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Title: 邱琪爾《頂尖女子》中負面的自我實現
Other Titles: Negative Self-Actualization in Caryl Churchill's Top Girls
Authors: 姜翠芬
Jiang, Tsui-fen
Contributors: 英語系
Keywords: 《頂尖女子》;女性空間理論;自我實現
Top Girls;feminist spatial theory;self- actualization
Date: 2009-01
Issue Date: 2014-12-30 11:16:19 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 在女權運動和 60 年代婦女解放運動後,英國婦女的確比前人有更多機會實 現夢想。女性也很快的得到性別平等所帶來的正面和負面的影響。不少婦女熱情 的擁抱她們新得來的權力,從提高的社會地位中獲益匪淺。然而,其他婦女卻仍 然受到雙重宰制──不但受男人壓迫,還受到特權女性的壓迫;因此,她們無法 從新解放地位得到益處。英國女權主義劇作家邱琪爾在她的《頂尖女子》(1982)中檢視婦女解放運動 的雙刃效果。劇中的瑪琳象徵新女性,婦解運動解放了她,並使她大有能力,因 而在「頂尖女子人力仲介公司」被擢升為經理。但不是每一個女性都可以抓住這 種機會實現自我。她的姊姊喬伊絲就是一例,因為她至今仍是一名勞碌的工廠女 工。而她卻也是那個負責照顧瑪琳女兒安姬的人。她似乎因為低社經地位和小孩 教養而不能像其他婦女一樣成為「頂尖女子」。換句話說,她從婦解運動那兒獲 益不多。本文將援引女性空間理論,分析邱琪爾《頂尖女子》中,如何呈現和批 判婦解運動對女性自我實現所帶來的正面及負面的影響。
After the feminist movement and particularly Women's Liberation Movement in the 1960s, women in Britain did have a better chance to realize their dreams and themselves than their predecessors. Women soon received the good and bad impacts of the sexual equality. While some women enthusiastically embraced their newly acquired rights and benefited from their elevated social status, others remained“doubly subjugated”—subjugated by men and also by the privileged women—and disfavored by this newly liberated status. British feminist Caryl Churchill in her Top Girls(1982) examines the double-edged results of the women's liberation movement. Marlene in the play is the one who symbolizes the new woman, liberated and empowered by the Women's Liberation Movement. She has been recently promoted to be the manager of “Top Girls Employment Agency." But not every woman can grasp the opportunity to realize herself. Her sister, Joyce, is such an example since she still remains as a hard-working factory laborer. She is also the one to take care of Marlene's illegitimate daughter Angie. She seems to be handicapped by her low social status and by the child. She has enjoyed least of the benefits from the Women's Liberation Movement. This paper intends to employ feminist spatial theory to analyze the positive and particularly the negative impacts the feminist movement has brought on women’s self-actualization.
Relation: 外國語文研究, 9, 3-19
Data Type: article
Appears in Collections:[英國語文學系] 期刊論文

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