政大學術集成


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Title: 論《韻法直圖》的呼名指涉
Other Titles: The Indicate of HU1 by "ÜN4 FA3 ZHI2 TU2"
Authors: 宋韻珊
Contributors: 中文系
Keywords: 韻法直圖;等呼;韻法橫圖;安徽方音
ÜN4 FA3 ZHI2 TU2;DENG3 HU1;ÜN4 FA3 HENG2 TU2
Date: 2007.12
Issue Date: 2014-09-18 11:24:48 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 《韻法直圖》(以下簡稱《直圖》)是出現於明萬曆年間的一部韻圖,作者不詳,亦不知成書於何時,僅知其附於梅膺祚所作《字彙》之後。《直圖》之所以引起當時以及後來學者注意和重視的原因,在於改變傳統韻圖橫排聲母,直列聲調、韻目、等第的作法,改將聲母直列,聲調橫排,又於每一圖後依據該韻特質明列呼口。在《直圖》裡不僅已出現了開、齊、合、撮四呼,甚至還可見到閉口呼、混呼、咬齒呼、舌向上呼、齊齒捲舌呼等九種不同呼名,這些特殊呼名僅見於《直圖》及《韻法橫圖》內,絕少見於其他明清等韻圖中。本文旨在分析論述《直圖》裡的呼名指涉內涵,在檢視過《直圖》裡的呼名與內容所指後,發現如此紛雜的呼名充滿草創階段的過渡痕跡,其中或是描摹發音時舌體上揚的口腔形態(舌向上呼),或是展現尾音收勢的閉合狀態(閉口呼),或是兼具形容聲母、介音、韻尾的三合一特點(齊齒捲舌而閉),這些在在顯示出《直圖》作者勇於實驗的創新精神。雖然後來的韻圖多半捨棄其他眾多呼名,僅留下開齊合撮四呼,但就展現並記錄明清等韻音韻現象而言,《直圖》裡精彩紛呈的呼名容或龐雜,其實是更有價值的優點。
”ÜN4 FA3 ZHI2 TU2” (《韻法直圖》)was a Rhyme Chart appeared at UAN4 LI4 period of Ming Dynasty, We don't know the auther who he was? and the time this book was been published, yet ”ÜN4 FA3 ZHI2 TU2” most specially place is original nine HU1 in this book.This research is analyze those HU1 indicate, and record DENG3 ÜN4(等呼) phenomenon of Ming and Qing dynasty.
Relation: 中正大學中文學術年刊, 10, 91-209
Data Type: article
Appears in Collections:[Department of Chinese Literature] Periodical Articles

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