Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://ah.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/71525


Title: 1920年代における植民地台湾の政治運動の再考―明治維新解釈の視点から―
Other Titles: Rethinking of the Political Movement in Colonial Taiwan in the 1920s : From the Perspective of Interpretations on the Meiji Reforms
Authors: 楊素霞
Yang, Su-hsia
Contributors: 日文系
Keywords: 明治維新;植民地台湾;『台湾青年』;『台湾』;『台湾民報』;台湾文化協会;台湾議会設置請願運動
Date: 2012.09
Issue Date: 2014-11-17 15:00:07 (UTC+8)
Abstract:  明治維新は変革を示唆する歴史的出来事である.1920年代,植民地台湾の平和的
な政治運動の推進者たちに支えられた宣伝工具としての『台湾青年』,『台湾』,『台
湾民報』などの紙誌上では,「維新」という表現が多く見られた.本稿では,これ
らの出版物の分析を通して,彼らが政治運動の中で「維新」をどのように解釈して
自分たちの主張を語ろうとしたのかを明らかにする.
 政治運動の推進者たちは,台湾文化の向上や,台湾人の政治的権利を求めるため
に台湾文化協会の結成や,台湾議会設置請願運動などを行う際に,明治維新の史実
に,台湾の当時の状況や運動の目標を投影しようとした.前述の三種の出版物に紹
介された明治維新における事例は,文化啓蒙と言論・出版・集会の自由という二つ
の側面に集中する形で,例証として頻繁に挙げられていた.しかし,大政奉還や王
政復古などの国家体制の変更に関わる事例や,戊辰戦争や西南戦争といった武力で
の抵抗を含む事例は取り上げられなかった.つまり,上記の政治運動は植民地統治
体制の存在を前提とした上で,明治憲法で定められた言論・出版・集会と請願の権
利をもとに実施された体制内運動であったと言える.
The Meiji Reforms implied the meaning of change. In the 1920s, the non-violent
political movement of colonial Taiwan was often regarded as being related to the Reforms.
Here, the means of propaganda that supported the promoters of the movements included
The Taiwan Youth, Taiwan, and Taiwan People’s Newspaper. Therefore, through these
three publications, this paper examines the questions of how the activists used the Meiji
Reforms as evidence to express their requests, and what implications these evidence had
when they were promoting political movement.
The movement promoters, hoping to upgrade Taiwan’s culture and to request
Taiwanese political rights, set up Taiwan Cultural Association (Taiwan Bunka Kyo¯ kai)
and launched the Petition of the Establishment of Taiwan Council (Taiwan Gikai Secchi
Seigan Undo¯). Meanwhile, the promoters put the historical facts of the Meiji Reforms in
perspective, correlating them to Taiwan’s contemporary situation and to the movement’s
aim. Consequently, the historical facts of the Meiji Reforms often appeared in these three
publications, with cultural enlightenment and freedoms of expression and of gathering
being the two main focuses.
However, facts related to changing polity, such as the Meiji Restoration, and those
implying militant resistance, including the Boshin War and the Southwest War, were not
used. This implies that the above-mentioned political movement had the colonial rule
system as the pre-requisite. It demanded their rights through the language of the Meiji
Constitution on the freedom of expression, publication, gathering and petition. It was a
movement within the establishment.
Relation: 社会システム研究, No.25, pp.31-50
Data Type: article
Appears in Collections:[日本語文學系] 期刊論文

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