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Title: Tokenism in Psychology: Standing on the Shoulders of Small Boys
Authors: Linkov, Václav
Contributors: 華語文教學中心
Keywords: cultural anthropology;human;mathematical phenomena;psychology;standards;stereotyping;Culture;Humans;Mathematical Concepts;Psychology;Stereotyping
Date: 2014-06
Issue Date: 2015-06-03 11:18:57 (UTC+8)
Abstract: Tokenism is a situation in which a member of a distinctive category is treated differently from other people. This article is about the situation in which Tokens (people perceived as distinctive) are considered experts on something for having the properties of a token (the thing which makes them distinctive). Tokens who differ by appearance or by being born into another culture might be considered experts on cultures grouped into the same racial/cultural category. Tokens who differ by being skilled in number-related mathematics might be considered experts on the mathematization of phenomena. Tokens might say that some result is valid for all people in some racial/cultural category without sufficient evidence, or use number-related mathematics as a mathematization of psychological phenomena without trying to find more abstract mathematizations. This harms psychological research. A possible future genesis of cultural and number tokenisms is discussed, and some suggestions to improve the discourse offered. The effect of tokenism might be diminished if psychologists focus on more proper thinking about psychological phenomena. © 2014 Springer Science+Business Media New York.
Relation: Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science, 48(2), 143-160
Data Type: article
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Appears in Collections:[亞太研究英語博/碩士學位學程(IDAS/IMAS) ] 期刊論文

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