Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:

Title: 勞工改變工作型態對其薪資之影響
The Wage Difference after Job Status Changing
Authors: 郭詩妤
Kuo, Shih Yu
Contributors: 陳鎮洲
Chen, Jenn Jou
Kuo, Shih Yu
Keywords: 臨時性工作
Temporary jobs
Temporary workers
Job status
Date: 2014
Issue Date: 2015-08-17 14:15:24 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 在台灣,臨時性雇用佔總就業比例在2012年大約為5.3%,而且這個比例近年來有持續上升的趨勢。當勞工的工作型態從臨時性轉換到非臨時性雇用或是從非臨時性轉換到臨時性雇用時,勞工的薪水會因此而有明顯地差距。本研究利用人力運用調查之下的擬追蹤資料,檢驗勞工改變其工作型態與其薪水變化之間的關係。實證結果顯示從臨時性轉換到非臨時性工作之勞工,其薪水有顯著地上升;而從非臨時性轉換到臨時性工作之勞工,其薪水會受到顯著地傷害。女性從臨時性轉換到非臨時性工作,可以享有較多的薪水增加,但是男性從非臨時性轉換到臨時性工作時,薪水會受到較多的傷害。而年齡介於40至60歲之間的勞工,薪水下降較其他年齡層的勞工多;而較年輕的勞工其薪水增加較多。
In Taiwan, the proportion of temporary employment is about 5.3% (as of 2012) and this ratio has been growing gradually in recent years. Wage differences are caused by change of job status from non-temporary to temporary and vice-versa. Using data from the Manpower Utilization Quasi-Longitudinal Survey, the results confirm that workers switching from non-temporary to temporary jobs suffer significant erosion of income and workers switching from temporary jobs to non-temporary jobs receive significant income gain. Women benefit more when changing from temporary employment to non-temporary, while men suffer more when transiting from non-temporary to temporary jobs. The wage loss for workers’ in age group 40 to 50 is larger than workers in other age groups and younger workers receive greater income gains.
Reference: 1. Addison, J. T., Cotti, C. D., & Surfield, C. J. (2013). Atypical jobs: stepping stones or dead ends? evidence from the NLSY79. The Manchester School. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1111/manc.12052.
2. Amiti, M., & Wei, S. J. (2004). Fear of outsourcing: Is it justified? (No. 10808). National Bureau of Economic Research.
3. Autor, D. H. (2001). Why do temporary help firms provide free general skills training? Quarterly Journal of Economics, 116(4), 1409-1448.
4. Autor, D. H. (2003). Outsourcing at will: the contribution of unjust dismissal doctrine to the growth of employment outsourcing. Journal of Labor Economics, 21(1), 1-42.
5. Autor, D. H., & Houseman, S. N. (2010). Do temporary-help jobs improve labor market outcomes for low-skilled workers? evidence from" Work First". American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, 2(3), 96-128.
6. Bergman, M. E. 2002, August. Psychological and objective contingency as predictors of work attitudes and behavior. Paper presented at the Academy of Management Meeting, Denver, Colorado.
7. Blank, R. M. (1998). Contingent work in a changing labor market. In Generating jobs: How to increase demand for less-skilled workers, ed. R. B. Freeman, P Gottschalk, 258-294. New York: Russell Sage Found.
8. Böheim, R., & Cardoso, A. R. (2009). Temporary help services employment in Portugal, 1995-2000. In Studies of Labor Market Intermediation, ed. D. H. Author, 309-334. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
9. Booth, A. L., Francesconi, M., & Frank, J. (2002). Temporary jobs: stepping stones or dead ends? The Economic Journal, 112(480), F189-F213.
10. Bridges, W. (1994). Jobshift: how to prosper in a workplace without jobs. MA: Addison-Wesley.
11. Bryson, A. (2013). Do temporary agency workers affect workplace performance? Journal of Productivity Analysis, 39(2), 131-138.
12. CIETT (2009), “Agency work indicators.” Online available:
13. Connelly, C. E., & Gallagher, D. G. (2004). Emerging trends in contingent work research. Journal of Management, 30(6), 959-983.
14. De Graaf-Zijl, M., Van den Berg, G. J., & Heyma, A. (2011). Stepping stones for the unemployed: the effect of temporary jobs on the duration until regular work. Journal of Population Economics, 24(1), 107-139.
15. Ellingson, J. E., Gruys, M. L., & Sackett, P. R. (1998). Factors related to the satisfaction and performance of temporary employees. Journal of Applied Psychology, 83(6), 913-921.
16. Houseman, S. (2005). Temporary agency employment as a way out of poverty? (No. w11742). National Bureau of Economic Research.
17. Houseman, S. N., Kalleberg, A. L., & Erickcek, G. A. (2003). The role of temporary agency employment in tight labor markets. Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 57(1), 105-127.
18. Hsiao, H. H. M. (2013). Precarious work in Taiwan: A profile. American Behavioral Scientist, 57(3), 373-389.
19. Jahn, E. J. (2010). Reassessing the pay gap for temps in Germany. Jahrbucher fur Nationalokonomie und Statistik, 230(2), 208-233.
20. Jahn, E. J., & Pozzoli, D. (2011). Does the sector experience affect the pay gap for temporary agency workers? (No. 5837). IZA Discussion Papers.
21. Jahn, E. J., & Rosholm, M. (2010). Looking beyond the bridge: how temporary agency employment affects labor market outcomes. (No. 9/2010). IAB Discussion Papers.
22. Kaiser, L. C. (2007). Gender-job satisfaction differences across Europe: an indicator for labour market modernization. International Journal of Manpower, 28(1), 75-94.
23. Kalleberg, A. L. (2000). Nonstandard employment relations: part-time, temporary and contract work. Annual Review of Sociology, 26(1), 341-365.
24. Kalleberg, A. L., Reskin, B. F., & Hudson, K. (2000). Bad jobs in America: standard and nonstandard employment relations and job quality in the United States. American Sociological Review, 65(2), 256-278.
25. Kandel, E., & Pearson, N. D. (2001). Flexibility versus commitment in personnel management. Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, 15(4), 515-556.
26. Ko, J. J. R., & Yeh, Y. J. Y. (2013). Worker satisfaction following employment restructuring: effects of nonstandard workers and downsizing on job satisfaction in Taiwan. Social Indicators Research, 110(2), 453-467.
27. Lautsch, B. A. (2002). Uncovering and explaining variance in the features and outcomes of contingent work. Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 56(1), 23-43.
28. Lewbel, A. (2012). Using heteroscedasticity to identify and estimate mismeasured and endogenous regressor models. Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, 30(1), 67-80.
29. Polivka, A. E., & Nardone, T. (1989). On the definition of contingent work. Monthly Labor Review, 112(12), 9-16.
30. Portugal, P., & Varejão, J. (2009). Why do firms use fixed-term contracts? (No. 4380). IZA Discussion Papers.
31. Virtanen, M., Kivimäki, M., Virtanen, P., Elovainio, M., & Vahtera, J. (2003). Disparity in occupational training and career planning between contingent and permanent employees. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 12(1), 19-36.
Description: 碩士
Source URI:
Data Type: thesis
Appears in Collections:[經濟學系] 學位論文

Files in This Item:

File SizeFormat
800301.pdf916KbAdobe PDF41View/Open

All items in 學術集成 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.

社群 sharing