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Asset and liability management for life insurers: effective duration and effective convexity analysis and simulation optimization
Tsai, Cheng Hsien
|Issue Date:||2011-10-11 16:51:01 (UTC+8)|
|Abstract:||本研究的第一部份是利用有效存續期間與有效凸性來衡量人壽保險人的利率風險。我們發現Tsai (2009)指出的壽險保單準備金之有效存續期間結構並非一般化的結果。當長期利率水準高於保單預定利率及保單解約率敏感於利差時，準備金之有效存續期間會呈現與Tsai (2009)相反的結構。我們進一步發現準備金之有效凸性會亦有可能呈現負值，且不易依照保單到期期限歸納出一般化的結構。負值的有效凸性起因於準備金並非利率的單調函數，且準備金與利率的函數關係隨保單到期期限而不同。我們的研究結果可以幫助人壽保險人執行更為精確的資產負債管理。|
In the first part of this doctoral dissertation, we focus on a proper measurement on interest rate risk of life insurer’s liabilities, policy reserves, by incorporating the general effective duration and effective convexity measures. Tsai (2009) identified a term structure of the effective durations of life insurance reserves. We find that his results are not general. When the long-run mean of interest rates is higher than the policy crediting rate and the surrender rate is sensitive to the spread, the term structure would exhibit an opposite pattern to the one in Tsai (2009). We further find that the effective convexities might be negative and the term structure of the effective convexities exhibits no general pattern. The irregularities originate from negative effective convexities result from the relationship between mean reserves and initial short rate for different years to maturity. Our results can help life insurers to implement more accurate asset-liability management.
In the second part, we analyze asset allocation and leverage strategies for a life insurer selling traditional insurance products by using a simulation optimization method. We assume that an insurer invests equity capital (from its shareholders) and premiums it receives from policyholders by choosing a portfolio intended to maximize the annual return of equity minus the penalty of insolvencies and risks. We regard the leverage as an internal factor in asset allocation. Based on these assumptions, we get a promising multiple-periods asset allocation and leverage, besides analyzing how leverage affects asset allocation strategies.
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