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Title: 綏夫特即格理弗?從《格理弗遊記》卷頭插畫與前頁論作者身分與虛構性之關係
Other Titles: Swift as Gulliver? Authorship and Fictionality in the Frontispieces and Front Matter of Gulliver's Travels
Authors: 蘇靖棻
Su, Jing-Fen
Contributors: 外文中心
Keywords: 格理弗遊記;強納森•綏夫特;卷頭插畫;諷刺文類;角色面具
Gulliver's Travels;Jonathan Swift;frontispiece;satire;persona
Date: 2009.06
Issue Date: 2014-10-13 12:17:01 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 《格理弗遊記》(Gulliver's Travels)爲英國諷刺作家強納森•綏夫特(Jonathan Swift, 1667-1745)生平最有名的作品。此作品於1726年首次出版時,書名爲《世界數個偏遠國家遊記》(Travels into Several Remote Nations of the World),作者則是賴謬爾•格理弗船長(Captain Lemuel Gulliver),並附上格理弗船長肖像爲卷頭插畫(frontispiece),其下標明其年齡58歲(剛好爲綏夫特當時年齡)。而該遊記於1735年收錄於綏夫特作品集再版時,扉頁仍標明作者爲格理弗船長,卷頭插畫仍爲其肖像,但關於其年齡、居住地之文字已不復見,其下引文改爲霍瑞斯(Horace)的詩句「高尚莊嚴地說謊」,前頁(front matter)首度增添格理弗寫給表兄弟辛普森(Sympson)之信函。本文深入探討綏夫特於《格理弗遊記》不同版本對卷頭插畫及前頁所做不同安排的背後意圖,並引諷刺文類傳統中諷刺家與角色面具(persona)、及諷刺家與讀者/觀眾間交互關係之相關理論,試圖闡明綏夫特與其虛構角色格理弗間交叉重疊、虛虛實實之複雜關係,及對讀者所可能產生之衝擊影響,以求呈現《格理弗遊記》之新面貌。
Gulliver's Travels is one of the most celebrated works by the Irish satirist Jonathan Swift (1667-1745). When the work was first published in 1726, the title as printed on the title-page is Travels into Several Remote Nations of the World and the author is not Swift but ”Lemuel Gulliver, First a Surgeon, and then a Captain of several Ships,” with a portrait of the fictional author ”Captain Gulliver” on its frontispiece, under which the caption shows that Gulliver was 58 years old at the time his travels were published (exactly the same age as the real author Swift in that year). When Gulliver's Travels appeared in a 1735 edition of Swift's collected Works, on the title-page its author still reads ”Lemuel Gulliver” with his portrait again displayed on the frontispiece, but in the caption the lines about Gulliver's age and residence are replaced by a line from Horace's poem: ”Splendide Mendax. Hor.” [”Gloriously False”] (Odes Ⅲ xi. 35). Moreover, in the front matter of this edition Swift for the first time inserts a letter by Gulliver to his cousin Sympson. This paper aims at exploring Swift's intended purpose(s) in arranging the frontispieces and front matter in different editions of Gulliver's Travels. Ⅰ also deal with the satiric strategies such as persona and the satirist-satirized, and examine the interrelationship between the satirist and the reader/audience in the satiric tradition, so as to illuminate the intersecting, partly overlapping relationship between Swift and his fictional character Gulliver and to illustrate how such an intriguing relationship might cast impact on the readers then and today.
Relation: 英美文學評論, 4, 87-120
Data Type: article
Appears in Collections:[外文中心] 期刊論文

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