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Title: 不可說的在言噤聲:藍騰的反色情論證
Unspeakable Illocutionary Silencing :Langton’s Free Speech Argument Against Pornography
Authors: 鄭光明
Cheng, Kuang-Ming
Contributors: 政大哲學系
Keywords: 色情權利;說話做行論;麥肯能;藍騰;不可說的在言噤聲
a right to pornography;speech-act theory;Catharine MacKinnon;Rae Langton;unspeakable illocutionary silencing
Date: 2009-03
Issue Date: 2012-09-04 10:42:11 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 色情刊物會使得婦女遭到「噤聲」的命運,因而侵害了婦女的言論自由嗎?對此,女性主義者麥肯能的回答是肯定的,而許多自由主義者的回答則是否定的,甚至認為這個主張非常荒謬。為此,藍騰特別援引英國語言哲學家奧斯丁的說話做行論,並主張:色情刊物之所以侵害了婦女的言論自由,其原因在於色情刊物使得婦女「不能拿話做事」,而這等於使得婦女的言論不能出現在言論自由市場中。本文將主張:藍騰的主張會課以說話者和聽者太多義務;為此,我們必須主張一種對聽者不要求任何「最低限度接收度」的言論自由觀,以避免上述問題。
Famous anti-pornography feminists, Catharine MacKinnon and Rae Langton believe that pornography harms women in a very spe-cial and serious way: by silencing them or violating their civil right to freedom of speech. Langton believes that an analysis of the con-cept of speech acts shows that pornography silences women’s voices. Therefore, pornography destroys political liberty and should not be allowed. Pornography may thus make potential speech acts un-speakable for women, not by preventing them from producing or distributing sounds and scrawls, but by preventing women from do-ing things with their words. In what follows, I will argue that Lang-ton’s view would impose a burdensome range of duties on individu-als. This suggests that there are some powerful liberal reasons for thinking that the right to free speech should not include any mini-mal receptiveness requirement on the part of audiences.
Relation: 歐美研究, 39(1), 169-224
Data Type: article
Appears in Collections:[哲學系] 期刊論文

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