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|Other Titles:||The Formation and Transformation of the Concept of Revolution in China|
revolution;reformism;reaction;equality;history of ideas
|Issue Date:||2014-09-11 11:18:24 (UTC+8)|
This essay presents a quantitative study aimed at investigating the formation and transformation of the concept of revolution. By means of keyword analysis, the authors use the transformation of the concept of revolution as an example to illustrate the introduction and reconstruction of modern Western political thought by Chinese culture.Geming (revolution) is an ancient Chinese term for the predestined cycles governed by tiandao (the way of Heaven). During the Han dynasty, it was used to express dynastic changes. The abortive 1898 Reform was seen as the failure of the Qing government's efforts to reform itself and the legitimacy of its rule was thus undermined. The concept of revolution began to gain momentum after the 1900 Boxer Uprising. The traditional Chinese concept of dynastic changes merged with the Western concept of revolution. This conceptual hybrid was seen as a justification for the overthrow of the Qing dynasty and the establishment of a new government. The social disintegration crisis triggeredby the modernization movement at the early twentieth century eventually resulted in the New Culture Movement, the Western idea of revolution was incorporated into the traditional Chinese concept of revolution and the modern Chinese concept of revolution emerged. In addition to senses like radical change, progression, this Chinese concept of revolution was associated the traditional notion of tiandao, which distinguished it from its Western counterpart.Thirty years after the New Culture Movement, the modern Chinese concept of revolution became a contributing factor of social integration and foundation of the legitimacy of political system. The Chinese revolutionism aimed at creating a modern society different to Western models after China's failure to learn Western democracy and republicanism. In the wake of the upheaval of the Cultural Revolution, Chinese intellectuals came to realize the necessity of bidding farewell to the revolution. The introduction of modern Western economic and political systems was once again placed in the forefront, but it also led to the disintegration of the new morality that took shape during China's modernization because such a morality was contained in the modern Chinese concept of revolution.
|Relation:||政治與社會哲學評論, 13 , 1-51|
|Appears in Collections:||[中國文學系] 期刊論文|
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