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Title: Unification of numeral classifiers and plural markers: Empirical facts and implications
Authors: 何萬順
Her, One-Soon;Chen, Yun-Ru
Contributors: 語言所
Date: 2013.11
Issue Date: 2014-04-10 11:45:00 (UTC+8)
Abstract: The use of an obligatory numeral classifier (C) on N in general does not co-occur with mandatory plural marking (PM) (Greenberg 1990[1972], Sanches and Slobin 1973). Borer (2005) and Her (2012a) take this generalization further and see Cs and PMs as the same category. This unification implies that C/PM are mutually exclusive on N. In this paper, we first provide a mathematical foundation for this unification, i.e., C/PM both function as a multiplicand with the precise value of 1 (Her 2012a), and then explore empirically to what extent C/PM’s complimentary distribution is borne out. We obtain from the WALS database a total of 22 languages with both Cs and PMs, including Mandarin, Japanese, and Vietnamese. Our survey finds C/PM co-occurring on N in 11 languages. We then set out to formally account for the unification of C/PM and explain its exceptions, taking Mandarin as an example, with a double-headed classifier construction. This study thus adds merit to the unification of C/PM and concludes with its impliction on a universal lexical count/mass distinction.
Relation: 27th Pacific Asia Conference on Language, Information, and Computation, National Chengchi University, pp.22-24
Data Type: conference
Appears in Collections:[語言學研究所] 會議論文

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