Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
|Other Titles:||1942:The Discourse of Overcoming Modernity$S Impact on Chinese and Taiwanese Literature|
|Issue Date:||2012-11-05 17:00:03 (UTC+8)|
In the course of world-wide modernization, 1942 was a pivotal year in the history of East and West. During this year, Japanese Empire was reaching its apex in the military engagement in the Greater East Asian War while a group of very renown Japanese intellectuals rallied to a roundtable discussion named “Overcoming Modernity” sponsored by a magazine called Literary Circle (Bungakkai) to brainstorm a discourse for justifying the war initiated by the imperial government. The participants of this discussion encouraged Japanese people to denounce the modernization movement introduced by the western capitalist countries like England and America. And they also supported an alternative modernity by returning to the cultural tradition of Japan in order to develop a Japanese modernity. Almost at the same time, the two important intellectuals of the Frankfurt School in Germany, Max Horkheimer and Theodor W. Adorno published a famous book entitled Dialectics of Enlightenment, in which both of them critically criticized the decadence of capitalism brought by the rapid development of modernization and denounced the war launched by the German government. Whereas the Japanese intellectuals who sided themselves with the military policy of their government fostered a Japanese-style modernization to replace a Western-style modernization, the scholars of the Frankfurt School took the opposed position to their hawkish government by a critical attitude toward modernization. Between these two types of critical modernity, there came the third voice from wartime China. Mao Tse-Tung in his powerbase at Yenan gave a significant speech to Chinese revolutionary writers entitled “An Yenan Talk at the Roundtable Discussion on Literature and Arts”. In the talk, Mao emphasized the potential cultural power hidden among Chinese peasant life where had preserved splendid abundance of cultural tradition and encouraged those writers who rallied to him to go to the people. He intentionally pointed out that western capitalism and modernization accompanied by the invasion of imperialism had corrupted Chinese society. His view of overcoming modernity drew a very clear line with imperialist modernization. This project aims to analyze the literary texts produced by Japanese writers in colonial Taiwan, revolutionary writers in leftist China, and Chinese literary collaborators in areas like Nanking and Peiping occupied by Japanese during wartime and attempts to inquire into the myths and reality centering on the different ways of thinking about overcoming modernity expressed by writers and intellectuals in colonial Taiwan, revolutionary China, and Chinese puppet areas occupied by Japanese.
|Appears in Collections:||[臺灣文學研究所] 國科會研究計畫|
Files in This Item:
All items in 學術集成 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.