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Title: 創傷與新聞:一個台灣新聞學術與實務長期忽略的議題
Other Titles: Trauma and Journalism:Issues Ignored by Academic and Practical Realm in Taiwan
Authors: 許瓊文
Contributors: 國立政治大學廣播電視學系
Keywords: 新聞學術
Date: 2011
Issue Date: 2012-10-18 10:27:24 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 申請人從94學年起執行四年的新聞與創傷計畫,前兩年是根本的現象調查,研究發現當前社會新聞呈現內容與手法都是以比較戲劇化來呈現受害者,並且不顧其權益的消費方式造成二度傷害,但是記者卻表示礙於新聞室的要求與工作權,不得不為。新聞室喜愛社會新聞又特別偏好受害者,競爭常是理由,之後的兩年完整瞭解記者、新聞室與各新聞組織等行動者在產製過程中各種權力的競爭「過程」,找出問題癥結所在。而記者採訪生離死別、重大災難,國外研究已經發現會造成情緒問題,但台灣沒有相關研究,因此,以問卷調查法瞭解記者與新聞室對創傷的認知、態度與支援機制的現況。過去研究的經驗與成果,與目前99學年執行的計畫息息相關,發展災難新聞的本質與防救災資訊,讓新聞扮演正面功能,截至目前為止,申請人研究領域—「創傷與新聞」逐漸形成,也成立網站創傷新聞網分享研究所得,目前有四大取向尊重受害者、記者創傷、閱聽人感受,災難與傳播。接下來便希望能將研究發現提供給實務與學術界,台灣目前缺乏相關研究社群、在職訓練講師,以撰寫專書的方式,可讓更多人瞭解創傷與新聞的重要性,鼓勵更多的學術創作、提供記者自修的資源,以及在學學生認識新聞產業中較少被提及的創傷議題。
Taiwan Media has faced the most severe competition since 2003, which threatens the advertising income of the newspaper industry and exacerbates sensationalism in television industry. The reasons are the emergence of cable television news channels and the Hong-Kong based Next Media Interactive Limited starting its magazine and newspaper operation in Taiwan market, the Next Magazine and the Apple Daily. Trauma news includes violence, crime, justice, and disasters. Taiwan has faced a large amount of natural and human-made disasters, such as earthquakes, typhoons, flooding, air crashes and several trauma accidents. It is inevitable to interview and report victims. Covering victims is always the Golden Rule for newsrooms in the U.S., which is also the case in Taiwan. Victims’ tears and bloods boost the rating higher; therefore, newsrooms push reporters to have more stories or scoops of victims by hook or by crook. It is necessary to provide trauma literacy and to help journalists to cover victims and trauma stories, not only to protect victims, but also to protect journalists per se from emotional problems or PTSD (Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder). Journalism and trauma is a blend new idea for journalists in Taiwan according to my previous research. They do not have much empathy on victims, and are not aware of possible hurts on victims and journalists both. I have been working on media coverage on victims and building journalism codes for covering victims since 2004. During my researching period, Dart Center in Columbia University, US, is a very important resource for my teaching and research. Dart Center has developed several curriculums and on-job-training materials; however, the resource is built mostly in the North American settings. It is about time to establish systematic knowledge for Taiwan academic and practical realm. With this project, there will be more researchers, journalists, students or even audiences knowing this concept, and more curriculums and pedagogies developed for Journalism school (J-school) students and hands-on news professionals in Taiwan.
Relation: 基礎研究
研究期間:10008~ 10107
Data Type: report
Appears in Collections:[廣播電視學系] 國科會研究計畫

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