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Title: 領導效能與地方政府績效:一個對印尼地方政府首長的研究
The Effective Leadership Behaviors and The Local Government Performance, A Study of Regional Heads in Indonesia
Authors: 宜真
Diliani, Dita Siti Nurhayati Anastasia
Contributors: 陳敦源
Dita Siti Nurhayati Anastasia Diliani
Keywords: 領導效能
Date: 2014
Issue Date: 2015-03-02 10:19:04 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 領導效能與地方政府績效:一個對印尼地方政府首長的研究
Leadership crisis has been a sizzling issue for the past decade. The existing studies showed that due to the absence of the ideal characteristics of leadership, the implementation of decentralization in some developing countries tended to give negative effects. Unfortunately, not enough evidences can be used as the guidance to overcome the negative effects. We believe that the leadership studies seemed to have been focused too much on “what” are the characteristics rather than “how”.
Four regions as well as their county/city leader were examined. We found that the four regions have similarities and differences in achieving their objectives. Essentially, we affirmed that leaders have performed, the effective leadership characteristics differently. Regarding the poverty alleviation, these leaders conducted different strategies and achieved different outcome. We conclude that they are two different styles have been identified. These are normative and alternative. They were normative because not only they used the regular approached performed by the central government, but the leader also acted normatively when achieving the objectives. For example, facilitate the poor with free education and health services. On the other, they were alternative because they have performed different approach and the leader acted out of the box. For example, by changing people’s mindset in helping the poor rather than giving them money. To do this, leader with alternative style invited privates to take part rather than depend merely on the government fund.
By adopting the existing leadership theories, the current study has explored the leaders’ behavior that contributed to their effectiveness. We believe that the current study’s findings will be a valuable contribution not only for the leadership studies but also to public administration.
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Data Type: thesis
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