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Title: Absence of a positive bias in social anxiety: the application of a directed forgetting paradigm
Authors: Hsu, W. Y
Liang, C. W
Hung, F. C
Wang, W. T
Lin, C. H
Contributors: 國立政治大學心理學系
Keywords: Social anxiety;Directed forgetting;Memory bias
Date: 2011-01
Issue Date: 2013-07-23 16:07:35 (UTC+8)
Abstract: The present study used a directed forgetting paradigm to investigate whether socially anxious individuals show a memory bias for social information. Socially anxious and non-anxious participants viewed three types of words: socially negative, socially positive, and neutral. Each word was presented on a computer screen and was followed by a cue instructing participants to either remember or forget the word. A free recall test and a recognition test were then administered by asking participants to recall and recognize both "to-be-remembered" and "to-be-forgotten" words. When compared to non-anxious participants, socially anxious participants showed a greater directed forgetting effect for socially positive words in the free recall test, indicating that socially anxious individuals more easily forget socially positive words than do non-anxious individuals. This result suggests that socially anxious individuals lack the positive bias (i.e., difficulty in forgetting socially positive information) displayed by non-anxious individuals.
Relation: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 42(2), 204-210
Data Type: article
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