Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:

Title: 中美洲的貿易與衝突及其對貝里斯與瓜地馬拉的意涵 ( 2001 -2013)
Trade and Conflict in Central America: The Implication on Belize and Guatemala (2001-2013)
Authors: 羅美珊
Rodriguez, Melissa Nicole
Contributors: 張文揚
Chang, Wen Yang
Rodriguez, Melissa Nicole
Keywords: 貿易
Central America
Date: 2014
Issue Date: 2015-07-01 15:07:02 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 多年來的中美洲領土爭端的進展,中央美洲國家已成功地將其與時間的措施減少的邊境軍事化的可能性糾紛。
Over the years of progression of the Central American territorial disputes, the Central
American nations have successfully incorporated measures which have with time reduced the
possibilities of militarize boarder disputes. This research explores whether or not the argument
that trade reduces the likelihood of territorial conflict applies to the case of Central America. An
illustrative case study and a time-series cross-dyads GEE (Generalized Estimating Equations)
model applied to analyze the impact of trade on territorial conflict in Central America; were used
to conclude that higher trade interdependence between two countries decrease the likelihood of
militarized conflict.
Reference: Bibliography
Belize Trade and Invest Zone,. 'Belize - Guatemala Partial Scope Agreement'. N.p., 2015. Web.
Retrieved 18 May 2015 .
Barbieri, Katherine. 1996. ―Economic Interdependence: A Path to Peace or a Source of Interstate
Conflict?‖ Journal of Peace Research 33 (No.1): 29-49.
Bolland, O, Nigel. 1977. The formation of a Colonial Society: Belize, from Conquest to Crown Colony.
Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press
Bolland, O, Nigel. 2003. Colonialism and Resistance in Belize. First Published 1988, second published
2003. Jamaica, Trinidad and Tobago: University of West Indies Press
JAMAICA. 2014. Web. 18 May 2015.
Cullen F, Goenner. 2011 ―Simultaneity between Trade and Conflict: Endogenous Instruments of Mass
Destruction Research‖. Conflict Management and Peace Science 28 (5): 459-477
Collins, Alan 2012. Contemporary Security Studies. Oxford University Press. Kindle Edition.
Copeland, Dale. 1996. ―Economic Interdependence and War A Theory of Trade
Expectation‖. International Security 20 (4): 5- 41.
Courtnenay, Eamon. Guatemala And Belize Sign Trade Agreement. 2015. TV. Montserrat Gorina Ysern
2000 OAS Mediates in Belize-Guatemala Border Dispute volume 5: Issues Release 20
57 May 6,
CTV3 Publisher,. 'The Issue Of The Belize/Guatemala Referendum Resurfaces'. CTV News. N.p., 2013.
Web. 18 May 2015.
Doyle, W, Michael. 2005. ―Three Pillars of the Liberal Peace‖, American Political Science Review 99
( 3): 63-466.
Fearon, D, James. 1995. ―Rationalist Explanations for War‖. International Organization 49 (3): 379–
Gasiorowski, J, Mark. 1986 ―Economic Interdependence and International Conflict: Some CrossNational
Evidence‖, International Studies Quarterly 30 (1): 23–38.
Ghosn, F., Palmer, G. & Bremer, S. (2004). The MID3 Data Set, 1993–2001: Procedures, Coding Rules,
and Description. Conflict Management and Peace Science, 21, 133-154.
Hegre, Håvard, 2004. ‗Size Asymmetry, Trade, and Militarized Conflict‘, Journal of Conflict Resolution
48(3): 403-429
Hegre, Håvard, 2005. ―Development and liberal Peace‖, Nordic, Journal of Political Economy 31 (3):
17 -16
Hensel, P. R. & Mitchell, S. M. 2005. ―Issue indivisibility and territorial claims‖. GeoJournal,
64(4): 275-285
Hensel, P. R. 2001. ―Contentious issues and world politics: territorial claims in the Americas,
1816-1992‖. International Studies Quarterly, 45(1), 81-109.
Hensel, Paul R., Sara McLaughlin Mitchell, Thomas E. Sowers II, and Clayton L. Thyne (2008). "Bones
of Contention: Comparing Territorial, Maritime, and River Issues." Journal of Conflict
Resolution 52, 1: 117-143
Hensel, Paul R 2013 The ICOW Territorial Claims Data Set : Version 1.01 Online: (accessed January 17 , 2014)
Huth, P. K. 1996. Standing Your Ground: Territorial Disputes and International Conflict. Ann
Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press.
Huth, P. K. & Allee, T, L. 2002. The democratic peace and territorial conflict in the twentieth
Century. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.

Jervis, Robert 2002. ―Theories of War in an Era of Leading Power Peace‖, America Political
Science Review, 96(1):1-14
Kant, Immanuel. 1970. Perpetual Peace. In Kant’s PoliticalWritings,ed. Hans Reiss; trans. H. B. Nisbet.
Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Korres George M. 2007 Regionalisation, Growth, and Economic Integration Univesity of the Aegean
University Hill 811 Mytilene Greece
Lauterpacht.E , Judge Schwebel Stephen ,Professor Shabtai Rosenne & Professor Francisco Orrego
Vicuña. 2001 Legal Opinion on Guatemala‘s Territorial Claim to Belize, Government of Belize
Lee H and Mitchell, SM. 2012 ―Foreign direct investment and Territorial Dispute‖. Journal of conflict
and resolution 56 (4) 675-704
Mearsheimer, J. 1992. ―Disorder Restored.‖ In Rethinking America’s Security: Beyond C Cold War to
New World Order, edited by G. T. Allison and G. Treverton,. New York: W. W. Norton.
Morrow, D, James. 1999 ―How Could Trade Affect Conflict?‖, Journal of Peace Research 36(4): 481—
Noble, Alissa. 'Guatemala And Belize Sign Trade Agreement'. News 5. N.p., 2006. Web. 18 May 2015.
Emile Mena, President of the Belize Chamber of Commerce and Industry, Guatemala and Belize
Sign Trade Agreement. 2015. TV. May 6, 2015
Oneal, John ,R Frances H, Oneal. Zeev Maoz and Bruce Russett 1996. ―The Liberal Peace:
Interdependence, Democracy, and International Conflict 1950-85.‖ Journal of Peace Research
33(1): 11-28
Oneal, John R. and Bruce Russett (1997) ―The Classical Liberals Were Right: Democracy,
Interdependence, and Conflict‖, 1950–85‘, International Studies Quarterly 41(2): 267–94.
Oneal, John R. & Bruce M. Russett, 1999a. ―Assessing the Liberal Peace with Alternative
Specifications:Trade Still Reduces Conflict‖, Journal of Peace Research 36(4): 423-442.
Orozco, Manuel 2001. ―Boundary Disputes in Central America: Past Trends and Present
Developments.‖Pensamiento propio 14 : 99-134.
Palmer, Glenn, Vito D'Orazio, Michael Kenwick, and Matthew Lane. 2013. "The MID4 Data Set, 2002-
2010: Procedures, Coding Rules and Description." Conflict Management and Peace Science (accessed January 08,
Perez A., C Chuang., F Afero 2009 ―Belize-Guatemala territorial dispute and its implications for
conservation‖ Open Access Journal - Tropical Conservation Science 2(1):11-24
Polachek, Solomon W., 1980. ―Conflict and Trade‖, Journal of Conflict Resolution 24(1): 55-78.
Polachek, Solomon W and Judy McDonald, 1992, ―Strategic Trade and the Incentives for Cooperation‖,
pp.273 -284 in Manas Chatterji and Linda Forcey, eds, Disarmament, Conversion and Peace
Management, New York Praeger
Polachek, Solomon W., John Robst, and Yuan-Ching Chang1999 ―Liberalism and
Interdependence: Extending the Trade-Conflict Model.‖ Journal of Peace Research 36(4): 405-
Pollins, Brian M. 1989. ―Conflict, cooperation, and commerce: The effect of international political
interactions on bilateral trade flows‖. American Journal of Political Science 33(3): 737–761.
Ruiz-Dana, Alejandra Goldschagg, Peter Claro, Edmundo Blanco Hernán 2007 : Regional Integration.
Trade and Conflict in Latin America. Chile, IISD.ORG (retrieved : October 6 2014 )
Russett, Bruce, and John O‘Neal. 2001. Triangulating Peace. New York: Norton.
Senese, D, Paul. 2005. ―Territory, Contiguity, and International Conflict: Assessing a New Joint
Explanation‖ American Journal of Political Science 49 (4): 769-779
Shoman Assad 2000. The 13 chapters history of Belize. Belize: Angelus pres limited. 1st edition 1994
Shoman, Assad. 2010. Belize’s Independence and Decolonization in Latin America:
Guatemala, Britain and the UN Palgrave St. Martins : Mcmillan Press 2010
Simmons, Beth A 2006 Trade and Territorial Conflict in Latin America: International Borders as
Institutions, in Miles Kahler and Barbara Walter (eds.), Territoriality and Conflict in an
Era of Globalization. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Simmons Beth A 2005 ―Rules over Real Estate: Trade, Territorial Conflict, and International Borders
as Institution‖: The Journal of Conflict Resolution, Vol. 49(6): 823-848
Smith, Adam (1776/1904). An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations, ed. Edwin
Cannan. Library of Economics and Liberty. 17 December 2014.
Thompson P.A.B. 2005, A Concise History of Belize McMillan education , first published1804
Oxford McMillan Caribbean
Waltz, Kenneth, 1979. Theory of International Politics, Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.
Wiegand Krista Eileen 2011 Enduring Territorial Disputes: Strategies of Bargaining, Coercive
Diplomacy and settlement. Athens Georgia: University of Georgia Press
World Trade Organization, 2003. ‗10 Benefits of the WTO Trading System‘. Geneva: WTO, July 7, (accessed
December 08, 2014
Description: 碩士
國際研究英語碩士學位學程 (IMPIS)
Source URI:
Data Type: thesis
Appears in Collections:[國際研究英語碩士學位學程] 學位論文

Files in This Item:

File SizeFormat
019101.pdf1392KbAdobe PDF519View/Open

All items in 學術集成 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.

社群 sharing