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Title: Uses of Ter- in Malay: A Corpus-based Study
Authors: 鍾曉芳
Chung, Siaw-Fong
Contributors: 英文系
Keywords: Standard Malay;ter-;Passive;Active;Corpus;Grammaticalization
Date: 2011.03
Issue Date: 2013-11-12 18:10:02 (UTC+8)
Abstract: Many instances of ter- in Standard Malay of Malaysia have confusing active and passive forms (i.e., a construction such as [Noun TER-VP] can represent both active and passive functions). Two criteria, namely (a) substitution by a canonical passive marker, and (b) addition of the agentive phrase, are established in order to distinguish the passive and the active. Utilizing a modern corpus and a historical corpus, words comprised of passive terwere extracted and were then compared to the Malay canonical passive di- and the adversative passive kena. The results show that ter- appears less frequently than di- but more frequently than kena. Additionally, ter- is used informally in contexts related to personal daily life, typically denoting an unintended action. This study not only provides a criteria-based methodology to extract a particularmeaning from the multiple meanings of a grammatical morpheme, but also it discusses the grammaticalization process of these different functions of ter- utilizing corpora data. The results indicate that ter- develops from perfected to imperfected to stative forms in addition to other grammaticalization patterns such as from ability to possibility and from definite to superlative forms.
Relation: Journal of Pragmatics, 43(3), 799-813
Data Type: article
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Appears in Collections:[英國語文學系] 期刊論文

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