羅斯能源外交:理論與實踐」,中國社會科學院博士論文(2002)。
Description: 碩士
國立政治大學
俄羅斯研究所
95263007
98
Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0095263007
Data Type: thesis
Appears in Collections:[俄羅斯研究所] 學位論文

Files in This Item:

File Description SizeFormat
300701.pdf2205KbAdobe PDF1521View/Open


All items in 學術集成 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.


社群 sharing