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Title: 伊斯蘭、軍事與民主統治:以蘇丹為例
Islam、the military and democratic rules: the case of Sudan
Authors: 陳迪華
Chen, Cecilia
Contributors: 蔡源林
陳迪華
Chen, Cecilia
Keywords: 魅力
馬赫迪
蘇丹
溫瑪黨
伊斯蘭民主神學
伊斯蘭社會神學
Charisma
Mahdi
Sudan
Umma
Islamic Democratic Theology
Islamic Social Theology
Date: 2011
Issue Date: 2012-10-30 11:26:08 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 魅力(Charisma)型領袖Muhammad Ahmad運用馬赫迪(Mahdi)神學號召群眾推翻土耳其殖民統治;蘇丹獨立初期Abd al-Rahman繼承馬赫迪宗教領袖的權威,結合民族主義,主張蘇丹獨立的政治理念,將宗教組織轉換為溫瑪黨進入公領域,成為議會時期主導民主政治的宗教政治菁英。Abd al-Rahman歸真後,他的孫子Sadiq al-Mahdi歷經三次軍變和三次議會時期,轉換馬赫迪神學,號召民眾起來為蘇丹民主和獨立而奮戰,推動民主進程結合宗教聖戰的概念對抗軍事統治政權。蘇丹在全球化多元政治制度衝擊下,伊斯蘭政治神學成為解決蘇丹內政問題的一種「神學替代方案」以取代今日的民主政體和極權體制。本論文討論蘇丹政治神學如「伊斯蘭民主神學」及「伊斯蘭社會神學」與近代政治制度的融合和交互作用下,探討群眾運動與六次政治體制轉換的關係。
The charisma leader Muhammad Ahmad used the Mahdi theology to call a large mass of people that overthrew the Turkish colonial rule. In the early independent time, Abd al-Rahman combined nationalism with his inherited Mahdi power. He advocated an ideal of “Independent Sudan” in public and transformed his religious organization into the Umma party. After Abd al-Rahman passed away, his grandson Sadiq al-Mahdi had gone through three times the rotation of the democratic and military rules. Sadiq al-Mahdi has changed the Mahdi theology that calls people “jihad”for Sudan’s democracy and independency. He also proclaims a democratic progress with jihad against the military rule. As a result, Sudan, influenced by the globalized pluralist political system, chooses Islamic political system as a “theocratic alternative” to the present democratic and authoritarian systems to solve her domestic problems. This thesis discusses how Sudan’s political theologies, including “Islamic Democratic Theology” and “Islamic Social Theology”, interacted with the modern political systems and its outcomes to the relation between the mass movements and the six-time transitions between the democratic and military rules.
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Description: 碩士
國立政治大學
宗教研究所
98156010
100
Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0098156010
Data Type: thesis
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