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Title: 『記紀』に見る神武天皇像―作品論を視座として
Other Titles: Portrait of Emperor Zinnmu in "Kojiki" and "Nihonsyoki"--Viewing from Theroy of Works
Authors: 鄭家瑜
Cheng, Chia-yu
Contributors: 日文系
Keywords: 古事記;日本書紀;神武天皇;天皇像;現人神
Kojiki;Nihonsyoki;Emperor Zinnmu;Emperors' portrait;A Living God
Date: 2012-01
Issue Date: 2014-06-26 15:05:16 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 神武天皇是日本神統譜上的首代天皇,《古事記》與《日本書紀》兩書都記載了相當多神武天皇的故事。不過,在神武天皇的東征或是結婚的故事等等部分的描述上,兩書記述的重點相當不同,書中所呈現的神武天皇的形象也不太一樣。由於人物、主題與故事是一部文學作品的基本構成要素,因此針對《古事記》《日本書紀》兩書之人物形象進行考察一事,對於此二書的作品主題以及性格的解析上相當重要。本論文是《古事記》《日本書紀》兩書之天皇形象研究的一環,以作品論的視點出發,針對《古事記》與《日本書紀》兩書中所描述之神武天皇的行為舉止、說話內容、反應與態度等等的內容進行考察,以檢討兩書中之神武天皇的形象。進一步透過兩書的比較對照,來解析兩書中神武天皇像的特色、作品意義以及兩書的性格。透過上述的方法,筆者發現《古事記》在針對神武天皇的描述上,較為著重其神性以及現人神的性格;而《日本書紀》則較為看重神武天皇的人性及德義的一面。兩書之神武天皇像的差異,與書中對於「天」和「國」的關係的處理方式以及兩書的成立目的之不同有關,同時這些差異也與天武天皇的意志有密切的關聯。
Emperor Zinnmu is the first emperor in Japanese Emperor family tree. There are lots of stories about Emperor Zinnmu written in Kojiki and Nihonsyoki. However, the points of description about Emperor Zinnmu's stories and his images are not exactly the same in these two books, for instance, his expedition to east or marriage.A literary work is constructed of character, theme and story. It is very important to understand the theme and characteristic first if we try to study the portraits of characters in Kojiki and Nihonsyoki. This essay is part of emperors' portrait research in Kojiki and NihonSyoki. It starts from the view of Theory of Works, observes the description of behavior, speech, reaction and attitude of Emperor Zinnmu written in KJjiki with Nihonsyoki, and then aims at picturing the portrait of Emperor Zinnmu. Furthermore, it tries to find out the features, value and personality of Emperor Zinnmu's portrait in the two books through comparison.According to the methods above, I have found portrait of Emperor Zinnmu in Kojiki more on divinity and personality of a living god, and in Nihonsyoki on humanity, morality and justice. Their difference is relevant to the attitude of treating "heaven" and "nation", the objective of the two books to be written, and the willing of Emperor Zinnrnu, too.
Relation: 政大日本研究,9,19-57
Data Type: article
Appears in Collections:[第9號] 期刊論文

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