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|Other Titles:||The Political Logic of the Varieties of Economic Governance Models in China|
China;Economic Governance;Industrial Reform;State Regulation;State-Industry Relations
|Issue Date:||2014-08-27 17:44:49 (UTC+8)|
The success of economic transition depends on whether the state could promulgate effective reform policies and ensure fair and competitive market operation. While China has achieved great economic growth in the past three decades, the relationship between the state and market has been demonstrated as a process of mutual adaptation, not a zero-sum game. With developing the regulatory systems, the state has been able to monitor the market and regulate the enterprises. Therefore, the state has not simply retreated and let the market operate freely, but transformed into an impartial referee and contributed to the market development. Nonetheless, we observe a variety of economic governance models, such as the line ministries (e.g. Ministry of Transportation, Ministry of Industry and Information Technology), comprehensive commissions (e.g. National Development and Reform Commission, State Assets Supervision Administration Commission), ministry-level regulatory authorities in charge of specific affairs (e.g. State Administration for Industry and Commerce, Ministry of Environmental Protection), and independent regulatory agencies (e.g. State Electricity Regulatory Commission, State Banking Regulatory Commission), which reflect different state-industry relations. Against this background, this project aims to explain the puzzles: why has the Chinese state developed different institutional designs to regulate the industries while reforming the industrial sector? What is the political logic of economic governance in China? By examining the policies of liberalization and privatization, this project clarifies the variation in state regulation across different industries. It argues that while the Chinese state has preserved the socialist regime with introducing the market mechanism, different reform policies have led to diverse regulatory models. In this project, we mainly rely on archival studies and content analysis with in-depth interviews and statistical data analysis. Based upon this research agenda, this project focuses on the following subjects: the evolution of China’s industrial policies and regulatory systems; the interaction between the actors including the government entities and both the state and private sectors, a historical review of the regulatory development across industries; and the discussion on business lobbying. This project contributes to the scholarship on comparative politics and China Studies by providing an innovative approach to analyze Chinese political economy. It also illustrates a reality that the regulatory models are the outcomes of a complex interaction process among many actors during economic transition.
|Appears in Collections:||[政治學系] 國科會研究計畫|
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