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|Other Titles:||The Primary Factors that Affect the Efficacy of Drug Prevention Policies in Taiwan|
Jan, Chung-Yuang;Chen, Chuan-His
Harm reduction;methadone;drug offenders;drug prevention center;recidivism rate
|Issue Date:||2014-11-28 11:01:40 (UTC+8)|
Objectives: The Taiwan government has waged war on drugs since 1993; however, after more than 10 years of enforcement, the number of drug offenders continues to increase steadily and the recidivism rate remains high, thereby demonstrating a need to review current drug policies. Methods: This study adopted a multi-method research approach by interviewing the directors of correctional institutions and the managers of drug prevention centers, and conducting a questionnaire survey of 7,596 drug addicts nearing the end of their prison sentences. Results: The three most critical issues affecting the efficacy of drug abuse prevention in Taiwan are: (1) lack of a permanent responsible government department; (2) lack of midway treatment mechanisms; and (3) a lack of integration among drug prevention agencies. On the demand side, 59 % of drug users require a job but have difficulty being accepted by employers; thus results in a high rate of recidivism. This study determined that the biggest obstacles for drug addicts to surmount after leaving prison are the difficulties in securing employment and avoiding temptation from drug-using friends. Conclusions: These three critical issues and the actions suggested in response to them are worth the attention of the government.
|Relation:||台灣公共衛生雜誌, 30(6), 604-616.|
|Appears in Collections:||[公共行政學系] 期刊論文|
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