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Title: 單親父母之生活壓力、因應方式、社會支持與其情緒適應之相關性研究─以高雄向日葵聯誼會為例
Other Titles: A Study of Relationship between Life Stress, Coping Style, Social Support and Emotion of Adjustment of Single Parents in Kaohsiung County
Authors: 宋麗玉
Contributors: 社工所
Keywords: 單親父母;生活壓力;因應方式;社會支持;情緒適應
Single Parent;Emotional Adjustment;Life Stress;Coping Style;Social Support
Date: 2000
Issue Date: 2014-08-27 11:13:24 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 近年來台灣地區單親家庭的數目在社會結構的變遷與離婚率升高的影響下 不斷增加,單親父母常需面臨比雙親家庭更多的生活壓力,及家庭結構改變後 的適應問題。本研究即是針對單親父母的情緒適應問題,探討生活壓力、因應 方式、社會支持與情緒適應情形及其彼此間的關係。資料蒐集乃以郵寄問卷方 法,採結構式問卷,立意選取400 位高雄縣婦幼館向日葵聯誼會會員為研究對 象,結果共回收119 份。研究分析結果發現:單親父母的生活壓力與其情緒適 應(憂鬱、焦慮程度)呈顯著相闕,亦即生活壓力愈大之單親父母其情緒適應 愈不理想。而單親父母生活壓力對其情緒適應的影響,並不因其一般社會支持 滿意度與認知因應-正向思考的使用頻率不同而有差異。再者,單親父母之一 般社會支持滿意度愈高者,其憂鬱程度較低。壓力因應方式、一般社會支持程 度、機構社會支持程度及滿意度等對單親父母的情緒適應(憂鬱與焦慮程度) 均無顯著影響。最後,本研究提出以下建議作為協助單親父母的參考1.協 助單親父母維持與建立社會支持系統 2. 規劃情緒管理相關課程,教導單親 父母在龐大生活壓力如何妥適的調整自己的情緒 3. 協助單親父母白組互助 及成長團體,藉由間體成員間的分享與相互支持,協助草親父母改善其情緒適 應的問題。
This study aimed at understanding the extent of life stress, coping style, social support and emotional adjustment(depressive symptomatology and anxiety), as well as examining the correlates of emotional adjustment. Data were colleded through mailed ques tionnaire from the 119 single parents who received services from the Sunf10wer Association sponsored by the Kaohsiung County Government. The results revealed that the independent variables explained 27.85% of the variance in the single parents' depressive symptomatology, and the significant correlates were: life stress and satisfadion with general social support. Life stress was the most important correlate of depressive symptomatology. Further- more, independent variables explained 25.71% of the variance in the extent of anxiety among single parents. Life stress was the only significant variable that correlated with anxiety while other variables were taken into account. Base on these findings, this study proposed some suggestions for the social work praditioners who work with single parent fami1ies: ]) to help single parents maintain and establish social support network; 2) to pay attention to single parents' emotional adjustment , 3)to provide training courses regarding the management of emotion; 4) to help single parents in forming self-help groups.
Relation: 台大社會工作學刊, Vol.2, pp.1-54
Data Type: article
Appears in Collections:[社會工作研究所] 期刊論文

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