Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://ah.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/54499


Title: A Study of EU-China relations EU-China Relations after China’s WTO Entrance in 2001 Does the EU need a new China-Policy?
Authors: 柯安瑞
Erik Jan Class
Contributors: 王定士
Wang, Ding Shu
柯安瑞
Erik Jan Class
Keywords: EU
China
foreign policy
EU-China relations
economic rise
Date: 2011
Issue Date: 2012-10-30 11:10:59 (UTC+8)
Abstract: China's rise is the most important change in our time. China with a population of 1.3 billion, annual economic growth rates above 10 percent and a successful economic transition has become the second biggest economic power worldwide. Since its economic opening, initiated by Deng Xiaoping in 1978, China has gradually opened itself, welcomed international investors for Foreign Direct Investment and advocated international multilaterism. At the same time, China has successfully secured its own interests. Beijing has, while keeping its currency artificially low, implemented several economic and trade policies, which mostly benefit Chinese companies. At the same time, China reacts highly sensitive to interference in internal affairs and even punishes states, which are too critical of the Chinese government. China’s new, strong role has also transformed the unipolar international system, which was dominated by the United States after the end of the Cold War, towards a multipolar system. Many actors see themselves within a rapidly changing international system and are forced to react to the environment and conduct appropriate foreign policies towards China.
This paper discusses EU-China relations from 2001 to 2009 and examines EU’s foreign policy towards China. The purpose of this study is to determine the weakness of Brussels’ China policy and to answer the question of whether or not the EU needs to adjust its policy in order to create a more thorough stance towards China.
Keywords: EU, China, foreign policy, EU-China relations, economic rise
Reference: Archick, Kristin and Richard F. Grimmett, Shirley Kan, “European Union’s Arms Embargo on China: Implications and Options for U.S. Policy,” CRS Report for Congress (April 15, 2005), accessed July 1.2012, http://fpc.state.gov/documents/organization/45458.pdf.

Baker, Philip , “Human Rights, Europe and the People's Republic of China,” The China Quarterly, (Volume 169 2002 ): 47, Eberhard Sandschneider, “China’s diplomatic relations with the states of Europe”, China Quarterly (169 March 2002): 33–45.

Barboza, David and Paul Meller, “China to Limit Textile Exports to Europe,” New York Times (June 11 2005), accessed July 1. 2012,
http://www.nytimes.com/2005/06/11/business/worldbusiness/11textile.html.

Barysch, Katinka and Charles Gran, et al., “Embracing the dragon The EU’s partnership with China,” Center for European Reform, (May 2005).

Bauer, Sybille and Eric Remacle. “Theory and Practice of Multi-Level Foreign Policy: The European Union’s Policy in the field of Arms Export Controls,” in B. Tonra and T. Christiansen, Rethinking European Foreign Policy, (Manchaster Manchester University Press), 2004.

Bromley, Mark and Paul Holtom et. al. “Recent Trends in the Arms Trade,” SIPRI Background Paper, (April 2009), accessed 1 July 2012, http://books.sipri.org/files/misc/SIPRIBP0904a.pdf.

Burkar, Eberlein and Abraham L. Newman, “Escaping the international governance dilemma? Incorporated transgovernmental networks in the European Union,” Governance: An International Journal of Policy, Administration, and Institutions, (vol. 21, no. 1, January 2008): 25–52.

Callahan, William A., “Future imperfect: The European Union’s encounter with China (and the United States),” Journal of Strategic Studies, Volume 30, Issue 4-5, (2007): 777-807.

Caruso, Raul, To Lift or not to Lift? A Few Notes on theLifting of the European Arms Embargo on China, Crossroads, (Vol. 5, n. 1), accessed 1 July 2012, http://works.bepress.com/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1013&context=raul_caruso.

Casarini, Nicola, “Remaking Global Order: The Evolution of Europe China Relations and Its Implications for East Asia and the United States”.(Oxford: Oxford University Press 2009): 24.

Casarini, Nicola , “October 2006 The evolution of the EU- China relationship: from constructive engagement to strategic partnership,” Political Science, (vol. 33, no. October 2006), accessed July 1.2012. http://www.iss.europa.eu/uploads/media/occ64.pdf.

Chen, Shaohua and Martin Ravallion, “The Developing World Is Poorer Than We Thought, but No Less Successful in the Fight Against Poverty” The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 125(4), (2010): 1577-1625.
European Commission “EU-China relations: a maturing partnership,” (2003), accessed July 1.2012, http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=COM:2003:0533:FIN:EN:PDF.

Commission of the European Communities “EU – China: Closer partners, growing responsibilities,” (2003), accessed July 1.2012, http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=COM:2003:0533:FIN:EN:PDF.

Council of The European Union, “Declaration by the Presidency on behalf of the European Union on the decision of the Taiwanese leader regarding the NUC,” (March 6.2006), accessed 1 July 2012, http://www.consilium.europa.eu/uedocs/cms_data/docs/pressdata/en/cfsp/88561.pdf.

Dayaratna-Banda, O.G. and John Whalley, “After the Multifibre Arrangement, the China Containment Agreements,” Asia-Pacific Trade and Investment Review, Vol. 3, No. 1, ( June 2007), accessed July 1.2012.

Hill Christopher, “European Foreign Policy: Power Bloc, Civilian Model – or Flop” in R. Rummel (ed.), The Evolution of an International Actor, (Boulder Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1992): 84.



Hix, Simon and Bjorn Hoyland, “The political System of the European Union,” 2nd ed. (London Palgrave 2005), Hazel Smith, “European Union Foreign Policy,” (London Pluto 2002).

Eberlein, Burkard and Abraham L. Newman, “Escaping the international governance dilemma? Incorporated transgovernmental networks in the European Union,” Governance: An International Journal of Policy, Administration, and Institutions, (vol. 21, no. 1, January 2008): 25–52.

Erixon, Fredrik and Patrick Messerlin, “Containing Sino-European Protectionism,” Economic Affairs, Vol. 29, Issue 1, (2009), 83-85.

European Commission, “A maturing partnership - shared interests and challenges in EU-China relations and the Chinese government,” (August 9.2003), accessed July 1.2012, http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=COM:2000:0552:FIN:EN:PDF.

European Commission, "A long-term policy for China-Europe relations” accessed July 1. 2012, http://eeas.europa.eu/china/docs/com95_279_en.pdf, 2005.

Fox, John and François Godement, “A Power Audit of EU-China Relations”, European
Council on Foreign Relations, 1. accessed, April 1.2009, July 1. 2012,
http://ecfr.3cdn.net/532cd91d0b5c9699ad_ozm6b9bz4.pdf.

Fraser, Cameron (2009: The Development of EU-China Relations, European Studies, Volume 27, (2009), 57-58.

Hilpert, Hans G., Strategischer Wirtschaftsdialog der EU mir China,” SWP-Aktuell, 43, 1-4 (May 2008), accessed July 1.2012. http://www.swp-berlin.org/fileadmin/contents/products/aktuell/2008A43_hlp_ks.pdf.

Hilpert, Hanns G., „Chinas globale wirtschaftliche Herausforderung Für eine kohärente Außenwirtschaftspolitik Europas,“ (2010): accessed 1 July 2012,http://www.swp-berlin.org/fileadmin/contents/products/studien/2010_S29_hlp_ks.pdf.

Hilpert, Hans G., „Chinas globale wirtschaftliche Herausforderung - für eine kohärente Außenwirtschaftspolitik Europas,“ Deutsches Institut für Internationale Politik und Sicherheit, (Dezember 2010), accessed July 1. 2012, http://www.swp-berlin.org/fileadmin/contents/products/studien/2010_S29_hlp_ks.pdf.

Hughes, Alex, “France/China: Intercultural Imaginings” Legenda (London: MHRA and Maney Publishing, 2007 – Legenda Series Research Monographs in French Studies, 22 2007), 45.


European Commission, "A long-term policy for China-Europe relations,” (2005) accessed July 1. 2012, http://eeas.europa.eu/china/docs/com95_279_en.pdf.

European Commission, “European Council, National Indicative Programme 2005-2006 – China ” (2005), accessed July 1.2012, http://eeas.europa.eu/china/csp/05_06_nip_en.pdf.

European Commission, “China Strategy Paper, 2007-2013,” (2006), accessed July 1 2012, http://eeas.europa.eu/china/csp/07_13_en.pdf.

Ikenberry, John G., “The Rise of China and the Future of the West,” Foreign Affairs, 87:1, (Jan/Feb 2008), 23-37.

Krahmann, Elke, “Multilevel Networks in European Foreign Policy”, (Aldershot: Ashgare, 2003), Sybille Bauer and Eric Remacle. “Theory and Practice of Multi-Level Foreign Policy: The European Union’s Policy in the field of Arms Export Controls,” in B. Tonra and T. Christiansen, Rethinking European Foreign Policy, (Manchaster Manchester University Press), 2004.

Kuchins, Andrew, “The Emerging Sino-Russian Strategic Partnership and
Eurasian Security,” PONARS Policy Memo, Stanford University (1997).

McDonald, Joe, “China Discriminates Against Foreign Companies, Survey Says, China Discriminates Against Foreign Companies, Survey Says,” Huffington Post(May 25.2011), accessed 1 July 2012, http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/05/25/china-is-discriminating-against-foreign-companies_n_866682.html.

Min, Shu, “Dealing with an Emerging Economic Power: The EU's Trade Policy towards China,” (ECPR Joint Sessions of Workshops), (Lisbon, Portugal March 2009.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People’s Republic of China, “China’s EU Policy Paper,“ (October 13 2003), accessed July 1.2012, http:// wcm.fmprd.gov.cn/eng/zxxx/t27708.htm.
Narramore, Terry, “China and Europe : Engagement , Multipolarity and Strategy” The Pacific Review, 21 1 102 (2008 ).

Lichterbeck, Philipp, „Ein Jahr vor Olympia: Boykottaufrufe und Proteste,“ Tagesspiegel, (August 08.2007), accessed July 1.2012, http://www.tagesspiegel.de/politik/international/olympische-spiele-2008-ein-jahr-vor-olympia-boykottaufrufe-und-proteste/1008650.html,

Lewis, Paul, “China Warns Denmark On Resolution,” New York Times, (April 08.1997), accessed July 1.2012, http://www.nytimes.com/1997/04/08/world/china-warns-denmark-on-resolution.html.

Kristof, Nicholas D., “The Rise of China,” Foreign Affairs Vol. 72, No. 5 (1993), 59-74.

Prodi, Romano, ‘2000-2005: Shaping the New Europe’, speech to the European Parliament, Strasbourg, Speech 00/41, (15 February 2000), 3, accessed 1.July http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.do?reference=SPEECH/00/41&format=HTML&aged=1&language=EN&guiLanguage=en.

Margot Schüller, “The EU’s Policy towards China on Economic Issues: Between Disillusion and Dialogue”, in David Schambaugh and Gudrun Wacker (ed), American and European Relations with China Advancing Common Agendas, (SWP Research Paper June 3.2008), 18, accessed: 1 July 2012, http://www.swp-berlin.org/fileadmin/contents/products/research_papers/2008_RP03_shambaugh_wkr_ks.pdf.


Shambaugh, David, “Lifting the EU Arms Embargo on China: An American Perspective,” in: China’s Rise: Diverging U.S.–EU Perceptions and Approaches, Stiftung Wissenschaf und Politik (August 2005), 23.

Stohl, Rachel, “Wrangling Over Arms Sales to China, Foreign Policy in Focus,” Foreign Policy in Focus, (November 21.2006), accessed 1 July.2012, http://www.fpif.org/articles/wrangling_over_arms_sales_to_china#_ftn2

Stumbaum, May-Britt U, "Risky Business? The EU, China and Dual-Use Technology", Occasional Paper, EU Institute for Security Studies: Paris No.80 (October 2009).

Men, Jing, “The EU-China Political Dialogue”, EU-China Observer (Issue 5, 2010).

Möller, Kay, “Europe’s Policy: Neither Multipolar Nor Multilateral,” in: China’s Rise: The Return of Geopolitics?, ed Gudrun Wacker (Berlin Stiftung für Wissenschaft und Politik 2006), 69.

Nathan, Andrew J. and Tianjian Shi, China's Transition (New York Columbia University Press 1999), 336, Doug Guthrie, China and Globalization: The Social, Economic and Political Transformation of Chinese Society (New York and London Global Realities, 2008), 44.

Neßhöver, Christoph, „Deutsche und französische Chinapolitik 1989 bis 1997 im Vergleich,“ Asien Heft 73 (1999), 29-45.

Neßhöver, Christopher, „Die Chinapolitik Deutschlands und Frankreichs zwischen Aussenwirtschaftsförderung und Menschenrechtsorientierung (1989 bis 1997),“ Institut für Asienkunde (1999).

Nolan, Peter China in the Asian Financial Crisis (Cambridge: University of Cambridge 2004): 300.

Möller, Kay „Europa-China: Die ordnungs- und sicherheitspolitische Dimension” (presentation fort the forum "Europa-China" in Munich, Germany), 20.11.1999.


Rosecrance, Richard, “Power and International Relations: The Rise of China and its Effects,” International Studies Perspectives (February 2006), 31-35

Sandschneider, Eberhard, “China’s Diplomatic Relations with the States of
Europe”, The China Quarterly, 169: 33-44. (2002): 33.

Shambaugh, David “China and Europe: The Emerging Axis”, Current History,
(September, 2004), 243-8, accessed July 1.2012 http://www.brookings.edu/views/articles/shambaugh/20040901.pdf.

Schüller, Margott, “The EU’s Policy on China on Economic Issues: Between Disillusion and Dialogue.” In American and European Relations with China, Advancing Common Agendas, David Shambaugh, Gudrun Wacker, ed., Deutsches Institut für Internationale Politik und Sicherheit, (December 2010), 65-78, accessed July 1. 2012, http://www.swp-berlin.org/fileadmin/contents/products/research_papers/2008_RP03_shambaugh_wkr_ks.pdf

Stumbaum, May-Britt U., “The EU and China. EU Decision-Making in Foreign and Security Policy toward the People’s Republic of China", (Baden-Baden: Nomos 2009)

Stumbaum, May-Britt, “Engaging China – Uniting Europe? The EU’s Common Foreign and Security Policy towards China”, in The Road Towards Convergence: European Foreign Policy in an Evolving International System, Costanza Musu and Nicola Casarini (eds.), (London: Palgrave MacMillan), 65.

Taneja, Pradeep, “China-Europe relations : The limits of strategic partnership,” International Politics, (May-July 2010), 371-387.

Taube, Markus, „Entwicklung und Status quo der Wirtschaftsbeziehungen der Europäischen Union zur Volksrepublik China, in: Susanne Luther and Opitz, Peter, ed. Die Beziehungen der Volksrepublik China zu Westeuropa. Bilanz und Ausblick am Beginn des 21. Jahrhunderts, Argumente und Materialien zum Zeitgeschehen, (Munich 2000).

Möller, Kay, “Europe’s Policy: Neither Multipolar Nor Multilateral,” in: China’s Rise: The Return of Geopolitics?, ed Gudrun Wacker (Berlin Stiftung für Wissenschaft und Politik 2006), 69.

Umbach, Frank, “EU’s links with China pose new threat to transatlantic relations,” European Affairs (Spring 4-6 2004).

Vogel, Ezra F., “The Four Little Dragons: The Spread of Industrialization in East Asia” (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1991)

Taube Markus, „Entwicklung und Status quo der Wirtschaftsbeziehungen der Europäischen Union zur Volksrepublik China, in: Susanne Luther and Opitz, Peter, ed. Die Beziehungen der Volksrepublik China zu Westeuropa. Bilanz und Ausblick am Beginn des 21. Jahrhunderts, Argumente und Materialien zum Zeitgeschehen, (Munich 2000).

Wacker, Gudrun, “Lifting the EU arms embargo against China U.S. and EU positions,” German Institute for International and Security Studies, (February 2005), 13, accessed July 1. 2012, http://www.swp-berlin.org/fileadmin/contents/products/arbeitspapiere/2005_02Wkr_eu_embargo_ks.pdf.

Wallace, William and Helen Wallace, “Policy Making in the European Union”, 4th ed., (Oxford: Oxford University Press 2000)

White, Brian, “The European challenge to foreign policy analysis,” European Journal of International Relations, (vol. 5, no.1 1999): 37-68., Walter Carlsnaes and Helene Sjursen et.al., Contemporary European Foreign Policy. (London: Sage Publishers 2004).

Zaborowski, Marcin, “EU-China Security Relations,” in Stanley Crossick and Etienne Reuter China-EU: A Common Future (World Scientific Publishing Company, 2007).

Zheng, Bijian , “China's 'peaceful rise' to grate power status,” Foreign Affairs, (Number 5, Sept/Oct 2005), 18-24.

Zhu, Liqun “Chinese perceptions of the EU and the China-Europe relationship”, in China-Europe Relations: Perceptions, Policies and Projects, ed. David Shambaugh, Eberhard Sandschneider and Zhou Hong, (Londong and New York: Routledge, 2008).



Internet



Auswärtiges Amt, „Beziehungen zwischen der Volksrepublik China und Deutschland,“ (April 2012), accessed July 1.2012, http://www.auswaertiges-amt.de/DE/Aussenpolitik/Laender/Laenderinfos/China/Bilateral_node.html#doc334538bodyText4.

Bannas, Guenter, „Deutschland und China Politischer Anker,“ FAZ, (February 05.2012), accessed July 1.2012, http://m.faz.net/aktuell/politik/ausland/deutschland-und-china-politischer-anker-11638610.html.

BBC, “German train deal for Shanghai” (21 January, 2001), accessed July 1.2012, http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/1129295.stm, 21 January, 2001.

BBC, “EU extends Chinese shoe tariffs,” December 2009, accessed July 1.2012, http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/8426432.stm.

BBC, Hong Kong handed over to China, (December 31.1997), accessed July 1.2012, http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/special_report/for_christmas/_new_year/events_of_the_year/41020.stm

BBC, “China drill before Taiwan poll,” (March 16.2003), accessed July 1.2012, http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/3512088.stm.

Beste, Ralf, Ralf Neukirch and Matthias Schepp, “Merkel Foreign Policy Is Bad for Business,” Spiegel Online, (October 23.2007), accessed 1.July.2012. http://www.spiegel.de/international/germany/the-cost-of-being-honest-merkel-foreign-policy-is-bad-for-business-a-513067-2.html.

Buck, Naomi “While Germany Debates its China Policy, France Is Doing Good Business,” Spiegel Online International, (November 27 2007), accessed July 1 2012,
http://www.spiegel.de/international/germany/the-world-from-berlin-while-germany-debates-its-china-policy-france-is-doing-good-business-a-519960.html.

BBC, “Dalai Lama meets Blair,” (May 11.1999), accessed July 1.2012, http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/politics/340564.stm.

BBC, “Brown calls for China trade boost,” (2 February 2009), accessed July 1.2012, http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/7864245.stm.

Business Library, “Transrapid wins maglev deal in shanghai - World report,” (March, 2001), accessed July 1.2012 http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0BQQ/is_3_41/ai_81006263/,

China Daily, “China, France hold joint naval drill,” (April 162004), accessed July 1 2012, http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/english/doc/2004-03/16/content_315366.htm,

ChinaPost, “The China Post Sarkozy meets Dalai Lama as China fumes,” (December 7, 2008), accessed July 1.2012, http://www.chinapost.com.tw/china/local-news/tibet/2008/12/07/186515/Sarkozy-meets.htm.

CNN, “China adds voice to Iraq war doubts”, (January 23, 2003), accessed July 1. 2012,
http://edition.cnn.com/2003/WORLD/asiapcf/east/01/23/sprj.irq.china/index.html.

French Ministry of Foreign Affairs, “France and China, Country Files” (2007), accessed July 1.2012, http://www.diplomatie.gouv.fr/en/country-files/china-506/france-and-china_5691/index.html.

Focus online, „Menschenrechte werden Thema,“ (21.05.2006), accessed July 1.2012, http://www.focus.de/politik/deutschland/merkels-chinabesuch_aid_109294.html.

Davidson, Ros, “EU-China tariff war hits shoes,” The Guardian, (7 April 2006), accessed July 1.2012, http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2006/apr/07/china.globalisation.

Deutsche Welle, „Merkel will für Menschenrechte eintreten“ (February 02.2012), accessed 1 July 2012, http://www.dw.de/dw/article/0,,15706429,00.html.

Die Deutsche Bundesregierung, Unterrichtung durch die Bundesregierung, Asienkonzept Bundesregierung, (1993), accessed July 1.2012, http://www.asienhaus.de/public/archive/brdasia.htm.

Ding Qingfen’ “China files WTO plaint against EU shoe levy,” ChinaDaily, February 5.2010., accessed July 1.2012, http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/bizchina/2010-02/05/content_9433402.htm

Embassy of the People’s Republic of China in the United States of America, “White Paper - The One-China Principle and the Taiwan Issue,” (August 6.1993), accessed 1 July 2012, http://www.china-embassy.org/eng/zt/twwt/White%20Papers/t36705.htm

Financial Times, “Peter Pentagon warns EU on sale of arms to China,”
(December 23, 2004), accessed 1 July 2012, http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/4626b21a-5514-11d9-9974-00000e2511c8.html#axzz1xqxQ078mv.


EU Business “EU, China voice 'differences' on human rights,” (June 29.2011, accessed July 1.2012, http://www.eubusiness.com/news-eu/china-rights.5dg/.

Euobserver, "German business chiefs criticize China”, (July 19.2010), accessed July 1. 2012, http://euobserver.com/884/30499.

Euronews, “Reservations remain on lifting EU’s China arms embargo,” (February 05.2011) accessed July 1. 2012, http://www.euronews.net/2011/01/05/reservations-remain-on-lifting-eu-s-china-arms-embargo/.

Fan Junmei “Experts: China little affected by US financial crisis” China.org.cn, (Septembter, 19.2009), accessed July, 01. 2012, http://www.china.org.cn/business/news/2008-09/19/content_16504424.htm.

Fineman, Josh and Alexis Leondis, “Europe Overtakes North America as World’s Wealthiest”, Bloomberg, (September 15, 2009), accessed July 1, 2012, http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&sid=aL5a46f2RjVA

Fraser, Cameron, “The Development of EU-China Relations,” European Studies, Volume 27, (2009), 57-58.

Fox, John and François Godement, “A Power Audit of EU-China Relations”, European
Council on Foreign Relations, 1, accessed, April 1.2009, July 1. 2012,
http://ecfr.3cdn.net/532cd91d0b5c9699ad_ozm6b9bz4.pdf.

Human Rights Watch, “China/EU: Rights Dialogue Needs Clear Results,” (June 15. 2011) accessed July 1. 2012, http://www.hrw.org/news/2011/06/15/chinaeu-rights-dialogue-needs-clear-results.

International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development, “EU and China Reach WTO Accession Agreement,” (May 23 2000), accessed July 1.2012, http://ictsd.org/i/news/bridgesweekly/88831/.

Menges, Constantine C., “China: a Policy of Realistic Not Unconditional Engagement,” Hudson Institute, http://www.hudson.org/index.cfm?fuseaction=publication_details&id=3175&pubType=RusChin

Moules, Jonathan, “Businesses raise their profile in China,” Financial Times (February 21, 2005), accessed July 1.2012, http://www.ft.com/intl/cms/s/0/3757a998-83ad-11d9-bee3-00000e2511c8.html#axzz1yKtykT34.

New York Times, “Beijing assails Sarkozy for meeting Dalai Lama”, (December 7, 2008) ,accessed 1 July 1 2012, http://www.nytimes.com/2008/12/07/world/europe/07iht-france.4.18467673.html.

People’s Daily, “Online, EU trade chief urges unblocking of Chinese textiles,” (August 31, 2005), accessed July 1.2012, http://english.people.com.cn/200508/31/eng20050831_205434.html.

Retman, Andrew, “EU to keep China arms embargo despite massive investments,” euobserver, January 05.2011, accessed July 1. 2012, http://euobserver.com/884/31592.

Poole, Teresa, “Hong Kong handover: Blair accepts invitation to visit China,” The Independent, (July 1.1997), accessed 1.July.2012, http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/hong-kong-handover-blair-accepts-invitation-to-visit-china-1248371.html.

Sandford, Alasdair, “How French protests rained on China's Olympic parade,” The Guadian, (April 7.2008), accessed July 1.20212, http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2008/apr/07/olympicgames2008.france .


Spiegel Online International, “Pressure Growing on Merkel to Fix Squabble with China,” (November 27.2007), accessed 1 July.2012, http://www.spiegel.de/international/germany/german-chinese-relations-pressure-growing-on-merkel-to-fix-squabble-with-china-a-519976.html.

Süddeutsche Zeitung „EU-Außenkommissarin droht mit Boykott“, (March 03.2008), accessed July 2012, http://www.sueddeutsche.de/politik/olympische-spiele-in-peking-eu-aussenkommissarin-droht-mit-boykott-1.269777.

Taipei Times, “China, Germany plan 17 trade pacts,” December 06.2004
accessed July 1.2012, http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/worldbiz/archives/2004/12/06/2003214019.

The UK Defence Forum, “New Directions in UK Foreign Policy Presentation to the Australian Institute of International Affairs,” (August 5.1997), accessed July 1.2012,
http://www.ukdf.org.uk/assets/downloads/assets/writings/articles/older/artukfp.html

The Guardian, “Robin Cook’s speech on the government’s ethical foreign policy, The
speech by Robin Cook that started it all”, (December 05.1997), accessed July 1.2012, http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/1997/may/12/indonesia.ethicalforeignpolicy.

WTO, “China and the WTO,” accessed July 1.2012, http://www.wto.org/english/thewto_e/countries_e/china_e.htm.

Wyatt, Caroline, “Chirac bid to lift China arms ban,” BBC, (8 October. 2004), accessed, July 1.2012, http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/3725942.stm.

Xinhuanet, “China, Germany to launch inter-governmental consultation”, (April 1 2011), accessed July 1. 2012,
http://news.xinhuanet.com/english2010/china/2011-04/01/c_13809476.htm.

Xinhua, “Solana concerned over Taiwan leaders' comment” (October 26.2007), accessed 1 July 2012, http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/china/2007-10/26/content_6209103.htm.

Zaborowski, Marcin, “EU-China Security Relations,” in Stanley Crossick and Etienne Reuter China-EU: A Common Future (World Scientific Publishing Company, 2007).
Description: 碩士
國立政治大學
亞太研究英語碩士學位學程(IMAS)
98926020
100
Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0098926020
Data Type: thesis
Appears in Collections:[亞太研究英語博/碩士學位學程(IDAS/IMAS) ] 學位論文

Files in This Item:

File SizeFormat
602001.pdf868KbAdobe PDF487View/Open


All items in 學術集成 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.


社群 sharing