Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://ah.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/54260


Title: 俄羅斯政治文化與普丁的威權統治
Russian political culture and Putin's authoritarian rule
Authors: 姜俊廷
Contributors: 林永芳
姜俊廷
Keywords: 政治文化
民主鞏固
威權政體
普丁
Date: 2010
Issue Date: 2012-10-30 10:30:43 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 本文研究將政治文化視為一國民主建立與鞏固的關鍵因素,政治文化的適切與否將直接影響民主轉型與鞏固之成敗。藉由回溯俄羅斯的歷史經驗,探討在俄羅斯的政治文化中是否具備有利於民主發展的元素。

本文重新檢視在普丁政權的建立與鞏固過程中,強大的國家機器與政治強人實為民意所望,而這樣的民意表徵並不全然來自於短期性的政策改變,而且是根深蒂固於政治文化之中。

本文研究發現,現行的俄羅斯民主政體並非真正的民主,甚至可將之歸類為威權政體。尤其在官方思想定調之後,自由競爭與人權大幅倒退,均無損於普丁政權的民意支持。即使俄羅斯的民主招致許多的批辦,但她確實是根據俄國獨特國情所發展而成的。
Reference: 一、中文部份


(一) 專書

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(二) 期刊、論文

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二、英文部分


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三、網路資源

(一) 網站

「人權觀察」:<http://www.hrw.org/>

「自由之家」:< http://www.freedomhouse.org>

「保護記者協會」:< http://cpj.org/ >

「俄羅斯聯邦總統」:<http://eng.kremlin.ru/>

「俄羅斯聯邦院」:<http://www.council.gov.ru/eng/index.html>

「俄羅斯聯邦中央選舉委員會」:<http://www.cikrf.ru/eng/elect_duma/leg/index.jsp>

「國際特赦」:<http://www.amnesty.org/>

「統一俄羅斯黨」:<http://er.ru/index.shtml>

「歐洲自由電台」:< http://www.rferl.org/section/Russia/161.html >


(二) 新聞

BBC中文網,「別斯蘭為人質事件死者舉行首批葬禮」,<http://news.bbc.co.uk/chinese/trad/hi/newsid_3620000/newsid_3629500/3629512.stm>,檢視日期:2011/02/18。

BBC中文網,「數萬俄國人群聚紅場參與反恐集會」,<http://news.bbc.co.uk/chinese/trad/hi/newsid_3630000/newsid_3635200/3635234.stm>,檢視日期:2011/02/18。

BBC中文網,「愛沙尼亞駐莫斯科使館暫停領事業務」,<http://news.bbc.co.uk/chinese/trad/hi/newsid_6610000/newsid_6617200/6617271.stm>,檢視日期:2011/03/02。

BBC NEWS, “Russian youths 'hound UK envoy”,
<http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/6162033.stm>. 檢視日期:2011/03/02。


(三) 評論

McFaul, Michael, “Putin’s Strong Hand Is Failing Russia,” Center for American Progress, <http://www.americanprogress.org/issues/2004/09/b186693.html>. (September 14, 2004). 檢視日期:2011/02/20。

Rutland, Peter, “Is Putin Out to Destroy Civil Society in russia?,” Eurasia Daily Monitor, Vol. 1, Issue. 21, (May 31, 2004). <http://www.jamestown.org/programs/edm/single/?tx_ttnews%5Btt_news%5D=26588&tx_ttnews%5BbackPid%5D=175&no_cache=1>. 檢視日期:2011/01/29。

Hahn, Gordon, “Putin’s Stealth Authoritarianism,” Radio Free Europe, <http://www.rferl.org/content/article/1344299.html> (April15, 22 &29, 2004). 檢視日
Description: 碩士
國立政治大學
俄羅斯研究所
96263006
99
Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0962630061
Data Type: thesis
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