Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://ah.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/60022


Title: 韻尾類比訓練對國小六年級學生英文讀字能力之成效研究
The effects of rime analogy training on word reading for efl sixth graders
Authors: 黃秀玉
Huang, Shiu Yu
Contributors: 殷允美
Yin, Yuen Mei
黃秀玉
Huang, Shiu Yu
Keywords: 韻尾類比
類比法
字母拼讀
提示字
韻尾識覺
解碼技巧
解碼策略
讀字
低程度學生
學習態度
字母與音的對應關係
rime analogy
analogy
phonics
clue words
rime awareness
decoding skills
decoding strategies
word reading
low proficiency students
learning attitudes
grapheme-phoneme correspondences
Date: 2009
Issue Date: 2013-09-04 14:54:52 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 本研究旨在探討韻尾類比訓練對國小六年級學生英文讀字能力、讀字態度之影響及其學習困難。研究分兩階段進行:第一階段為小規模之預試研究,第二階段則為正式實驗。預試研究後,研究者在教法、試題做修正改進,並經由了解學生之思考過程及學習困難後,再進一步設計更完整之訪談。
在正式實驗中,對象為桃園縣某國小二個六年級班級,並從二班各挑出25人做為實驗組及對照組。實驗組施以韻尾類比策略訓練,教材來源為學生二至五年級之教科書字彙以做為類比策略運用之基礎。對照組雖使用相同之教材,但教法則僅限於字母與音的對應關係。實驗時間為每週20分鐘(每週兩節英語之前10分鐘),持續十週。兩組學生在教學前後各施以讀字測驗及唸讀英文字態度問卷調查,訓練後則二組各選6名做為訪談對象以進一步了解他們的學習困難。
結果發現,二組學生在讀字能力上並無顯著差別,但在讀字態度上只有實驗組有顯著正向改變。比較二組學習困難則發現對照組之困難較為複雜。此外,實驗組之低程度學生在接受類比訓練後,在讀字能力及讀字態度上相較於對照組之低程度學生有非常明顯之進步。
以上研究結果顯示,韻尾類比策略訓練可以提升國小六年級學生英文認字能力亦能正向改變學生之讀字態度,尤其對低程度學生更為有效。最後根據本研究之結果及學生之學習困難提出教學建議,供未來國小英語教師英文讀字教學時之參考。
The purpose of this study is to explore the effects of rime analogy training on sixth graders with respect to their decoding skills, attitudinal changes towards reading English words, and perceived difficulties with word reading. The present study comprised 2 phases: the first being a small-scale pilot study, the second a formal study. The pilot functioned as a preparatory work for the formal study. In the pilot, the testing materials, instruments, and activities of the training were tested and revised to be more suitable for the formal study. From the students’ responses, the researcher obtained some insights about their thinking process and learning difficulties and this allowed for designing a more complete interview for the formal study.
In the formal study, there was an experimental group and a control group, each comprised of 25 sixth graders from two classes in one elementary school in Tao Yuan county. The experimental group received rime analogy training. The teaching materials were selected from the participants’ textbooks word bank, from the second grade to the fifth grade, as a basis for making analogy. The control group was taught with the same materials but received phonics instruction that focused only on grapheme-phoneme correspondences rules. Both groups received two 10-minute training sessions a week for 10 weeks, and were administered the same pre-and post-test (generalization test) to assess decoding skills, and a pre-and post-training questionnaire on attitudes toward reading English words. After the training, six participants from each group were further interviewed to understand their thinking process and perceived difficulties.
The findings are as follows. In terms of the decoding skills, the post generalization test showed that no significant statistical difference was found between the two groups. In light of the attitudinal changes, only within-group comparisons of the experimental group were significantly different. In view of perceived difficulties, the interviews revealed that the difficulties in the control group were more complicated than those in the experimental group. The most noteworthy finding is that the lowest-proficiency participants in the experimental group not only outperformed their counterparts in the control group in decoding skills, but also demonstrated far more positive attitudinal changes after the training.
The findings provide supporting evidence for the value of rime analogy training in promoting students’ decoding abilities and positively changing students’ learning attitudes. The nature of students’ perceived difficulties is also discussed, in respect of which several pedagogical implications and suggestions for future studies are outlined.
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REFERENCES (CHINESE)
Hsu, H. F. (2003) 培養兒童的文字認讀與拼寫能力: 三種發音教學方式的成效研究. 碩士論文, 國立台北師範學院.
Description: 碩士
國立政治大學
英語教學碩士在職專班
96951017
98
Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0096951017
Data Type: thesis
Appears in Collections:[英語教學碩士在職專班] 學位論文

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