Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://ah.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/55055


Title: 生死之間:戒嚴時期政治案件死刑判決之研究
Between life and death: Death penalty in political cases during the martial law period
Authors: 謝孟達
Hsieh, Mehn Dah
Contributors: 吳乃德
魏玫娟

Wu, Nai Teh
Wei, Mei Chuan

謝孟達
Hsieh, Mehn Dah
Keywords: 白色恐怖
轉型正義
死刑
國家暴力
責任
White Terror
transitional justice
death penalty
state violence
responsibility
Date: 2012
Issue Date: 2012-10-30 15:23:17 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 一個國家發生大規模國家暴力之後,檢討相關人員的責任,向來是重要的轉型正義議題,可是這個議題在台灣因為多種原因,長期被忽略。長達三十八年的戒嚴期間,上萬人因叛亂、匪諜嫌疑被捕、遭判重刑,至少八百人失去生命。在這種官僚式壓迫的體系中,檢討相關人員責任前,須先了解當初他們在暴力行動的參與中如何做出決定。本文藉由判決書檔案,探索並評析軍事法官如何針對政治案件進行判案,並且將人民判處死刑。從中發現幾項事實,可供未來檢討這些法官刑事與道德責任之基礎。法官的判決與論述中,除了曾經出現違法的情形外,亦不乏相同犯罪事實,判決標準不一致,以及違反人權精神等例證。另一方面,確實也曾經出現較為人道的判決。這些事實顯示當時法官擁有裁量權,選擇空間是存在無疑的。從而,部分選擇剝奪人民生命的法官,可能面臨道德上更大的非難。
As massive state violence subsides, the issue of holding those who carried out such violence into account has always been an important concern. Yet due to numerous reasons, such issue has been long ignored in Taiwan. During the 38-year-long martial law period, tens of thousands of citizens were arrested and severely condemned on charges of subversion or espionage. In such bureaucratic oppressive regime, the decision-making process should be studied prior to the discussion of responsibility. By studying the verdicts, this thesis focuses on exploring and analyzing how death sentences were made by military judges. The results show that not only illegal verdicts have ever occurred, but also the inconsistencies between verdicts with similar criminal facts, as well as examples in violation of human rights spirit. On the other hand, there were indeed some cases where the judges ruled more humanely. In all, these facts demonstrate that the judges did have powers of dicretion, and room for choice undoubtedly existed. Hence, the acts of certain judges, who under the same circumstances chose nevertheless to deprive lives of certain citizens, may seem to be more morally reproachable.
Reference: 壹、中文

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〈(41)安潔字第2695號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0041/3132266/266
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〈(41)安潔字第3093號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0041/3132277/277
〈(41)安潔字第3095號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0041/3132280/280
〈(41)安潔字第3193號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0041/3132281/281
〈(41)安潔字第3220號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0041/3132285/285
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〈(42)安度字第0756號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0041/3132246/246
〈(42)安度字第0762號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0042/3132294/294
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〈(42)審三字第0022號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0043/3132363/363/1/001
〈(42)審三字第0025號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0042/3132329/329
〈(42)審三字第0034號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0043/3132336/336
〈(42)審三字第0041號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0042/3132322/322
〈(42)審三字第0046號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0042/3132312/312
〈(42)審三字第0049號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0042/3132310/310
〈(42)審三字第0054號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0042/3132321/321
〈(42)審三字第0056號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0042/3132319/319
〈(42)審三字第0059號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0042/3132318/318
〈(42)審三字第0060號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0043/3132352/352
〈(42)審三字第0061號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0042/3132333/333
〈(42)審三字第0063號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0042/3132325/325
〈(42)審三字第0065號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0042/3132317/317
〈(42)審三字第0068號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0042/3132337/337
〈(42)審三字第0071號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0042/3132331/331
〈(42)審三字第0079號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0042/3132345/345
〈(42)審三字第0084號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0043/3132350/350
〈(42)審三字第0090號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0043/3132335/335
〈(42)審三字第0092號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0042/3132341/341
〈(42)審三字第0105號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0043/3132344/344
〈(42)審三字第0114號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0043/3132346/346
〈(42)審復字第0001號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0042/3132297/297
〈(42)審復字第0030號〉,檔號:B3750187701/0041/1571.3/1111/36/020
〈(42)審復字第0038號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0043/3132349/349
〈(42)審復字第0039號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0043/3132347/347
〈(42)清訐字第0046號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0042/3132314/314/1/002
〈(43)審復字第0015號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0043/3132334/334
〈(43)審復字第0017號〉,檔號:B3750187701/0042/1571.3/1111/47/054
〈(43)審復字第0051號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0043/3132364/364
〈(43)審復字第0059號〉,檔號:B3750187701/0039/1571.3/1111/3/020
〈(43)審三字第0009號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0043/3132351/351
〈(43)審三字第0010號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0043/3132377/377
〈(43)審三字第0015號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0043/3132353/353/1/004
〈(43)審三字第0017號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0043/3132367/367
〈(43)審三字第0023號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0042/3132324/324/1/002
〈(43)審三字第0050號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0043/3132396/396
〈(43)審三字第0061號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0043/3132370/370
〈(43)審三字第0078號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0043/3132375/375
〈(43)審三字第0085號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0043/3132379/379
〈(43)審三字第0086號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0043/3132378/378
〈(43)審三字第0088號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0042/3132340/340/1/001
〈(43)審三字第0092號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0044/3132401/401
〈(43)審三字第0099號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0043/3132385/385
〈(43)審三字第0100號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0045/3132440/440
〈(43)審三字第0102號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0044/3132383/383
〈(43)審三字第0112號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0044/3132384/384
〈(43)審三字第0119號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0044/3132414/414
〈(43)審三字第0121號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0043/3132358/358
〈(43)審三字第0122號〉,檔號:B3750187701/0039/1571.3/1111
〈(43)審三字第0130號〉,檔號:A305440000C/0045/276.11/9122.32
〈(43)審三字第0132號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0044/3132399/399
〈(43)審三字第0135號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0044/3132408/408
〈(43)審三字第0145號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0044/3132393/393
〈(43)審三字第0155號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0044/3132411/411
〈(43)審三字第0156號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0044/3132400/400
〈(44)理玷字第0211號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0044/3132436/436
〈(44)審特字第0006號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0044/3132404/404
〈(44)審特字第0012號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0045/3132446/446
〈(44)審特字第0026號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0044/3132437/437
〈(44)審特字第0028號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0044/3132431/431
〈(44)審特字第0033號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0043/3132358/358/1/005
〈(44)審特字第0043號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0044/3132423/423
〈(44)審特字第0047號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0044/3132429/429
〈(44)審特字第0052號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0044/3132430/430
〈(44)審特字第0081號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0044/3132432/432
〈(44)審特字第0092號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0045/3132435/435
〈(44)審特字第0098號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0045/3132445/445
〈(44)審特字第0115號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0045/3132442/442
〈(44)有審字第0049號〉,檔號:B3750187701/0043/1571.3/1111/49/021
〈(44)有審字第0071號〉,檔號:B3750187701/0043/1571.3/1111/49/032
〈(44)有審字第0073號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0044/3132427/427
〈(44)警靂判字第0200號〉,檔號:B3750187701/0043/1571.3/1111/49/088
〈(44)審復字第0020號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0044/3132401/401/1/001
〈(44)審復字第0022號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0041/3132365/365/1/012
〈(44)審復字第0024號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0044/3132176/176
〈(44)審復字第0026號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0044/3132409/409/1/004
〈(44)審復字第0035號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0043/3132352/352/1/007
〈(44)審復字第0036號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0044/3132414/414/1/004
〈(44)審復字第0037號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0044/3132411/411/1/005
〈(44)審復字第0043號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0045/3132439/439
〈(45)法(二)字第0042號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0046/3132421/421
〈(45)典具字第0001號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0043/3132539/539
〈(45)審復字第0006號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0044/3132398/398/1/004
〈(45)審復字第0018號〉,檔號:B3750187701/0039/1571/9154/6/101
〈(45)審特字第0016號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0045/3132416/416
〈(45)審特字第0022號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0045/3132419/419
〈(45)審特字第0007號〉,檔號:B3750187701/0042/1571.3/1111/38/053
〈(45)審特字第0030號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0046/3132451/451
〈(45)覆高(二)字第0031號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0046/3132422/422
〈(46)審特字第0029號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0047/3132471/471
〈(46)鑑措字第0039號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0046/3132455/455
〈(46)覆高(一)字第0013號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0046/3132452/452
〈(46)覆高(一)字第0028號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0046/3132454/454
〈(47)立範字第0064號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0047/3132462/462
〈(47)立範字第0096號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0047/3132461/461
〈(47)警更審字第0001號〉,檔號:B3750187701/0039/1571/01280024/99/073
〈(47)審更字第0005號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0045/3132440/440
〈(47)審特字第0010號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0048/3132470/470/1/002
〈(47)警審特字第1號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0047/3132463/463
〈(48)審三字第0152號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0044/3132389/389
〈(48)詔詰字第0017號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0048/3132469/469
〈(48)警審特字第0008號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0048/3132477/477
〈(48)警審特字第0023號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0049/3132479/479
〈(48)警審特字第0029號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0049/3132483/483
〈(48)警審特字第0032號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0049/3132486/486
〈(48)警審特字第0033號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0049/3132480/480
〈(48)覆高字第0031號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0048/3132473/473
〈(49)警審特字第0004號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0049/3132487/487
〈(49)警審特字第0047號〉,檔號:A305440000C/0048/276.11/0864
〈(50)審特字第0016號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0050/3132492/492
〈(50)警審特字第0003號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0050/3132494/494
〈(51)警審特字第0054號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0052/278.11/380
〈(51)警審特字第0069號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0052/3132512/512
〈(51)警審特字第0084號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0052/3132509/509
〈(51)警審更字第0019號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0051/3132502/502
〈(51)警審更字第0019號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0051/3132515/515
〈(51)鏡棠字第0066號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0051/3132505/505
〈(52)警審特字第0007號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0052/3132517/517
〈(53)分判字第0002號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0052/3132514/514
〈(53)法審字第1754號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0053/3132525/525
〈(53)法審字第3221號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0053/278.11/439
〈(53)新判字第0024號〉,檔號:A305400000C/0053/1571/4480
〈(53)明審字第0001號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0053/3132521/522
〈(54)警審特字第0005號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0054/3132532/532
〈(54)警審特字第0008號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0054/3132536/536
〈(54)警審特字第0024號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0054/3132535/535
〈(56)度安中判字第012號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0056/3132013/1311
〈(57)從公字第0029號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0058/1571/077
〈(57)從公字第0050號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0058/1571/046
〈(58)初特字第0050號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0059/3132030/30
〈(58)初特字第0062號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0060/1571/072
〈(59)初特字第0025號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0060/3132064/64
〈(59)初特字第0028號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0059/3132033/33
〈(59)初特字第0031號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0059/3132024/24
〈(59)更字第0007號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0055/3132009/9
〈(59)更字第0012號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0058/1571/115
〈(59)勁需字第5325號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0055/3132007/7
〈(59)覆高輯字第0044號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0059/1571/142
〈(60)覆高衡帝字第0017號〉,檔號:A305000000C/0061/1571/1010/1-1/004
〈(60)聿弼判字第0007號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0060/3132072/72
〈(60)聿弼判字第0017號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0060/1571/101
〈(60)初特字第0011號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0060/3132070/70
〈(60)初特字第0016號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0060/1571/103
〈(60)初特字第0040-61號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0061/3132062/62
〈(60)初特字第0056號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0060/3132074/74
〈(61)初特字第0046號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0061/3132090/90
〈(61)初特字第0059號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0061/3132085/85
〈(63)初特字第0020號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0063/3132114/114
〈(68)諫判字第0013號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0068/3132160/160
〈(70)障判字第0044號〉,檔號:B3750347701/0070/3132124/124

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Description: 碩士
國立政治大學
國家發展研究所
98261003
101
Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0098261003
Data Type: thesis
Appears in Collections:[國家發展研究所] 學位論文

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