Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://ah.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/51121


Title: 高齡人口勞動參與 - 國際之比較研究
The study of senior-aged labor force participation - international comparison
Authors: 葉月美
Yeh, Yueh May
Contributors: 黃仁德
Hwang, Jen Te
葉月美
Yeh, Yueh May
Keywords: 勞動參與
Labor force participation
Date: 2010
Issue Date: 2011-09-29 18:56:58 (UTC+8)
Abstract: This paper aims at exploring senior-aged labor force participation in both OECD countries and Taiwan, covering the aspects of the historical trends and transition, the dominant factors influencing participation status, the prevailing measures in practice and cross-country comparison. In the process of this study, secondary data including book, journals, article, news clips and statistical reports were collected and analyzed.
The fast growing trends of ageing and low birth rate are supposed to bring about labor supply shortage and impact our economic growth for the years to come. Besides, employment and social policies and practices that discourage work at an older age effectively deny older workers’ choice in when and how they retire. This will result in a waste of valuable human resources and has become a top global issue.
In conformity with the fast growing ageing population, more and more ageing labor force is projected to be infused into the labor market so as to support continuous economic development. However, ways to facilitate this group’s willingness of continuous work to sustain the aggregate labor supply are considered even a more tremendous issue. With the efforts made by the government as well as support from both employers and employees, task on the reform of pension system and other parts of social welfare system, abolishment of age discrimination, flexibility of employment protection rules and working hours, and enhancement of job training should be carried out promptly and efficiently.
This paper aims at exploring senior-aged labor force participation in both OECD countries and Taiwan, covering the aspects of the historical trends and transition, the dominant factors influencing participation status, the prevailing measures in practice and cross-country comparison. In the process of this study, secondary data including book, journals, article, news clips and statistical reports were collected and analyzed.
The fast growing trends of ageing and low birth rate are supposed to bring about labor supply shortage and impact our economic growth for the years to come. Besides, employment and social policies and practices that discourage work at an older age effectively deny older workers’ choice in when and how they retire. This will result in a waste of valuable human resources and has become a top global issue.
In conformity with the fast growing ageing population, more and more ageing labor force is projected to be infused into the labor market so as to support continuous economic development. However, ways to facilitate this group’s willingness of continuous work to sustain the aggregate labor supply are considered even a more tremendous issue. With the efforts made by the government as well as support from both employers and employees, task on the reform of pension system and other parts of social welfare system, abolishment of age discrimination, flexibility of employment protection rules and working hours, and enhancement of job training should be carried out promptly and efficiently.
Reference: Adams, S. (2004), “Age Discrimination Legislation and the Employment of Older Workers,”Labour Economics, 11:2, pp. 219-241.
Anderson, K. and R. Burkhauser (1985), “The Retirement-Health Nexus: A New Measure of An Old Puzzle,”Journal of Human Resources, 20:3, pp. 315-330.
Bass, S. A. and F. S. Caro (1996), “Theoretical Perspectives on Productive Aging,” in W. H. Crown, ed., Handbook on Employment and the Elderly (Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press), pp. 262-275.
Bazzoli, G. (1985), “The Early Retirement Decision: New Empirical Evidence on the Influence of Health,” Journal of Human Resources, 20:2, pp. 214-234.
Behaghel, L. and N. Greenan (2005), “Training and Aged-Biased Technical Change: Evidence from French Micro Data,” CREST Working Papers, No. 6.
Behaghel, L., B. Crepon, and B. Sedillot (2004), “Contribution Delalande et transitions sur le marche du travail,” Economie et Statistique, 372, pp. 61-88.
Blau, D. and R. Riphahn (1999), “Labor Force Transitions of Older Married Couples in Germany,” Labour Economics, 6:2, pp. 229-251
Blekesaune, M. and P. E. Solem (2005), “Working Conditions and Early Retirement: A Prospective Study of Retirement Behavior,” Research on Aging, 27:1, pp. 3-30.
Blondal, S. and S. Scarpetta (1998), “The Retirement Decision in OECD Countries,” OECD Economics Department Working Papers, No. 98.
Boskin, M., and M. Hurd (1978), “The Effects of Social Security on Early Retirement,” Journal of Public Economics, 10, pp. 361-377.
Bound, J., M. Schoenbaum, T. Stinebricker, and T. Waidmann (1999), “The Dynamic Effects of Health on the Labor Force Transitions of Older Workers,” Labour Economics, 6:2, pp. 179-202.
Burniaux, J-M., R. Duval, and F. Jaumotte (2003), “Coping with Ageing: A Dynamic Approach to Quantify the Impact of Alternative Policy Options on Future Labour Supply in OECD Countries,” OECD Economics Department Working Papers, No. 371.
Burtless, G. and R. Moffitt (1985), “The Joint Choice of Retirement Age and Retirement Hours of Work,” Journal of Labor Economics, 3:2, pp. 209-236.
Burtless, G. and R. Moffitt (1984), “The Effects of Social Security Benefits on the Labor Supply of the Aged,” in H. J. Aaron and G. Burtless, eds., Retirement and Economic Behavior (Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution), pp. 135-174.
Caro, F., S. Bass, and Y. Chen (1993), Achieving a Productive Aging Society. Westport, Conn.: Auburn House.
Council for Economic Planning and Development (2008), The Strategy of Labor Force Participation Rate versus the Impact of Ageing Population, available at http://www.cepd.gov.tw. (In Chinese)
Council of Labor Affairs (2008), Labor Policy White Paper in an Ageing Society, available at http://www.cla.gov.tw. (In Chinese)
Cremer, H. and P. Pestieau (2003), “The Double Dividend of Postponing Retirement,” International Tax and Public Finance, 10, pp. 419-434.
Crepon, B. and P. Aubert (2003), “Productivite et salaire des travailleurs ages,” Economie et Statistique, 368, pp. 157-185.
Daniel, K. and W. S. Siebert (2004), “Does Employment Protection Reduce the Demand for Unskilled Labor?” IZA Discussion Papers, No.1290.
Dorsey, S. and J. A. Turner (1996), “Social Security, Pensions, Disability, and Retirement: An International Perspective,” in W. H. Crown, ed., Handbook on Employment and the Elderly (Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press), p.110-127.
Duval, R. (2003), “The Retirement Effects of Old-Age Pension and Early Retirement Schemes in OECD Countries,” OECD Economics Department Working Papers, No. 370.
Fields, G., and O. Mitchell (1984), Retirement, Pensions, and Social Security. Cambridge, Mass.: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press.
Filer, R. and P. Petri (1988), “A Job Characteristics Theory of Retirement,” Review of Economics and Statistics, 70, pp. 123-129.
Gordon, R. and A. Blinder (1980), “Market Wages, Reservation Wages, and Retirement Decisions,” Journal of Public Economics, 14, pp. 277-308.
Gruber, J. and D. Wise (eds) (2004), Social Security and Retirement around the World: Micro-Estimation. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Gruber, J. and D. Wise (eds.) (1999), Social Security and Retirement around the World. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Gustman, A. L. and T. L. Steinmeier (2004), “Minimum Hours Constraints, Job Requirements and Retirement,” NBER Working Paper No. 10876.
Haberman, S. (1991), Private Provision of Retirement Incomes in the United Kingdom. Country Study for the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. Paris: OECD.
Hanoch, G. and M. Honig (1983), “Retirement, Wages, and Labor Supply of the Elderly,” Journal of Labor Economics, 1, pp. 131-151.
Hausman, J. and D. Wise (1985), “Social Security, Health Status, and Retirement,” in D. Wise, ed., Pensions, Labor, and Individual Choice (Chicago: University of Chicago Press), pp. 59-91.
Hellerstein, J. K. and D. Neumark (2004), “Production Function and Wage Equation Estimation with Heterogeneous Labor: Evidence from a New Matched Employer-Employee Data Set,” NBER Working Paper, No. 10325.
Hsin, B. L. (2008), The Study on Promoting the Regulation of Specific Laws Required in Taiwan’s Ageing Society, available at http://www.cla.gov.tw. (In Chinese)
Hutchens, R. (1986), “Delayed Payments and a Firm's Propensity to Hire Older Workers,” Journal of Labour Economics, 4, pp. 439-457.
Jiang, Z. Y. (2001), “A Study on Utilizing Public Vocational Training to Boost the Middle-Aged Unemployed for Reemployment,” Master Thesis, Graduate Institute of Human Resources Management, National Sun Yet-Sen University.
Jimenez-Martin, S., J. Labeaga, and M. M. Granado (1999), “Health Status and Retirement Decisions for Older European Couples,” IRISS Working Paper Series, No. 1999-01.
Jobin, G., R. Koskie, P. Longhurst, and M. Zigler (1991), Employee Benefits in Canada. Brookfield, Wisconsin.: International Foundation of Employee Benefit Plans.
Keesing, D. (1992), Old-Age Security throughout the World: A Survey. Washington, D.C.: World Bank.
Kerhofs, M., M. Lindeboom, and J. Theeuwes (1999), “Retirement, Financial Incentives and Health,” Labour Economics, 6:2, pp. 203-227.
Lazear, E. P. (1979), “Why Is There Mandatory Retirement?” Journal of Political Economy, 87:6, pp. 1261-1284.
Lazear, E. P. (1981), “Agency, Earnings Profiles, Productivity, and Hours Restrictions,” American Economic Review, 71:4, pp. 606-620.
Lazear, E. P. (1986), “Retirement From the Labour Force,” in O. Ashenfelter and R. Layard, eds., Handbook of Labour Economics (Amsterdam: North Holland), pp. 305-355.
Lin, Y. T. (1997), “A Research on the Vocation Issues of Middle and Senior-Aged Labors,” Journal of Vocation and Training, 15:6, pp. 52-58. (In Chinese)
Luzadis, R. and O. Mitchell (1992), “Buying-Out Older Workers: Sectoral Differences in Pension Incentives,” paper presented at Current Pension Policy Issues, a conference sponsored by the Center for Pension and Retirement Research, Miami University, March 27, 28.
OECD (1998), Employment Outlook. Paris: OECD.
OECD (2001), Economic Outlook, 2001/1:69. Paris: OECD.
OECD (2002), Babies and Bosses — Reconciling Work and Family Life: Australia, Demark and the Netherlands, Vol.1. Paris: OECD.
OECD (2003a), Ageing and Employment Policies: Sweden. Paris: OECD.
OECD (2003b), Ageing and Employment Policies: Spain. Paris: OECD.
OECD (2003c), Vieillissement et politiques de l’emploi: Belgique. Paris: OECD.
OECD (2003d), Babies and Bosses — Reconciling Work and Family Life: Austria, Ireland and Japan, Vol. 2. Paris: OECD.
OECD (2004a), Employment Outlook. Paris: OECD.
OECD (2004b), Ageing and Employment Policies: Korea. Paris: OECD.
OECD (2004c), Ageing and Employment Policies: Finland. Paris: OECD.
OECD (2004d), Ageing and Employment Policies: United Kingdom. Paris: OECD.
OECD (2004e), Babies and Bosses — Reconciling Work and Family Life: New Zealand, Portugal and Switzerland, Vol. 3. Paris: OECD.
OECD (2005a), Pensions at a Glance: Public Policies across OECD Countries. Paris: OECD.
OECD (2005b), Ageing and Employment Policies: United States. Paris: OECD.
OECD (2005c), Ageing and Employment Policies: Germany. Paris: OECD.
OECD (2005d), Ageing and Employment Policies: France. Paris: OECD.
OECD (2005e), Babies and Bosses —Reconciling Work and Family Life: Canada, Finland, Sweden and the United Kingdom, Vol. 4. Paris: OECD.
OECD (2006), Ageing and Employment Policies: Live Longer, Work Longer. Paris: OECD, available at http://www.oecdbookshop.org.
OECD (2008), Education at Glance. Paris: OECD.
OECD (2009a), OECD Factbook 2009: Economic, Environmental and Social Statistics, available at http://www.oecd-ilibrary.org.
OECD (2009b), OECD in Figures 2009, available at http://www.oecd-ilibrary.org.
Ogburn, W. (1964), On Culture and Social Change: Selected Papers. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Parsons, D. (1983), “The Industrial Demand for Older Workers,” unpublished manuscript.
Penner, R. G., P. Perun, and C. E. Steuerle (2002), “Legal and Institutional Impediments to Partial Retirement and Part Time Work by Older Workers,” Urban Institute Research Report. Washington, D.C.: Urban Institute.
Quinn, J. (1977), “Microeconomic Determinants of Early Retirement: A Cross-Sectional View of White Married Men,” Journal of Human Resources, 12, pp. 329-347.
Salthouse, T. A. (1984), “Effects of Age and Skill in Typing,” Journal of Experimental Psychology, 13, pp. 345-371.
Schils, T. (2005), Early Retirement Patterns in Europe: A Comparative Panel Study. Amsterdam: Dutch University Press.
Skirbekk, V. (2003), “Age and Individual Productivity: A Literature Survey,” Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research Working Paper, No. 2003-2028.
Turner, J. (1993), Pension Policy for a Mobile Labor Force. Kalamazoo, Michigan: W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research.
Turner, J. and D. Beller (1992), Trends in Pensions 1992. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office.
Turner, J. A. and T. Doescher (1996), “Pensions and Retirement,” in W. H. Crown, ed., Handbook on Employment and the Elderly (Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press), pp. 165-181.
Volkoff, S., A. Molinie, and A. Jolivet (2000), “Efficases a tout age: vieillissement demographique et activites de travail,” Dossier du Centre d'Etudes de I'Emploi, 16.
Weaver, D. (1994), “The Work and Retirement Decisions of Older Women: A Literature Review,” Social Security Bulletin, 57, pp. 3-24.
Wu, H. S. (2005), “The Middle-Aged and Older Labor Force Participation Rate and Trend Analysis in Taiwan,” http://www.cla.gov.tw. (In Chinese)
Description: 碩士
國立政治大學
亞太研究英語碩士學位學程(IMAS)
96924003
99
Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0096924003
Data Type: thesis
Appears in Collections:[亞太研究英語博/碩士學位學程(IDAS/IMAS) ] 學位論文

Files in This Item:

File SizeFormat
index.html0KbHTML319View/Open


All items in 學術集成 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.


社群 sharing