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|Other Titles:||The 1998 Philippino Presidential Election|
|Issue Date:||2014-03-11 09:57:45 (UTC+8)|
Joseph Estrada was elected president of the Philippines on May 11, 1998. He is the first president to come from a popular family background since Philippines began holding presidential election in 1936. Estrada has been seen as a non-traditional style politician. Although his personal character has been criticized by Cardinal Sin, the leader of the Catholic Church, he receives popular support from the middle and lower levels of Filipino society. However, his election to the presidency cannot transform the Philippino elite oligarchical structure into a class-less society. Secondly, the catholic Church has enjoyed a great influence on the voting attitudes of the general population since the mid 1980s, but failed to influence this most recent presidential election. Voters did not heed the warnings of Cardinal Sin, who argued that it would be a disaster for the Philippines if Estrada were to be elected. Such disobedience shows that the role of the Catholic Church in politics has decreased. Thirdly, this election reconfirms the success of constitutionalism. During the 1998 election campaign, the constitutionalists defeated a group of ambitious politicians who attempted to modify the 1987 constitution to allow two terms for incumbent presidents. This constitution-building signifies that Philippino politics has moved further to democratic consolidation.
|Relation:||問題與研究, 37(9), 31-44|
|Appears in Collections:||[問題與研究 TSSCI] 期刊論文|
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