Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://ah.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/73344


Title: 廿一世紀的小國與公眾外交興起: 以挪威、斯洛伐克與臺灣為例
Smaller Powers & the Rise of Public Diplomacy in the 21st Century (Cases of Norway, Slovakia & Taiwan)
Authors: 柯沐甯
Kočiová, Monika
Contributors: 李沃奇
William C. Vocke, Jr.
柯沐甯
Monika Kočiová
Keywords: 公眾外交
新公眾外交
臺灣
斯洛伐克
挪威
小國
public diplomacy
new public diplomacy
taiwan
slovakia
norway
small countries
Date: 2013
Issue Date: 2015-02-03 10:35:06 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 廿一世紀的小國與公眾外交興起: 以挪威、斯洛伐克與臺灣為例
Diplomacy has been playing a crucial role on the global political scene for many
centuries but its importance, character, and role in the 21st century has been changing. The
aftermath of the Cold War and the nature of the developments in the upcoming years brought
numerous significant transformations which have tremendous impact on the world politics
and its disposition. Diplomacy ceded to be a privilege of government to government relations,
pursued mostly behind the closed doors. As a response public diplomacy has emerged.
Public diplomacy as a more comprehensive, more open, more accountable and more
integrative diplomatic practice has been gaining its importance around the world. The
character, features and new developments of this era require more and more flexibility,
rapidity, transparency and skills to handle the international image abroad.
The topic of this theses evolves around the question of whether or not and how have
the public diplomacy apparatuses of the smaller countries, selected as the case studies reacted
to the changes of the 21st century and examines what have been the principal features and
character of these alterations.
A closer assessment of the three significantly diverse countries illustrates different
techniques and tactics to keep up with the contemporary progress or inefficiencies present in
the policies and especially public diplomacy of Norway, Taiwan and Slovakia. A compound
evaluation of the individual reactions to the new millennium changes attempts to bring more
light to a compound picture of the 21st century smaller (and wealthier) state’s diplomacy and
suggest whether or not these changes have had an impact on their foreign policy conduct and
how.
Reference: Books
Alexander, C., 2012. Taiwan's Public Diplomacy Towards its Formal Diplomatic Allies, Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan
Berridge, G., 2010. Diplomacy: Theory and Practice. Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan
Bortlová, H., 2011. Czechoslovakia and Cuba between 1959-1962. Prague: Charles University Press
Case, H., 2009. Between States: The Transylvanian Question and the European Idea during WWII. Stanford ed. s.l.:Stanford University Press
Cohen, R., 1999. Reflection on the New Global Diplomacy: Statecraft 2500 BC to 2000 AD. In: J. Melissen, ed. Innovation in Diplomatic Practice. Hampshire: Macmillan Press LTD
Cooper, A. F., 1997. Niche Diplomacy: A conceptual overview. In: A. F. Cooper, ed. Niche Diplomacy: Middle Powers after the Cold War. London: Macmillan Press Ltd
Cooper, A. F., 2007. Celebrity Diplomacy. 1st ed. s.l.:Paradigm Publishers
Cooper, A. F., 2013. Opportunities and risks as diplomacy moves to become more "service"oriented. In: J. H. R. T. Andrew F. Cooper, ed. The Oxford Handbook of Modern Diplomacy. s.l.:Oxford University Press.
Cooper, R., 2000. Post Modern State and the World Order:Demos
Costas, . M. C. & Derian, J. D., 2010. Sustainable Diplomacy. Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan
Cull, N. J., 2009. How we got here. In: P. Seib, ed. Toward a New Public Diplomacy. New York: Palgrave MacMillan
Cull, N. J., 2009. Public Diplomacy: Lessons from the past, Los Angeles: Figueroa Press.
DeLisle, J., 2010. Soft Power in a Hard Place: China, Taiwan,: Orbis
Dobinson, K. & Dale, G., 2000. The Norwegian backpack. An analysis of the 'Norwegian' peace diplomacy '. In: G. Dale, ed. Limits for everything: Critical Perspectives on Norwegian foreign policy. Oslo: Spartacus
East, M. A. & Robertson, J., 2005. Diplomacy and Developing Nations: Post-Cold War Foreign Policy-Making Structures and Positions. Oxon: Routledge
Egeland, J., 1988. Impotent superpower--potent small state : potentials and limitations of human rights objectives in the foreign policies of the United States and Norway. Oslo: Norwegian University Press
Egeland, J., 2008. A Billion Lives: An Eyewitness Report from the Frontlines of Humanity. New York: Simon&Schuster
Evans, G. & Grant, B., 1991. Australia's Foreing Relations in the World of 1990's. Melbourne: Melbourne Press
Frydenlund, K., 1982. Small Country- What Now?. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget
Hamilton, K. & Langhorne, R., 2013. The Practice of Diplomacy: Its Evolution, Theory and Administration. s.l.:Routledge
Hart, J., 2013. Empire of Ideas: The Origins of Public Diplomacy and the Transformation of U.S. Foreign Policy. New York: Oxford University Press
Heine, J., 2006. On the Manner of Practising the New Diplomacy, s.l.: The Centre for International Governance Innovation
Heine, J., 2013. From Club to Network Diplomacy. In: The Oxford Handbook of Modern Diplomacy. s.l.:Oxford University Press
Henrikson, A. K., 2004. Niche Diplomacy in he World Public Arena: The Global Corneres of Canda and Norway. In: J. Melissen, ed. The New Public Diplomacy: Soft Power in International Relations. U.K: Palgrave Macmillan
Hey, J.A.K., ed. 2003.,Small States in World Politics: Explaining Foreign Policy Behaviour. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner
Hocking, B., 1999. Catalytic Diplomacy: Beyond "Newness" and "Decline". In: J. Melissen, ed. Innovation in diplomatic practice. Hampshire: MacMillan Press
Hocking, B., 2009. Rethinking the ´New´ Public Diplomacy. In: J. Melissen, ed. The New Public Diplomacy: Soft Power in International Relations. Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan
Hoffman, D., 2002. Beyond Public Diplomacy. Foreign Affairs, 81(2)
Huang, Y. & Ding, S., 2006. Dragon’s belly: An analysis of China’s soft power. East Asia, 24(4)
Gregory B., ‘Public Diplomacy and National Security: Lessons from the U.S. Experience’, Small Wars Journal, 2008
Chitty, N., 2009. Australian Public Diplomacy. In: N. Snow & Taylor Philip, eds. The Routledge Handbook of Public Diplomayc. New York: Routledge
Jönsson, C. & Hall, M., 2005. Essence of Diplomacy. Hanpshire: Palgrave Macmillanv
Kennedy, P., 1987. The Rise and Fall of the Great Powers. s.l.:Random House
Keohane, R. & Nye, J., 2000. Governance in a Globalizing World. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press
Kinsman, J. & Bassuener, K., 2013. A Diplomat's Handbook: for Democracy Development Support. 3 ed. Waterloo: The Centre for International Governance Innovation
Klavins, D., 2011. Understanding the Essence of Modern Diplomacy. Berlin, Institute for Cultural DIplomacy
Kurbalija, J., ed., 1999. In: Knowledge and Diplomacy. Malta: DiploProjects
Kurbalija, J., 1999. In: J. Kurbalija, ed. Knowledge and Diplomacy. Malta: DiploProjects
Kurbalija, J., 2007. Diplomacy in the Age of Information Technology. In: J. Melissen, ed. Innovation in Diplomatic Practice. Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan
Kurnalija, J., 2007. Diplomacy in the Age of Information Technology. In: J. Melissen, ed. The New Public Diplomacy: Soft Power in International Relations. Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan
Kurucz, M., 2007. Cultural Dimensions of Diplomacy. Bratislava, University of Economics
Leguey-Feilleux, J.-R., 2009. The Dynamics of Diplomacy. Colorado: Lynne Rienner Publishers, Inc.
Leigh-Phippard, H., 1999. The Influence of Informal groups in Multilateral diplomacy. In: J. Melissen, ed. Innovation in Diplomatic Practice. Hampshire: MacMillan Press LTD
Leonard, M., 2002. Niche Diplomacy: How Norway uses scarce resources to punch above its weight. In: Public Diplomacy. London: The Foreign Policy Center
Leonard, M., 2002. How Norway uses scarce resources to punch above its weight. In: M. Leonard, ed. Public Diplomacy. London: The Foreign Policy Centre
Leonard, M., 2002. Public Diplomacy. London: Foreing Policy Center
Leonard, M. & Small, A. T., 2005. Norwegian Public Diplomacy. London: Foreign Policy Centre
Li, M., 2009. Soft Power: China’s Emerging Strategy in International Politics. MD.: Lexington: Lanham
Lunde, E. & Thun, I., 2008. Norwegian interests. Foreign policy in a globalized world. Oslo: Cappelen Damm
McClellan, M., 2003. Public Diplomacy in the Context of Traditional Diplomacy, s.l.: U.S Department of State
Melissen, J., 2005. The New Public Diplomacy: Soft Power in International Relations. Basingstoke: Plagrave Macmillan
Melissen, J., 2007. The New Public Diplomacy: Between Theory and Practice. In: J. Melissen, ed. The New Public Diplomacy: Soft Power in International Relations. Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan
Melissen, J., 2011. Public Diplomacy and Soft Power in East Asia. Ney York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Mengin, F., 1999. The Substitution of Convntional Diplomatic Relations: The Case of Taiwan. In: J. Melissen, ed. Innovation in Diplomatic Practice. Hampshire: Macmillan Press LTD
Nye, J. S., 1991. Bound to Lead: The Changing Nature of American Power. s.l.:Basic Books
Nye, J. S., 2004. Soft Power. New York: Public Affairs( Perseus Book Group)
Nye, J. S., 2004. Soft Power:The Means to Success in World Politics. New York: Public Affairs( Perseus Book Group)
Nye, J. S., 2008. Public Diplomacy and Soft Power. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
Ociepka, B., 2013. New Members’ Public Diplomacy. In: M. K. Davis Cross & J. Melissen, eds. European Public Diplomacy: Soft Power at Work. New York: Palgrave Macmillan
Ociepka, B. & Ryniejska, M., 2005. Public diplomacy and EU enlargement: the case of Poland. Hague: Netherlands Institute of International Relations „Clingendael
Orzoff., A., 2009. Battle for the Castle: The Myth of Czechoslovakia in Europe 1914-1948. New York: Oxford University Press
Østerud, Ø., 1997. Between Realism and "Crusader Diplomacy": The Norwegian Channel to Jericho. In: A. F. Cooper, ed. Niche Diplomacy. London: Macmillan Press LTD
Özkan, A., 2014. Role of public diplomacy in establishing nation branding and public. European Journal of Research on Education, 1-5(Special Issue: International Relations)
Pamment, J., 2013. The New Public Diplomacy in the 21st century: A Comparative Study of Policy and Practice. s.l.:Routledge
Pigmann, G. A., 2010. Contemporary Diplomacy. Cambridge: Polty Press
Rawnsley, G., 2007. Selling Democracy: Diplomacy, Propaganda and Democratisalion in Taiwan,. China Perspecliνe, Volume 47
Rawnsley, G., 2012. Approaches to soft power and public diplomacy in China and Taiwan. The Hournal of International Communication, 8(2)
Reinecke, W., 1998. Global Public Policy: Governing without government?. Washington DC: Brookings
Richmond, Y., 2008. Practicing Public Diplomacy: A Cold War Oddysey. s.l.:Berghahn Books
Riordan, S., 2003. The New Diplomacy. Cambridge: Polity Press
Rudderham, M., 2008. Middle Power Pull:Can Middle Powers use Public Diplomacy to Ameliorate theI mage of the West?
Scott-Smith, G., 2009. Exchange Programs and Public Diplomacy. In: N. Snow & P. M. Taylor, eds. Routledge Handbook of Public Diplomacy. New York: Routledge
Seib, P., 2012. Real Time Diplomacy. New York: Palgrave Macmillan
Shearman, P. & Sussex, M., 2004. European Security After 9/11. s.l.:Ashgate
Sláviková, E., Bilčík, V. & Duleba, A., 2009. Medium-term strategy for development of public diplomacy within the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of SLovak Republic, Bratislava: Slovak Foreing Policy Association
Slaughter, A.-M., 2004. A New World Order. Princeton NJ: Princeton University Press
Snow, N., 2009. Rethinking Public Diplomacy. In: Routledge Handbook of Pulic Diplomacy. New York
Stringer, K. D., 2011. Honorary Consuls in an Era of Globalization, Trade and Investment. In: A. M. F. Jan Melissen, ed. Consular Affairs and Diplomacy. Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
Stringer, K. D., 2011. Honorary Consuls in Small States Diplomacy: Through the Lichtenstein's lens, s.l.: Clingendael ( Netherlands Insttute of International Relations)
Szondi, G., 2009. Central and Eastern European Public Diplomacy: A Transitional Perspectiveon National Reputation Management. In: N. Snow & P. M. Taylor, eds. Routledge Handbook of Public Diplomacy. New York: Routledge
Tvedt, T., 1997. Norwegian Foreign Policy and NGOs. In: T. KKnudsten, ed. Norway's Foreign Policy. Oslo: Cappelen
Thorsallson, B., 2000. The Role of the Small States in the EU, Aldershot: UK Ashgate
Vital, D., 1967. The Inequality of States : A Study of the Small Power in International Relations. s.l.:Oxford University Press, Inc.
Wang, S. J., 2010. Public Diplomacy and organizational conflct: Study of Taiwanese Government Information Offices in the United States, La Verne: University of La Verne
Wyne, A. S., 2009. Public Opinion and Power. In: Routledge Handbook of Public Diplomacy. New York: Routledge
Yasushi Watanabe, D. L. M. J. S. N., 2008. Soft Power Superpowers: Cultural and National Assets of Japan and the United States. New York

Journals and Reports
Agence France-Presse, 2010. Taiwan to Challenge China's 'Soft Power'. Agence France-Presse, 17 2
Algayerová, O., 2010. Establishment of Public Diplomacy in SLovakia: An Effective New Approach, s.l.: University of Malta
Allern, E. & Lorentzen, H., 2002. New Forms of Civic Participation in Norwegian Government Administration: An Exploratory Study, Oslo: NIBR
Baker, K. & Edmonds, R. L., 2004. Transfer ofTaiwanese ldeas and Technology to the Gambia, West Africa: A Viable Approach to Rural Development?. The Geogaphic Journal, September, 170(3)
Bátora, J., 2005. Public Diplomacy in Small and Medium-sized States, Hague: Clingendael
Bátora , J. & Hozlarova, Z., 2009. Verejná diplomacia: Novy strategicky nastroj MZV. Bratislava, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Slovakia
Bátora, J. & Hozlárová, Z., 2009. Verejná diplomacia: Nový strategický nástroj MZV SR?, Bratislava: Ministry of Forein Affairs, Slovakia
Baxte, L. & Bishop, J.-A., 2008. Uncharted Ground: Canada, Middle Power Leadership and Public Diplomacy. American Behavioral Scientist, Volume 53
Březinová, K., 2013. Turbines and Weapons for Latin America: Czechoslovak Documentary Film Propaganda in the Cold War Context, in the Cold War Context,. Central European Journal of International and Security Studies, Issue 3
Butenschøn, N., 1997. The Oslo Agreement in Norwegian Foreign Policy, (CMEIS occasional paper No. 56, January 1997), 11., s.l.: CMEIS
Commonwealth Secretariat/World Bank Task, 2010. Small States: Meeting Challengesin the Global Economy, Washington D.C: World Bank
DeLisle, J., 2010. Soft Power in a Hard Place: China, Taiwan,, s.l.: Orbis
East, M. A. & Robertson, J., 2005. Diplomacy and Developing Nations: Post-Cold War Foreign Policy-Making Structures and Positions. Oxon: Routledge
Eytan Gilboa, 2008. Searching for a Theory of Public Diplomacy’. The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 616(1), pp. 55-77
Franko, T., 2010. Analysis of Slovak Foreign Policy, Brno: Masaryk University
Garfinkel I.,Smeeding T., Wealth and Welfare States: What Is the Real Story?, 2010 [Online] Available at: http://www.e-ir.info/2008/08/12/small-state-diplomacy/ [Accessed 7 8 2014]
Gilley, B., 2010. Not So Dire Straits. Foreign Affairs, January-February, 89(1)
Graffy, C., 2009. The Rise of Public Diplomacy 2.0. The Journal of International Security Affairs, Fall.Issue 17
Gyárfášová, O., Bútora, M. & Bútorová, Z., 2012. The image of Slovakia from the foreign perspective, Bratislava: Institute of European Studies and International Relations, FSEV UK
Ham, P. V., 2002. Branding Territory: Inside the Wonderful Worlds of PR and IR Theory. Millennium - Journal of International Studies, 31(March), pp. 249-269
Ham, P. v., 2008. Place Branding: The State of the Art,. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Scientists, 616(March)
Hanssen-Bauer, J., 2005. The Norwegian ”model” for conflict resolution. Lisbon, Miinistry of Foreign Affairs, Norway
Hoffman, D., 2002. Beyond Public Diplomacy. Foreign Affairs, 81(2)
Chan, G., 1997. Taiwan as an emerging foreign aid donor: developments, problems, and prospects. Pacific Affairs, 1(70), pp. 37-56
Ian, T., 2002. Taiwan's Foreign Policy and Africa: The LimitationS of Dollar Diplomacy,". Journal oJ Contemporary China, 30(11), pp. 125-40
Jakubiak, M. & Kolesar, P., 2010. Car Industry in Slovakia Recent Developments and Impact on Growth, Warsaw: Center for Social and Economic Research
Jie, C., 2001. Burgeoning Transnationalism ofTaiwan's Social Movement NGOs. Journal of Contemporary China, 10(29), pp. 613-44
Kabir, M., 2007. Diplomacy at Bangladesh’s Missions Abroad: A Practitioner’s View. Journal of Diplomacy, Volume 2, pp. 299-302
Langmore, J. & Egeland, J., 2011. Learning from Norway: Independent, middle-power foreign policy. The Griffit Review, 31(May)
Lee, C., 2010. Study in Taiwan: All the Rage. Taiwanese Panorama, 35(4), pp. 70-79
Lee, D. & Smith, N., 2010. Small State Discourses in the International Political Economy. Third World Quarterly, 31(7)
Lewis, P., 1988. In Oslo, Blessings for 733 Who Kept the Peace. The New York Times, 12 12
Lu, H.-l., 2003. Soft' Power:A Common Future for the Pacific. Taiwan Review
Lundestad, G., 1985. Nationalism and internationalism in Norwegian foreign policy. Inernatjonal Politikk, Volume 1
Maass, M., 2009. The elusive definition of the small state. International Politics, Volume 46
Mallicková, E., 2010. Public Diplomacy as a Priority of Slovak Ministry of Foreing Affairs. Bratislava, Ústav európskych štúdií a medzinárodných vzťahov, FSEV UK
Mengin, F., 1997. Taiwan's non‐official diplomacy. Diplomacy & Statecraft, 8(1), pp. 228-248
Metzl, J. F., 2001. Network Diplomacy. Georgetown Journal of International Affairs, Issue Spring/Summer, pp. 77-87
Moore, T., 2012. Norway's Focused Strategic Communication Strategy. [Online]
Available at: http://www.unc.edu/depts/diplomat/item/2010/0912/comm/moore_norway.html
[Accessed 7 5 2014]
Neumann, I. B., 1998. Departmental identity: The Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Internasjonal Politikk, 56(1), pp. 75-103
OECD, 2013. Slovak Republic: Fostering an Inclusive Job Rich-Recovery, Paris: OECD.
Olson, K. G., 1949. Development of the Czechoslovak Propaganda Administration. Public Opinion Quarterly, 4(13), pp. 607-618
Özkan, A., 2014. Role of public diplomacy in establishing nation branding and public. European Journal of Research on Education, 1-5(Special Issue: International Relations)
Pajtinka, E., 2007. Slovak Diplomacy and its dimensions in the 21st century. Bratislava, University of Economics, Bratislava
Petersen, J., 2003. Peace Mediation and Reconciliation. Joint Belgian-Norwegian Seminar on the occasion of the Norwegian State visit to Brussels, 21 May.
Rawnsley, G., 2000. Selling Taiwan: Diplomacy and Propaganda. Issues and Studies, 36(3)
Rich, T., 2009. Status for Sale: Taiwan and the Competition for Diplomatic Recognition. IsslIes & Studies, 45(4)
Rockower, P. S., 2011. Projecting Taiwan: Taiwan's Public Diplomacy Outreach. Issues and studies, Issue 47
Rudderham, M., 2008. Middle Power Pull:Can Middle Powers use Public Diplomacy to Ameliorate theI mage of the West?
Scott, B., 2009. The Problem of Definition Revisited. Public Diplomacy 0902, Malta: DiploFoundation
Snow, N., 2010. Exchange Powe. PDiN Monitor, 1(7)
Segal, G., 1999. Does China Matter?. Foreign Affairs, Volume September/October
Sperling, J., 2001. Neither Hegemony nor Dominance: Reconsidering German Power in Post Cold-War Europe. British Journal of Political Science, 31(2), pp. 389-425
The Anholt-GfK Roper, 2011. Nation Brands Index. Annual Report 2011, New York
Tubilewicz, C. & Guilloux, A., 2011. Does size matter? Foreign aid in Taiwan's diplomatic strategy, 2000–8. Australian Journal of International Affairs, 65(3), pp. 322-339
Villanueva Rivas, ‘Cosmopolitan Constructivism: Mapping a Road to the Future of Cultural and Public Diplomacy’, Public Diplomacy Magazine, Winter 2010
Wang, H. & Lu, Y., 2008. ‘The conception of soft power and its policy implications: A comparative study of China and Taiwan. Journal of Contemporary China, 56(17), pp. 425-447
Widvey, T., 2003. Public diplomacy. Ottawa, Norwegian-American Chamber of Commerce.
Yao, G., Yen-Pi , C. & Chiao-, P. C., 2008. The Quality of Life in Taiwan. The Quality of Life in Confucian Asia: From Physical Welfare to Subjective Well–Being, 6 10
Yu, S., 2008. President Ma explains his new diplomatic approach. [Online]
[Accessed 9 6 2014]

Web-Sites
Agence France-Presse, 2013. Slovakia, World's Leading Per-Capita Car Maker, Back in Top Gear. [Online]
Available at: http://www.industryweek.com/global-economy/slovakia-worlds-leading-capita-car-maker-back-top-gear [Accessed 15 5 2014].
Bátora, J. & Hozlarova, Z., 2009. Verejná diplomacia: Novy strategicky nastroj MZV. Bratislava, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Slovakia
Bur, M., 2008. Nation Brnding and Slovakia. [Online]
Available at: http://nation-branding.info/2010/04/28/nation-branding-and-slovakia/
[Accessed 16 1 2014]
CIA Factbook, 2014. CIA Factbook: Norway. [Online]
Available at: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/no.html
[Accessed 17 1 2014]
CIA, 2014. CIA Factbook: Slovakia. [Online]
Available at: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/lo.html
[Accessed 12 5 2014]
CIA World Factbook, 2014. Taiwan. [Online]
Available at: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/tw.html
[Accessed 4 6 2014]
Commonwealth Secretariat/World Bank Task, 2010. Small States: Meeting Challengesin the Global Economy, Washington D.C: World Bank
Corgan, M., 2008. Small State Diplomacy. [Online]
Available at: http://www.e-ir.info/2008/08/12/small-state-diplomacy/
[Accessed 15 2 2014]
Dinh, C., 2012. Hard Look at Soft Power: Global Public Diplomacy. [Online]
Available at: http://publicdiplomacysummer2012au.blogspot.tw/2012/06/taiwans-public-diplomacy-challenges-and.html
[Accessed 7 6 2014]
Evans, G., 2011. Middle Power Diplomacy. [Online]
Available at: http://www.gevans.org/speeches/speech441.html
[Accessed 10 5 2014]
Fakulta masmediálnej komunikácie UCM v Trnave, 2014, Branding Slovenska- O projekte, Available at: http://brandingslovenska.com/zoznam/page/3/, [Accessed 6 12 2014]
FutureBrand, 2013. Country Brand Index 2012-13. [Online]
Available at: http://www.futurebrand.com/images/uploads/studies/cbi/CBI_2012-Final.pdf
[Accessed 6 5 2014]
Hoadley, S., 2013. Taiwan update: domestic reform and soft power diplomacy. New Zealand International Review, January/February, 38(1)
Hou, E., 2014. Taiwan launches new youth exchange program with U.S.. [Online]
Available at: http://focustaiwan.tw/news/asoc/201406030032.aspx
[Accessed 8 6 2014]
Huang, K.-B., 2012. Taiwan’s Public Diplomacy at a Time of Institutional Change. [Online]
Available at: http://www.brookings.edu/research/opinions/2012/05/10-taiwan-diplomacy-huang
[Accessed 23 1 2014]
Chan, R., 2009. Ma’s State Visits Will Display Taiwan’s Soft Power: FM. [Online]
Available at: http://www.taiwannews.com.tw/etn/news_content.php?id=940984
[Accessed 8 6 2014]
Innovation Norway, 2014. About Innovation Norway. [Online]
Available at: http://www.innovasjonnorge.no/no/contact-us/#.U20vfvmSySp
[Accessed 28 4 2014]
London Metropolitan University, 2012. Niche diplomacy: a key for smaller states to become visible? The example of Norway and peacemaking diplomacy. [Online] Available at: http://publicandculturaldiplomacy1.wordpress.com/2012/03/22/niche-diplomacy-a-key-for-smaller-states-to-become-visible/
[Accessed 22 2 2014]
Lu, H.-l., 2003. 'Soft Power: A Common Future for the Pacific.. [Online]
Available at: http ://taiwanreview.nat.gov.tw/ct.asp?xltem=9 13
[Accessed 9 6 2014]
Miller, A. L., 2006. China an Emerging Superpower?. [Online]
Available at: http://www.stanford.edu/group/sjir/6.1.03_miller.html
[Accessed 13 3 2014]
OECD, 2008. Norway Development Assistance Comittee Peer Review of Norway. [Online]
Available at: http://www.oecd.org/dac/peer-reviews/norway2008dacpeerreviewofnorway-mainfindingsandrecommendations.htm
[Accessed 18 1 2014]
Rawnsley, G., 2014. Student protests and Taiwan’s soft power. [Online]
Available at: http://blogs.nottingham.ac.uk/chinapolicyinstitute/2014/03/25/student-protests-and-taiwans-soft-power/
[Accessed 8 6 2014]
Rawnsley, G. D., 2011. Comparing the Soft Power and Public Diplomacy of China and Taiwan. [Online]
Available at: http://wwwpdic.blogspot.tw/2011/03/taiwans-soft-power-and-public-diplomacy.html
[Accessed 5 6 2014]
Smith, P. H., 1998. Public diplomacy. [Online]
Available at: http://www.diplomacy.edu/resources/general/public-diplomacy
[Accessed 10 2 2014]
Støre, J. G., 2010. Disarmament as a global challenge. [Online]
Available at: http://www.regjeringen.no/en/archive/Stoltenbergs-2nd-Government/Ministry-of-Foreign-Affairs/taler-og-artikler/2010/disarmament_change.html?id=609548
Townsend, J., 2011. Branding Peace: Norway's Identity Put to the Test. [Online]
Available at: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/jake-townsend/branding-peace-norways-id_b_918229.html
[Accessed 17 2 2014]
Tiezzi, S., 2013. Why Taiwan’s Allies are Flocking to Beijing. [Online]
Available at: http://thediplomat.com/2013/11/why-taiwans-allies-are-flocking-to-beijing/
[Accessed 7 6 2014]
Tupy, M. L., 2010. Slovakia’s Return to the ‘Black Hole’. [Online]
Available at: http://www.cato.org/publications/commentary/slovakias-return-black-hole
[Accessed 16 5 2014]

Official Documents
Commonwealth Secretariat/World Bank Task, 2010. Small States: Meeting Challengesin the Global Economy, Washington D.C: World Bank
Eurobarometer, 2001. EUROBAROMETER XI-XII 2000. [Online]
Available at: http://ec.europa.eu/public_opinion/archives/eb/eb54/eb54_en.pdf
[Accessed 15 5 2014]
ICDF, 2011. International Cooperation and Development 2011 Annual Report, Taipei: s.n.
ICDF, 2014. Directions in Strategic Planning. [Online]
Available at: http://www.icdf.org.tw/ct.asp?xItem=8110&CtNode=30180&mp=2
[Accessed 8 6 2014]
Kelly, H., 2010. A Helping Hand in Haitii. [Online]
Available at: http://taiwanreview
[Accessed 7 6 2014]
McClellan, M., 2003. Public Diplomacy in the Context of Traditional Diplomacy, s.l.: U.S Department of State
Ministry of Education of ROC,, 2012. Overseas Students in ROC: 2012 Statistics, Taipei
Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Slovak Republic, 2007. Slovak Foreign Policy in 2007
Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Slovak Republc, 2007. Foreign Policy Annual Report 2007, Bratislava: Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Slovak Republic
Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Slovak Republic, 2011. Slovakia: Country with Potential, Bratislava: MFEA of Slovak Republic
Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Slovak Republic, 2008. The Slovakia's Foreign Policy Focus 2008. [Online]
Available at: http://www.mzv.sk/App/wcm/media.nsf/vw_ByID/ID_D9A4421B46E3DE5EC125764800421CEF_SK/$File/zameranie%20ZP%202008.pdf.
[Accessed 18 5 2014]
MOFA, M. O. F. A., 2012. Public Diplomacy Coordination Council: Structure and Functions, Taipei: s.n.
NMFA, 2013. Norway and the United Nations:Common Future,Common Solutions, Oslo: Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs
MoFa ROC, 2014. The Republic of China Yearbook 2013: Forreign Affairs. [Online]
Available at: http://www.ey.gov.tw/en/cp.aspx?n=90586F8A7E5F4397
[Accessed 9 6 2014]
ROC Ministry of Culture, 2014. Ministry of Culture: About Us. [Online]
Available at: http://english.moc.gov.tw/dir/index.php?sn=85
[Accessed 3 6 2014]
ROC Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 2014. Structure and Functions. [Online]
Available at: http://www.mofa.gov.tw/en/Organization.aspx?n=71C67D43CEB5EF3F&sms=A8F1FA2030B6089B
[Accessed 5 6 2014]
Republic of China (Taiwan) Ministry of Forcign Affairs, 2011. Foreign Policy Report, 7th Congress of the Legislative Yuan, 5th Session. [Online]
Available at: http://www.mofa.gov.tw/webapp/ct.asp?xltem=45688&ctNodc= 1 877&mp=6
[Accessed 9 6 2014]
Republic of China (Taiwan) Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 2006. "Taiwan NGOS: Reaching out the World,". [Online]
Available at: http://www.mofa.gov.tw/webapp/publiclData/ 7323 1426457 1.pdf
[Accessed 9 6 2014]
SACR, 2012. Annual Report 2011. [Online]
Available at: http://www.sacr.sk/sacr/o-nas/vyrocne-spravy/.
[Accessed 19 5 2014]
SACR, 2014. About SACR. [Online]
Available at: http://www.sacr.sk/en/slovak-tourist-board/news/
[Accessed 1 6 2014]
SAIA, 2014. About SAIA. [Online]
Available at: http://www.saia.sk/sk/pages/o-nas/
[Accessed 1 6 2014]
SARIO, 2014. About SARIO. [Online]
Available at: http://www.sario.sk/sk/o-nas/kto-sme
[Accessed 1 6 2014]
Taiwan Ministry of Foreign Affairs, May 2009. Partnership for Progress and Sustainable Development: White Paper on Foreign Aid Policy, Taipei
The China Post, 2014. NPM hopes exhibits in Japan will highlight the nation's 'soft power'. [Online]
Available at: http://www.chinapost.com.tw/taiwan/national/national-news/2014/05/28/408768/p1/NPM-hopes.htm
[Accessed 8 6 2014]
Winter, P., 2006. Taiwan’s Public Diplomacy. [Online]
Available at: http://publicdiplomacy.wikia.com/wiki/Taiwan_(Republic_of_China)
[Accessed 6 6 2014]
Yan-Chih, M., 2013. Culture minister urges soft power boost. [Online]
Available at: http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/front/archives/2013/04/14/2003559577
[Accessed 6 6 2014]
Description: 碩士
國立政治大學
國際研究英語碩士學位學程 (IMPIS)
101862004
102
Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G1018620041
Data Type: thesis
Appears in Collections:[國際研究英語碩士學位學程] 學位論文

Files in This Item:

File SizeFormat
004101.pdf1878KbAdobe PDF1044View/Open


All items in 學術集成 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.


社群 sharing