Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://ah.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/62496


Title: Robert Jackson的「全球共約」理論與柏林的價值多元主義:兼論國際關係英倫學派的古典途徑
Other Titles: Robert Jackson's 'Global Covenant' and Isaiah Berlin's Value Pluralism: A Study on the English School's Classical Approach to International Relations Theory
Authors: 葉浩
Yeh,Hao
Contributors: 政治系
Keywords: 英倫學派;多元主義;團合主義;國際社會;人道干預;詮釋性規範理論
English School;pluralism;solidarism;international society;humanitarian intervention;interpretative normative theory
Date: 2013.06
Issue Date: 2013-12-13 17:27:46 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 強調國際社會的英倫學派近年來成為國際關係理論的主流學派之一,向來有「多元主義」與「團合主義」路線之爭。Robert Jackson的《全球共約》(The Global Covenant: Human Conduct in a World of States)乃多元主義路線近年來的公認鉅著,不僅旨在捍衛英倫學派的古典方法論,同時也藉由援引伯林的後設倫理學主張「價值多元主義」來深化該路線的哲學基礎。本文將指出,Jackson實際上並未準確掌握價值多元主義與英倫學派多元主義路線的理論親近性,因此,所提出的全球共約理論不僅違背伯林的思想精神,同時也偏離了英倫學派的方法論。藉由分析Hedley Bull關於方法論的著作,本文首先闡釋英倫學派古典途徑的「詮釋性規範理論」特色,以及「國際社會」基本概念,並且指出該學派在理論傳承上所具有的創造性轉化特色。以此理解為基礎,本文將解釋Jackson如何運用歐克秀與伯林的思想,一方面實踐英倫學派的方法論,另一方面對於「國際社會」和「多元主義」兩個概念進行改造。隨後,本文將聚焦於《全球共約》一書如何介入英倫學派的路線之爭,捍衛多元主義路線,並且指出當前兩條路線正在朝向處方性政治哲學理論發展的趨勢。最後則進一步指出全球共約理論如何同時背離英倫學派的古典途徑方法論及伯林的價值多元主義之精神,也會提出Jackson尚未注意到所存在於Bull與伯林之間的親近性。
The English School of international relations has recently become a mainstream theory in the field. It is characterized by an emphasis on international society, as well as the debates between the school's solidarist and pluralist members. Robert Jackson's "Global Covenant" is generally considered to be a major contribution to the pluralist strand, in that it not only defends the school's classic approach to theorizing but also grounds the pluralist vision of international society on a philosophically sophisticated foundation derived from Isaiah Berlin's meta-ethical value pluralism. This article argues that Jackson does not fully grasp the affinities between value pluralism and English School, and therefore his theory of global covenant deviates from both the spirit of Berlin's political thought and the school's methodology. By analyzing Hedley Bull's writings, it will first explicate the "interpretative-normative" nature of the English School's Classical Approach, as well as the fundamental idea of "international society", and it will indicate the tendency for creative transformation in the way members of the school implement thisapproach. With this understanding in place, this article will explain how Jackson employs the thoughts of Michael Oakeshott and Isaiah Berlin to, on the one hand, practices the School's methodology, and on the other hand transforms the idea of "international society" and "pluralism". Thereafter, it focuses on how "The Global Covenant" enters the School's internal debates and defends its pluralism. Also will be indicated is a trend towards prescriptive political philosophy in both the solidarist and the pluralist camp. In the end, this article will spell out how the theory of global covenant deviates from both the School's Classical Approach and the spirit of Berlin's value-pluralism. And in doing so, some affinities between Bull and Berlin will also be identified.
Relation: 政治與社會哲學評論, 45,111-173
Data Type: article
Appears in Collections:[政治學系] 期刊論文

Files in This Item:

File Description SizeFormat
111173.pdf4248KbAdobe PDF1166View/Open


All items in 學術集成 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.


社群 sharing