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Title: The influence of attention levels on psychophysiological responses
Authors: 黃淑麗
Chang, Yu-Chieh;Huang, Shwu-Lih
Contributors: 心理系
Keywords: Attention levels;Alpha2 desynchronization;Theta synchronization;Heart rate variability
Date: 2012.09
Issue Date: 2014-06-30 17:55:55 (UTC+8)
Abstract: This study aimed to examine which brain oscillatory activities and peripheral physiological measures were influenced by attention levels. A new experimental procedure was designed. Participants were asked to count the number of target events while viewing eight moving white circles. An event occurred when two of the circles changed from white to red or blue. In the low-attention task, similar to a feature search, the target events were defined by color only. In the high-attention task, similar to a conjunction search, the target events were defined by both color and size. In the control task, participants were asked to passively watch the series of events while remembering a number. Based on Feature Integration Theory, our high-attention task would demand more attentional investment than the low-attention task. Given the identical visual stimuli and requirement of keeping a number in working memory for all three tasks, the changes in brain oscillatory activities can be attributed to attention level rather than to perceptual content or memory processes. Peripheral measures such as heart rate, heart rate variability (HRV), respiration rate, eye blinks, and skin conductance level were also evaluated. In comparing the high-attention task with the low-attention task, theta synchronization at the Fz, Cz, and Pz electrodes as a group, alpha2 desynchronization at the Fz, Cz, Pz, and Oz electrodes as a group, and a decrease in the low-frequency component and ratio measure of HRV were evident. These measures are considered to be promising indices for discriminating between attention levels.
Relation: International Journal of psychophysiology, 86(1), 39-47
Data Type: article
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Appears in Collections:[心理學系] 期刊論文

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