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A study of effects of question types on junior high students' listening strategy choice while taking GEPT listening test
Ho, Pei Jung
Huang, Shu Chen
Ho, Pei Jung
|Issue Date:||2013-09-02 17:44:17 (UTC+8)|
2.整體來說，在聽力測驗作答時，國中學生較常使用後設認知策略。例如:理解監測(monitoring)，選擇性專注(selective attention)和前導組織(advance organizers)。然而，若細究不同的聽力題型，學生則較常使用不同認知策略。例如:當遇到較長的聽力內容，學生較常使用摘要(summarization)策略。而遇到較難的聽力內容，學生則慣用由下自上(bottom-up)策略。
The major purpose of the study is to examine whether question types influence junior high students’ listening performance and their listening strategy choice. The study is mainly concerned with three aspects: (1) whether students performed differently among the four different question types of GEPT listening section; (2) what kind of strategies did junior high students tend to use in the four types of questions; (3) whether proficiency level played a significant role in listening strategy choice among four question types.
GEPT elementary level of listening comprehension test and a questionnaire were used to collect quantitative data from 177 students in one public junior high school in Yilan Area. The items in the questionnaire were mainly adapted from Su (2007), which followed Vandergrift’s (1997) classification of strategy use. In this study, statistical analysis, including descriptive statistics, one-way ANOVA with Scheffe post- hoc test and two-way ANOVA were used to analyze the collected data.
The major findings are summarized as follows:
1.Junior high students performed differently in the four different types of listening questions. Factors that differentiate the four question types include the number of speaker, the content itself and the presence of pictures.
2.Generally speaking, junior high students tended to use metacognitive strategies, such as monitoring, selective attention and advance organizers more often in different question types. However, in specific question types, students appeared to have preference in using certain cognitive strategies. For example, students were
inclined to use summarization when encountering question type with longer listening text. They also tended to use bottom-up strategies to tackle with more difficulty text.
3.There was no significant interaction effect between question types and proficiency level. Overall on the four question types, students with high and low levels used same strategies. However, when examining strategy items specifically, high and low achievers had different preference for using strategy in different question types.
Finally, based on the findings in this study, several suggestions and implications were presented in the conclusion of the paper. First, teachers could help students analyze question types before listening test. Second, teachers could give students more kinds of listening activities to make students experience the effectiveness of using different kinds of listening strategies. Third, teachers could invite high level listeners to share their listening process so that low level listeners might learn from them.
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