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Title: The theory of Buddha-bodies in the context of soteriology-focusing on the Mahayanasamgraha
Authors: Keng, Ching
Contributors: 哲學系
Keywords: 佛教神學;唯識;攝大乘論;法身;法界;無分別智
Buddhist theology;Yogācāra;Mahāyānasamgraha;Dharma-body;Dharma-realm;Non-discriminating Cognition
Date: 2011-03
Issue Date: 2015-06-22 15:56:16 (UTC+8)
Abstract: This paper begins with arguing that within the larger context of soteriology, the notion of "theology" can be legitimately applied to other religious traditions than Christianity. Following this, I propose that the issue of how the realm of transcendence could relate to the realm of phenomenon can serve as an example of a general theological issue across religious boundaries. I then investigate how this issue is discussed in the Mahayanasamgraha as a seminal text in the Buddhist Yogacara tradition. In the Mahayanasamgraha, the above issue is formulated as the question of how unconditioned Dharma-realm (dharmadhatu) could save the sentient beings in the conditioned world. I argue that the asnwer provided in the Mahayanasamgraha hinges on its theory of three bodies of the Buddha. In short, the Dharma-body bridges between the Dharma-realm and sentient beings. On the one hand, the Dharma-body is the result of a bodhisattva's enduring practice in the phenomenal world, and hence does not transcend over the phenomenal world; on the other hand, the Dharma-body correctly knows the Dharma-realm through the non-discriminating cognition (nirvikalpa-jñana), and hence relates to the Dharma-realm. Furthermore, since sentient beings cannot see the Dharma-body, they can be taught only by the Enjoyment-body and the Transformation-body of the Buddha. The relation between the Dharma-body and the other two bodies is identical to the relation between the non-discriminating cognition and the subsequently-acquired cognition (prsthalabdha-jñana). Finally, this paper ends with a brief comparison between the soteriological scheme in the Mahayanasamgraha and the scheme reflected in the issue of Christology.
Relation: Universitas, 38(3), 119-145
Data Type: article
Appears in Collections:[哲學系] 期刊論文

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