Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://ah.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/56074


Title: 中國大陸重商主義發展模式之分析:以石油能源部門之全球戰略佈局為例-子計畫三:中國大陸重商主義發展模式之分析:以中亞石油能源戰略布局為例(II)
Other Titles: The Analysis of China$S Mercantilist Development Model: the Case of the Strategic Arrangement of the Oil Energy toward Central Asia
Authors: 魏百谷
Contributors: 行政院國家科學委員會
國立政治大學俄羅斯研究所
Keywords: 中國大陸;重商主義;石油能源部門
China-Central Asia Relations;Oil Diplomacy;Central Asia;Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO)
Date: 2012
Issue Date: 2012-11-28 16:07:33 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 中國自1993年成為石油淨進口國後,隨著經濟快速成長,石油缺口日益擴大。中亞是僅次於中東和西伯利亞的世界第三大石油儲藏區,又因地理鄰近性,而成為中國「走出去」策略的重點發展地區。中國在中亞的能源策略,係以外交為後盾,並以國營石油公司為操作工具,再輔以上海合作組織為能源合作的協調平台。然而,中國在中亞的石油能源策略,卻深受地緣政治影響,俄、美、中在中亞的戰略三角關係,影響中國在中亞的能源布局。中國與中亞進行石油能源合作,對中國而言,一可彌補石油缺口,二則確保石油供應安全。中國在中亞的主要能源合作對象為哈薩克、以及臨裏海的亞塞拜然,操作手法主要為股權併購、探勘開發與油管鋪設等模式,重點工作則是以投資方式,參與國外油源相關基礎設施,以及籌建陸路油氣管線。本計畫擬透過中國之重商主義發展模式,分析中國在中亞地區的石油能源戰略布局。研究子題為四:(一)中國在中亞的石油能源戰略布局有何具體內容?(二)中國如何發展與中亞的能源關係(三)大陸在中亞的石油能源戰略是否有其侷限性?(四)中國政府、中國國家石油公司、中亞政府、以及中亞的石油公司,此四者的互動為何?本研究的時間範疇,起自1991年年底,中亞國家陸續宣布脫離蘇聯獨立。而研究的地理範疇,就廣義而言,中亞地區除吉爾吉斯、哈薩克、塔吉克、土庫曼、烏茲別克外,尚涵蓋亞塞拜然、阿富汗與蒙古。然本計畫的探討焦點,除針對狹義的中亞地區,即前述吉、哈、塔、土、烏等中亞五國之外,並包括濱裏海的重要產油國,亦即亞塞拜然。此外,在分析的面向上,除最基本的石油進出口外,並將著墨於石油管線的運籌帷幄。
This research project intends to analyze China’s oil strategy toward Central Asia, including the energy cooperation models and challenges between China and Central Asia. In 1993, China has become a net importer of oil. Since then, China’s oil shortfall is expanding with its rapid economic growth. Central Asia has the world’s third largest reserves of oil. Central Asia is the key area of China’s “Going out” Policy because of oil, gas and geographical proximity. Energy has become an important aim of China’s foreign policy toward Central Asia. Chinese government uses the state-owned oil companies as the tool and the Shanghai Cooperation Organization as the platform of energy cooperation. There is energy competition among Russia, the United States and China in the region of Central Asia. In order to compensate for the oil shortfall and ensure the oil supply security, China promotes energy cooperation with Central Asia. The research tries to overview the concept and contents of China’s oil strategy toward Central Asia. Besides, this project attempts to evaluate and understand the internal factors that influence China’s oil strategy.
Relation: 基礎研究
學術補助
研究期間:10101~ 10112
研究經費:391仟元
Data Type: report
Appears in Collections:[俄羅斯研究所] 國科會研究計畫

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