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|Other Titles:||State and the New Cooperative Medical Schemes in Rural China|
new cooperative medical scheme;central state;local state;rural governance
|Issue Date:||2015-02-11 14:55:15 (UTC+8)|
By comparing the results of a field investigation on the impact of the New Cooperative Medical Schemes（NCMS）in the rural areas of China, this article aims to examine the status of medical services in rural areas, the characteristics of the NCMS, the problems that exist within the system and potential reforms. In addition, as social policy establishment and administration in China has become decentralized, there is considerable variance in the execution of the NCMS in different places, which is also discussed in this study.The geographic area of China is large and therefore decentralization has been adopted. Decentralization leads to a division of the role of the nation: central state and local state. The nature and role of these two states are quite different and could even cause tension if any conflicts in interests and behaviors occur, which further affects the development in rural areas. Hence, the purpose of this study is to analyze the role of the nation on the implementation of the NCMS from the perspective of the two governing levels.The results of our study show that the operation of the local state in southeast Guizhou was qualified in creating systems, and thus the NCMS ran smoothly there. The local state in west Shanxi followed the regulations of the central state strictly, and because of this, the NCMS presented several problems for local physicians. In the rural areas of north Hebei, the healthcare system was highly market-oriented, and therefore, the local state could not enact effective measures to maintain the development of the NCMS.
|Relation:||中國大陸研究 , 54(1) , 29-52|
|Appears in Collections:||[政治學系] 期刊論文|
[中國大陸研究 TSSCI] 期刊論文
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